Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Pueraria phaseoloides
(Roxb.) Benth., Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results: 

Evaluate, score: 5 (Go to the risk assessment (Australia))
High risk, score: 17 (Go to the risk assessment (Pacific))

Other Latin names:  Dolichos phaseoloides Roxb.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: san lie ye ye ge

English: puero, tropical kudzu

Kwara‘ae: fa‘i sa‘a, kwalo sa‘a

Maori (Cook Islands): kūtū

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Herbaceous vines. Stem slender, 2-4 m, brownish hirsute. Stipules basifixed, ovate-lanceolate, 3-5 mm; stipels linear, 2-3 mm; leaflets broadly ovate, rhomboid, or ovate-rhomboid, terminal one broader, 6-10 x 4.5-9 cm, lateral ones smaller, oblique, entire or 3-lobed, abaxially densely white hirsute, adaxially adpressed hirsute. Racemes solitary, 8-15 cm or more. Bracts and bracteoles linear-lanceolate, 3-4 mm, hirsute. Flowers with short pedicels, clustered at slightly distant nodes. Calyx ca. 6 mm, pilose; lower tooth as long as tube, apex hirsute, others deltoid, shorter than tube. Corolla bluish or lilac; standard suborbicular, 8-12 mm, base with 2 incurved auricles; wings obovate-oblong, slightly longer than keel, one side of base with rounded auricle, claw slender; keel falcate, apex with short beak, base truncate, clawed. Ovary linear, thinly hairy. Legumes subcylindric, 5-8 cm x ca. 4 mm, first adpressed hirsute, later subglabrous. Seeds 15-20, oblong-elliptic, subtruncate at both ends, ca. 4 mm"  (Flora of China online).

var. javanica:  "Climbing, perennial shrub; stems slender, 2-10 m long, rusty-hairy; roots tuberous. Leaflets rhombic to ovate, 3-15 cm long, cuneate to rounded at base, entire or slightly sinuate, acute, mucronate, appressed-hairy; lateral leaflets unequal-sided; petiole 3-11 cm long. Pseudoracemes 15-30 cm long; flowers mostly in clusters; pedicels 2-5 mm long. Calyx tube 3-4 mm long, pubescent; upper 2 teeth connate almost to apex; lateral teeth obtuse. Petals purple, margins white; standard broadly elliptic, ca 18 mm long, auriculate at base; wings ariculate and lobed at base; keel falcate, acute. Fruit linear, 5-10 cm long, septate, slightly compressed, pubescent, dark grey. Seeds 14-20, barrel-shaped, brown; hilum circular" (Du Puy, 1993).

Habitat/ecology:  Naturalizes along roadsides and moist disturbed areas. In New Caledonia, "introduit comme plante de couverture; ainsi utilisé à présent en quelques caféières à ombrage réduit de la côte Est" (MacKee, 1994; p. 89).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Indochina, Malesia, the Philippines, New Guinea and the Pacific Islands (Du Puy, 1993).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 664480)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 664481)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 665013)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 665014)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 665015)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
var. javanica
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Wolf Island
Wolf Island introduced
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 227-228)
Vouchers cited: DA 16682, DA L.15607
Perhaps very sparingly naturalized.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1969) (voucher ID: BISH 32867)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 227-228)
Vouchers cited: DA 6001, DA 8304, DA 8487 (FDA 13471)
Perhaps very sparingly naturalized.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1954) (voucher ID: BISH 14559)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1988) (voucher ID: PTBG 8785)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 492603)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 491362)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
"Plante de couverture, se naturalise". Voucher cited: J. Florence 7726 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 545420)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 38)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1982) (voucher ID: PTBG 23797)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Frohlich, Danielle/Lau, Alex (2008) (p. 7)
Voucher cited: D. Frohlich & A. Lau 2007081708 (BISH)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 89)
Vouchers cited: MacKee 40812, Veillon 6002
Spontané
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (pp. 159-160)
Cultivated? Presence not verified. Vouchers cited: CHR 150552, CHR 150551
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 25)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 46)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Raulerson, L./Rinehart, A. F./Falanruw, M. C. (1996) (p. 29)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago introduced
invasive
cultivated
Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 255)
Introduced for ground cover and weed control.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1993)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 311)
In open grasslands and in thickets at low and medium altitudes.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1972) (voucher ID: BISH 83835)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1972) (voucher ID: BISH 83895)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1989) (voucher ID: PTBG 3007)
Taxon name on voucher: Pueraria phaseoloides
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 104)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
Shine, C./Reaser, J. K./Gutierrez, A. T., eds. (2003) (p. 166)
Moderate invader.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental)   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 299)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Thickets of mountainous and hilly areas".
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 152)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Negara Brunei Darussalam
Brunei
Brunei (Negara Brunei Darussalam) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) probably native
Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 68, 78)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 74)
Naturalised
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Thickets of mountainous and hilly areas".
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island introduced
cultivated
Swarbrick, J. T. (1997) (p. 125)
var. javanica
Possibly naturalized.
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
India (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Andaman Islands
Andaman Islands native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)

Comments:  Recently found on Guam (John Lawrence, pers. com.).

Reported present in Hawai‘i on USDA PLANTS database.

Previously reported cultivated on Niue (Sykes, 1970; pp. 159-160) but not seen in May 2000 (Space & Flynn, 2000).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 15 DEC 2010.