Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Melinis repens
(Willd.) Zizka, Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Rhynchelytrum repens (Willd.) C.E. Hubb.; Rhynchelytrum roseum (Nees) Stapf & C. E. Hubb.; Tricholaena repens (Willd.) Hitchc.; Tricholaena rosea Nees

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: hong mao cao

English: blanketgrass, Holme's grass, Natal grass, Natal redtop, red Natal grass

Fijian: thongithongi

French: fleur-la-misère, herbe du Natal, herbe pappangue, herbe rose, tit fleur, tricholène

Spanish: paja rosada, pasto Natal, yerba de Natal, zacate rosado

Tongan: salāpona

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Perennial [grass]; culms up to 90-100 cm high, in age tufted, glabrous, branched; sheaths to 10 cm long, sometimes longer, lower ones often slightly pubescent; ligule of short hairs 1 mm long; blades flat, 5-20 cm long, 2-5 mm wide, usually glaucous, glabrous dorsally; panicles to about 15 cm long, red or purplish at first, later silvery-pink, of fine ascending scabridulous branchlets; spikelets about 5 mm long, clothed with fine silky hairs 3-5 mm long (chiefly on upper glume and sterile lemma); caryopsis ovate, about 1.3 mm long, smooth, light brown" (Stone, 1970; p. 222).

Description from GrassBase.

