Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Ranunculus muricatus
L., Ranunculaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Risk assessment results:  Reject, score: 7 (Go to the risk assessment).

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: ci guo mao gen

English: roughseed buttercup, sharp buttercup, spiny buttercup, spiny-fruited buttercup, spring buttercup

French: renoncule à petites pointes, renoncule pied-de-coq

Japanese: togemi-no-kitsune-nobotan

Spanish: boton de oro, centella, guante, hierba de la vaca, huante

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Glabrous to glabrate annual or perhaps sometimes perennial herbs 2-5 dm tall; stems decumbent or erect, not rooting at the nodes.  Basal leaves simple, broadly cordate, reniform, or semiorbicular, blades 2-5.5 cm long, 2-8.5 cm wide, deeply 3-parted and again shallowly crenately lobed.  Flowers 1-2; receptacle subglobose, hirsute; sepals ovate, 4-7 mm long, spreading, apex mucronate, caducous; petals 5, yellow, obovate, 5-8 mm long, base with a truncate nectary scale.  Achenes 10-20 in a globose head, obovate, ca. 5-6 mm long, the faces covered with stout, curved spines, glabrous, margins keeled, beak 2-2.5 mm long, falcate"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1089).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized in fields and pastures, 1,220-1,380 m"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1089).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Eurasia (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1089).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 462, 466, 557)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 462, 466, 557)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1089)
Voucher cited: Christ s.n. (BISH)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental)   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 66)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Naturalized in grassy places, paddy fields, yards".
Japan
Japan
Japan (country)   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 303)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 182)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 1022)
"Waste land, pastures, rubbish dumps".
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Chile (Republic of)   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 66)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 2 MAR 2007 and was last updated on 6 MAR 2010.