Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Lobelia tupa
L., Campanulaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Common name(s): [more details]

English: devil's-tobacco, tupa

Spanish: tabaco del diablo, trupa, tupa

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Planta arbustiva siempreverde que alcanza una altura de hasta 4 m. Tallos erectos, huecos llenos de látex blanco. Tallos nuevos de color rojo-púrpura. Hojas simples, sésiles, de borde finamente aserrado, forma variable generalmente oblonga con el ápice agudo. Láminas de color verde cenicienta de 10-15 cm de longitud, pubescentes, especialmente en el envés. Flores hermafroditas de 4-5 cm de longitud, reunidas en racimos terminales. Cáliz formado por 5 sépalos fusionados, corola de 5 pétalos de color púrpura, unidos en la base. Estambres 5. El fruto es una cápsula bi-valva con numerosas semillas en su interior"  (Enciclopedia de la Flora Chilena).

Habitat/ecology:  "In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:  Low altitude, interior valleys; coastal mountains, 500-2000 m; coastal areas, 0-500 m. Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3-5 months, precipitations of 400-800 mm. are concentrated in winter; humid areas, with almost constant rainfall, short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month). Some shadow, some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20-40% of light"  (Chileflora).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Chile (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 555)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Chile (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 11 FEB 2011 and was last updated on 9 APR 2011.