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized in disturbed, usually dry areas, including urban and agricultural land, dry shrubland, dry forest, and subalpine forest, 0-1,950 m"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1588); "displaces low-growing natives; a fire hazard"  (Motooka et al., 2003).  In Fiji, "common from sea level to about 600 m along roadsides and in cultivated areas, on hillsides, and along forested streams in reed country" (Smith, 1979; p. 363). In New Caledonia, "introduit vers 1900 comme plante fourragère. Maintenant très commun et voyant à basse altitude en terrains vagues et bords de chemins" (MacKee, 1994; pp. 61-62).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Africa, Arabian Peninsula, India; also cultivated and naturalized (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Norfolk Islands
Norfolk Island introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 12)
"An occasional weed". Vouchers cited: P. Ralston 50 (CHR), W.R. Sykes NI 605 (CHR)
Chile (offshore islands)
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island (Isla de Pasqua) introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2008) (p. 29)
subsp. repens.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 62)
as Tricholaena rosea Nees
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 127193)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 62)
as Tricholaena rosea Nees
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 572183)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 81)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 664900)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 664901)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 87)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1990) (voucher ID: BISH 614722)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 93)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 666138)
Taxon name on voucher: Rhynchelytrum repens (Willd.) C.E.Hubb.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 363)
Vouchers cited: DA 3669, DA 8810, DA 8743
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 363)
Vouchers cited: DA 8235, DA 8247, DA 8269, Smith 4259, DA 8285, DA 7972, DA 7930, DA 8107, DA 1648, DA 7480
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1954) (voucher ID: BISH 31603)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1939) (voucher ID: BISH 31604)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 126677)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: D.H. Lorence 6207 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1988) (voucher ID: PTBG 8484)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Mohotani (Mohotane, Mohotane) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2004) (voucher ID: PTBG 42476)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) C. E. Hubb
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
As Tricholaena rosea C.G.D. Nees. Vouchers cited: J. Florence 4174 (PAP), J. Florence 6948 (PAP), J. Florence 8447 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 541055)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 544959)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 558057)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: K.R. Wood & S.P. Perlman 6404 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 28582)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 339)
Voucher cited: BRY 25436
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
As Rhynchelytrum repens (C.L. Willdenow) C.E. Hubbard. Voucher cited: J. Florence 12069 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1993) (voucher ID: BISH 663576)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 339)
Voucher cited: Krauss 1660
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 11702 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1979) (voucher ID: BISH 619019)
Taxon name on voucher: Rhynchelytrum repens (Willd.) C.E.Hubb.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 643637)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1992) (voucher ID: PTBG 22183)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 339)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 64921
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 614448)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 339)
Voucher cited: Florence 8232
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 4717 (PAP); as Tricholaena rosea C.G.D. Nees: J. Florence 8232 (PAP), C.L. Cartier 125 (PAP), C.L. Cartier 249 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1967) (voucher ID: BISH 22336)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 492567)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 547517)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10445 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 339)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 63434
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10607 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 586744)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1990) (voucher ID: BISH 642428)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 339)
Vouchers cited: Florence 2286, BRY 26046
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 491710)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 586752)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Fangataufa (Ahunui) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J.-C. Jolinon 1270 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Fangataufa (Ahunui) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 664032)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Fangataufa (Ahunui) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 664036)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
As Tricholaena rosea C.G.D. Nees. Voucher cited: J. Florence 4174 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 492122)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Niau Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10149 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Niau Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1990) (voucher ID: BISH 642824)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Tikehau (Tikahau) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 7105 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Tikehau (Tikahau) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 546534)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 222)
Vouchers cited: Stone 4371 (GUAM), Stone 4715 (GUAM)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 62)
as Tricholaena rosea Nees
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 127192)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1962) (voucher ID: BISH 127194)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 588366)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaho‘olawe Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1588, 1912)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1588, 1912)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1588, 1912)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1588, 1912)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1588, 1912)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Ni‘ihau Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1588, 1912)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1588, 1912)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
As Rhynchelytrum repens (Willd.) C.E.Hubb.
Kiribati
Line Islands
Tabuaeran (Fanning) Atoll introduced
invasive
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 17)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 96)
Presence not verified.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Enewetak (Ãnewetak, Eniwetok) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 62)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Enewetak (Ãnewetak, Eniwetok) Atoll introduced
invasive
St. John, Harold (1960) (p. 323)
Voucher cited: Taylor 46-1296
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 62)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
invasive
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 73)
As Tricholaena rosea Nees; vouchers cited: Fosberg 58655 (US), Scully 170N (US?), Thaman & Manner 49 (SUVA), Swarbrick 9567
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Îles Loyauté (Loyalty Islands) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 381)
Rudérale très commune et voyante à basse altitude.
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Îles Loyauté (Loyalty Islands) introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (pp. 61-62)
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Maré introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (pp. 61-62)
Voucher cited: Däniker 2619
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Belep introduced
invasive
cultivated
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 381)
Rudérale très commune et voyante à basse altitude.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Belep introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (pp. 61-62)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 381)
Rudérale très commune et voyante à basse altitude.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (pp. 61-62)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) introduced
invasive
Henty, E. E. (1969) (p. 166)
Common in the lowlands and to 3,000 ft., at roadsides, headlands, and on waste land about settlements.
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Hafliger, Ernst/Scholz, Hildemar (1980) (p. 118)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
invasive
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 105)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Kotu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 640404)
Taxon name on voucher: Rhynchelytrum repens (Willd.) C.E.Hubb.
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 62)
"Occasional throughout the group".
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 62)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15490
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 127186)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 101)
Vouchers cited: Setchell & Parks 15346, Soakai 68, Soakai 752
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 62)
Vouchers cited: Hürlmann 39, Yuncker 15151
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 127188)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1926) (voucher ID: BISH 127189)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 101)
Voucher cited: Soakai 873
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 62)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 16068
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 127187)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 24375)
Taxon name on voucher: Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Midway Atoll introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1588, 1912)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Sand Island   Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd (2008) (p. 24)
Not seen in this survey, probably eradicated.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of)   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 96)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
invasive
Morat, Ph./Veillon, J.-M. (1985)
Morat & Veillon, 1985, cited in Meyer, 2007
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis and Futuna Islands   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 56)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
Victoria, Western Australia
Naturalised
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
"Grows on roadsides and waste places."
Naturalised
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
Queensland Herbarium (2002) (p. 5)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of)   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 307)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Costa Rica (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
El Salvador (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Guatemala (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Honduras (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Nicaragua (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Panama (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Grasslands, open or disturbed places, naturalized. Fujian, Guangdong
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 345)
As Rhynchelytrum repens (Willd.) Hubb.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of)   Hafliger, Ernst/Scholz, Hildemar (1980) (p. 118)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 192)
As Rhynchelytrum repens C.E. Hubb.
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of)   Hafliger, Ernst/Scholz, Hildemar (1980) (p. plate)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 60)
Naturalised
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Colombia (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Perú (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
invasive
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Grasslands, open or disturbed places, naturalized.
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of)   Hafliger, Ernst/Scholz, Hildemar (1980) (p. plate)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island introduced
invasive
Swarbrick, J. T. (1997) (p. 125)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. Arthur (1996) (p. 25)
As Rhynchelytrum repens (Willd.) C.E. Hubbard
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Envahissant"
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 307)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Planting of this species is prohibited in Miami-Dade County, Florida (U.S.) (Miami-Dade County Dept. of Planning and Zoning, 2010).

Control: 

Chemical: "HAVO staff reported control with glyphosate at 1% of product sprayed to wet (Chris Zimmer, HAVO)"  (Motooka et al., 2003).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 21 MAY 2013.