Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Passiflora alata
Dryander, Passifloraceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Passiflora alata Dryander

Common name(s): [more details]

English: wild passionfruit, wingstem passionflower

French: grenadille, grenadille sauvage

Spanish: pasionaria

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Plant glabrous throughout; stem stout, quadrangular, the angles winged; stipules linear or linear-lanceolate; petioles 2-4-glandular, the glands orbicular, sessile; blades ovate or ovate-oblong, 8-15 cm long, 7-10 cm wide, entire or minutely denticulate, penninerved, the principal secondary nerves 7 or 8 to a side, the upper ones distant; bracts ovate, about 1.5 cm long; flowers 10-12 cm wide, crimson or carmine, the corona filaments variegated with red, white and purple; sepals and petals oblong; corona 4-ranked; fruit obovoid or pyriform, 8-10 cm long." (Macbride, 1941; p. (4/1):99).

Habitat/ecology:  Hardy from -1.1C (30 F) to above 4.5 C (40 F), prefers full sun and soil pH from slightly acidic to neutral (Dave's Garden).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Original native range unclear, but apparently Brazil (Ulmer & MacDougal, 2004; p. 278).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 93)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Naturalisé"

Additional information:
Additional online information about Passiflora alata is available from the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Information about Passiflora alata as a weed (worldwide references) may be available from the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Taxonomic information about Passiflora alata may be available from the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).

References:

Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. 2013. Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP). (online resource).

Fosberg, F. R. 1997. Preliminary checklist of the flowering plants and ferns of the Society Islands. Ed. by David R. Stoddart. U. Cal. Berkeley.

Lavergne, Christophe. 2006. List des especes exotiques envahissantes a La Reunion. Unpublished manuscript (Excel file). .

Macbride, J. Francis. 1936. Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series, Vol. XIII. 1936-1971, 6 parts.

U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. 2013. National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Online searchable database.

Ulmer, Torsten/MacDougal, John M. 2004. Passiflora: Passionflowers of the world. Timber Press.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 20 OCT 2006.