Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Salvinia natans
(L.) Allioni, Salviniaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Marsilea natans L.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: floating watermoss

French: salvinie

Habit:  aquatic fern

Description:  "Floating fern with hairy stems.  Uppermost (floating) leaves longer than broad, 9-13 - 5-7 mm, entire at apex, arranged in regular rows and lying flat on the water surface; papillae arranged in regular rows, with a tuft of hairs not joined at their tips.  Sporocarps globose, whitish-yellow, 2-8 together on submerged, root-like leaves." (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; pp. 93-94).

See also Salvinia cucullata and Salvinia molesta.

Habitat/ecology:  "Slow-moving waterways, irrigated fields, ditches and shallow pools. A weed of waters where phosphate levels have been increased due to fertiliser use." (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; pp. 93-94).

Propagation:  "Vegetative fragments and spores dispersed by water. Human activities also responsible for spread of plants." (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; pp. 93-94).

Native range:  Eurasia (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; pp. 93-94).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 32)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of)   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 320)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Java
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
North Korea
North Korea
North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South Korea
South Korea
South Korea (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of)   Waterhouse, B. M./Mitchell, A. A. (1998) (p. 94)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 320)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
invasive
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (p. 53)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
invasive
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (p. 53)

Comments:  "A principal weed in temperate locations including Italy, Japan, Korea, Mauritius and New Zealand. A common weed of rice in Indonesia. Harbours the intermediate host (snail) for schistosomaiasis in Lake Kariba (Zimbabwe)." (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; pp. 93-94).

Additional information:
Additional online information about Salvinia natans is available from the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Information about Salvinia natans as a weed (worldwide references) may be available from the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Taxonomic information about Salvinia natans may be available from the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).

References:

Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 391 pp.

Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. 2005. A tropical garden flora: plants cultivated in the Hawaiian Islands and other tropical places. Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu. 908 pp.

U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. 2013. National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Online searchable database.

U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. 2013. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

Waterhouse, B. M./Mitchell, A. A. 1998. Northern Australia Quarantine Strategy: weeds target list. Second edition. Australian Quarantine & Inspection Service, Miscellaneous Publication No. 6/98. 110 pp.

Wu, Te-lin. 2001. Check List of Hong Kong Plants. Hong Kong Herbarium and the South China Institute of Botany. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department Bulletin 1 (revised). 384 pp.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 14 MAR 2005 and was last updated on 22 OCT 2006.