Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Melastoma sanguineum
Sims, Melastomataceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 11 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Melastoma decemfidum Roxb.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: mao nie

English: fox-tongued melastoma, red melastome

Habit:  shrub/tree

Description:  "Erect shrubs or small trees 2-4 (-8) m tall, branches and petioles sparsely covered with spreading, smooth hairs 5-15 mm long, but often intermixed with or replaced by appressed, smooth, subulate hairs usually 1 mm or less long. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, (8-) 10-20 cm long, 2-4 (-6.5) cm wide, 5 (-7)-nerved, upper surface moderately covered with hairs that are adnate to the epidermis for most of their length, lower surface strigillose with scattered appressed, lanceolate scales on the elevated nerves, margins entire, apex acuminate to attenuate, base obtuse to rounded, petioles 10-20 (-30) mm long. Inflorescences 2-7-flowered, pedicels 10-15 mm long in fruit, bracts and bracteoles elliptic to lanceolate, 7-15 mm long, 3-9 mm wide, early deciduous; hypanthium covered with spreading or incurved, smooth, more or less basally flattened hairs; calyx 6-lobed, ovate to triangular, 6-12 mm long, apex acuminate; petals 6, purplish pink, 2.5-4.7 cm long, 2.7-3.5 cm wide; anthers of larger stamens 12-15 mm long, connective prolonged 12-16 mm with an appendage ca. 2 mm long, anthers of smaller stamens 9-11 mm long. Berries 6-celled, 15-17 mm long" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 911).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed, bird-dispersed.

Native range:  Malay Peninsula, Java, Sumatra, Vietnam and southeastern China (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 911).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 911)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
Wester, Lyndon (1992) (p. 143)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Leyte
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Open slopes, thickets, grasslands, woodland margins on low hills, trailsides; below 400 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan.
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (pp. 166-167)
Along ditches or in thickets.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Celebes, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumatra
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 911)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 911)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 20 MAY 2013.