Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Salvinia cucullata
Roxb., Salviniaceae
No images for this taxon

Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Habit:  aquatic fern

Description:  "Floating fern with hairy stems.  Uppermost (floating) leaves entire at apex, to 1.2 cm long, broader than long with margins curving upwards and inwards; upper leaf surfaces with papillae in irregularly curved rows, the tips not joined.  Sporocarps form on the submerged, rootlike lower leaves.  This species is similar to the serious weed Salvinia molesta.  The characters of S. molesta are leaves longer than broad with deeply indented leaf apices; the papillae hairs are joined at their tips to form a cage-like structure"  (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; pp. 91-92).  See also Salvinia natans.

Habitat/ecology:  "Slow-moving freshwatrer bodies, rice fields" (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; pp. 91-92).

Propagation:  "Vegetative fragments and spores spread by water. Human activities and perhaps water birds are also responsible for spread of plants" (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; pp. 91-92).

Native range:  India to Southeast Asia (GRIN).


Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indonesia (Republic of)   U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia (country of)   Waterhouse, B. M./Mitchell, A. A. (1998) (p. 92)
Thailand (Kingdom of)   U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of)   U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  "A principal weed of Indonesia and Thailand. A weed of rice and open waters. Harbours the Mansonia mosquito in Sri Lanka." (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1998; pp. 91-92).

Control:  If you know of control methods for Salvinia cucullata, please let us know.

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This page was created on 14 MAR 2005 and was last updated on 24 MAR 2007.