Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Passiflora alata
Dryander, Passifloraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Passiflora alata Dryander

Common name(s): [more details]

English: wild passionfruit, wingstem passionflower

French: grenadille, grenadille sauvage

Spanish: pasionaria

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Plant glabrous throughout; stem stout, quadrangular, the angles winged; stipules linear or linear-lanceolate; petioles 2-4-glandular, the glands orbicular, sessile; blades ovate or ovate-oblong, 8-15 cm long, 7-10 cm wide, entire or minutely denticulate, penninerved, the principal secondary nerves 7 or 8 to a side, the upper ones distant; bracts ovate, about 1.5 cm long; flowers 10-12 cm wide, crimson or carmine, the corona filaments variegated with red, white and purple; sepals and petals oblong; corona 4-ranked; fruit obovoid or pyriform, 8-10 cm long." (Macbride, 1941; p. (4/1):99).

Habitat/ecology:  Hardy from -1.1C (30 F) to above 4.5 C (40 F), prefers full sun and soil pH from slightly acidic to neutral (Dave's Garden).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Original native range unclear, but apparently Brazil (Ulmer & MacDougal, 2004; p. 278).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 93)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Naturalisé"


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 20 OCT 2006.