Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Liriope spicata
(Thunberg) Loureiro, Asparagaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 7.5 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: shan mai dong

English: creeping lilyturf, creeping liriope

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Roots usually with fusiform, fleshy, tuberous part near tip. Stolons creeping, slender. Leaves glaucous abaxially, narrowly linear, 25-60 cm x 4-8 mm, distinctly 5-veined abaxially, base surrounded by many brownish sheaths, margin serrulate. Scape 25-65 cm. Inflorescence 6-15(-20) cm, many flowered; bracts lanceolate, basal one 5-6 mm. Flowers in clusters of (2 or)3-5; pedicel ca. 4 mm, articulate distally. Tepals purplish or bluish, suboblong, 4-5 x 2-2.5 mm. Filaments ca. 2 mm; anthers ca. 2 mm. Style ca. 2 mm; stigma as wide as style. Seeds subglobose, ca. 5 mm in diameter"  (Flora of China online).

"Grasslike herb; rootstocks jointed, shallow-growing, small tubers sometimes present.  Leaves tufted, flexuous, to 17 inches long, 0.25 inches wide.  Inflorescence usually shorter than leaves, scape slender; bracts short, papery.  Flowers 20-36, sessile, in loose, open spike of 5-9 whorls, each with 2-4 flowers, corollas white to pale purple" (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 690).

Habitat/ecology:  "Forests, grassy slopes, hillsides, moist places; near sea level to 1800 m"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  China, Korea and Japan (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 690). Vietnam, China, Taiwan, Japan; also cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (p. 690)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Forests, grassy slopes, hillsides, moist places; near sea level to 1800 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang.
China
China
Hong Kong native
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 361)
Wild or cultivated as an ornamental.
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South Korea
South Korea
South Korea (Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Forests, grassy slopes, hillsides, moist places; near sea level to 1800 m.
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 4 SEP 2005 and was last updated on 19 MAY 2013.