Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Rubus niveus
Thunb., Rosaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 19 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: hong pao ci teng

English: Ceylon raspberry, hill raspberry, Mysore raspberry

Spanish: frambuesa, mora

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Shrubs; stems up to 20 dm long, tomentulose when young or glabrous and glaucous, covered with stout, hooked prickles 3-7 mm long, their bases usually longitudinally elongated, bark of older stems not shredding.  Leaves pinnately compound, leaflets 5-9, elliptic-ovate to elliptic, 2.5-6 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, the terminal one often broadly ovate, more or less lobed on one side, and up to 5 cm wide, upper surface glabrous, lower surface densely white tomentose, margins serrate, petiolules 0-0.1 cm long, petioles and rachis usually with curved prickles.  Flowers in short, terminal, cymose panicles, densely tomentose and with scattered prickles, pedicels 6-12 mm long; petals rose purple, broadly obovate to suborbicular, ca 4-5 mm long.  Fruit dark red, becoming reddish black, subglobose, ca. 1 cm long, white tomentulose" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 1110, 1891).

Habitat/ecology:  "Forest edges, riparian habitats, woodland, disturbed sites.  As other species of the genus, this shrub forms dense and impenetrable thickets due to the arching and intertwining stems.  It displaces native vegetation, impedes regeneration of native shrubs and trees and affects wildlife habitats"  (Weber, 2003; p. 372).

In Hawai‘i, "cultivated and now naturalized" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1110). "Smothers smaller plants and impedes passage"  (Motooka et al., 2003).  Moist uplands in the Galápagos Islands (McMullen, 1999; p. 137).

Propagation:  Fruits spread by birds and rodents.

Native range:  India to southeastern Asia, the Philippines and Indonesia (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1110).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santiago Group
Santiago Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1110, 1891)
Voucher cited: Krauss 966 (BISH), Nagata 2939 (HLA)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Nagata, Kenneth M. (1995) (p. 12)
Voucher cited: Nagata 4233 (BISH, HLA, US)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Flynn, Tim/Lorence, David H. (1998) (p. 6)
Plants removed. Voucher cited: Galen Kawakami s.n. (PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1110)
Voucher cited: Hobdy 2610 (BISH)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 229)
In thickets, altitude 1,300 to 1,600 m.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Thickets on slopes, sparse forests, montane valleys, stream sides, flood plains; 500-2800 m".
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Control:  See "Blackberry control manual: management and control options for blackberry (Rubus spp.) in Australia"  (Victoria Dept. Prim. Ind., 2009).

Physical: Isolated plants may be grubbed out, but any remaining roots will sprout.

Chemical:  "Sensitive to drizzle application of triclopyr ester in a crop oil carrier at 1 lb/acre, and to very-low-volume basal bark applications of triclopyr ester at 15% product in a crop oil carrier.  Reportedly tolerant of triclopyr with water as the carrier (Glenn Shishido, DOFAW)"  (Motooka et al., 2003).


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This page was created on 28 AUG 2002 and was last updated on 12 MAR 2012.