Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Plectranthus neochilus
Schltr., Lamiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 7 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Coleus carnosus A. Chev.; Coleus neochilus (Schltr.) Codd; Coleus pentheri Gürke; Coleus schinzii Gürke

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Unpleasantly aromatic, decumbent to erect, perennial herb 12-50 cm high; branches succulent, finely and minutely hairy, or sparsely to densely covered with short and long hairs and scattered orange-red sessile glands. Leaves with lamina succulent, viscid, obovate to elliptic-ovate, 2-5 cm long, 1.5-3.5 cm wide; apex obtuse to rounded; base cuneate to attenuate; margins obscurely crenate with 4-6 pairs of teeth; both surfaces sparsely to densely hairy with shortly appressed hairs, especially on veins below, with orange sessile glands below; petiole 0.5-1.5 cm long. Calyx c. 3 mm long, to 6 mm long in fruit. Corolla 12-20 mm long, mauve-purple, rarely whitish, the upper lip paler and bluish, slightly hairy; tube slightly decurved; lobes with scattered sessile glands"  (PlantNET:  New South Wales Flora Online).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Rooting from stems and stem fragments.

Native range:  Southern Africa (PlantNET:  New South Wales Flora Online).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Lau, Alex/Frohlich, Danielle (2012) (p. 18)
Voucher cited: OED 2009050602 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (2001) (voucher ID: BISH 771688)
Taxon name on voucher: Plectranthus neochilus Schltr.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
cultivated
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
"Doubtfully naturalized in the Sydney district".


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 25 OCT 2010 and was last updated on 30 DEC 2011.