Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Rotala rotundifolia
(Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Koehne, Lythraceae
No images for this taxon


Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Ammannia rotundifolia Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: dwarf rotala, rotala, roundleaf toothcup

Habit:  aquatic herb

Description:  "Perennial or annual herbStems usually branched, erect, floating or creeping, to 30 cm long.  Leaves decussate, sessile or shortly petiolate, broadly elliptic to orbicular, to 1.2 cm long.  Bracts ovate, obtuse, sometimes apiculate, the base obtuse; inflorescence bract to 4 mm long; flower bract to 2 mm long; bracteoles lanceolate, usually less than or equal to hypanthium length.  Flowers subsessile, in distinct many-flowered racemes.  Hypanthium campanulate, to 1 mm long; appendages absent.  Sepals 4, triangular, to 1 mm long.  Petals 4, obovate, 2-3 times a s long as sepals, mauve.  Stamens 4, inserted near base of hypanthium. Style to 0.5 mm long.  Capsule globose, c. 1.5 mm diameter, opening by 4 valves" (Orchard, 1990; p. 96).

"A perennial herb with slender prostrate rhizome and erect, glabrous stems 10-20 cm long.  The small, solitary flowers are borne in the axils of the small leaves.  Leaves are sessile, elliptic and opposite on the stem."  (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 55).

Habitat/ecology:  "The plant inhabits wetland areas, low-lying fields and moist soil adjacent to ponds and dams.  It is cultivated in outdoor ornamental ponds in tropical regions." (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 55).  "Grows in damp areas or submerged in water" (Orchard, 1990; p. 96).

Propagation:  Seed, stem fragments.

Native range:  Myanmar, Vietnam (GRIN).  "Occurs in S and SE Asia from India to Japan" (Orchard, 1990; p. 96).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (pp. 55-56)
Naturalized.
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (pp. 55-56)
Naturalized.
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 160)
In paddy fields and wet places.
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 311)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Alabama
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  "The plant is widely used by aquarists and sold through the pet industry" (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 55).


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This page was created on 1 JUL 2004 and was last updated on 18 DEC 2012.