Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Licuala grandis
Licuala grandis (hort. ex W. Bull) H. Wendl., Arecaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, Score: 6 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Pritchardia grandis hort. ex W. Bull

Common name(s): [more details]

English: ruffled fan palm

French: palmier-cuillère

Other: te purauki

Solomon Pijin: nokolo, nondoobu

Habit:  tree

Description:  "A slender palm...about 6 feet tall bears handsome, dark green, round, fine-pleated leaves, which are entire except for inch-long bifid lobes around the edge; the leaves measure about 3 feet across and have slender stems 3 feet long, spine-edged in the lower half" (Neal, 1965; p. 94).

"Trunk:  To 6 ft. in height, 3 in. diameter or less.  Petiole:  3 ft. long, slender, spines near base and halfway to leaf.  Leaf:  Palmate; 3 by 2 ft.; circular appearance but really more wide than long; not divided, unless split by wind, but notched at tips.  M. and R. Foster, in their book, Brazil, speak of the leaves as resembling knife-pleated skirts or corrugated roofs.  Segments:  Bright, dark, glossy green; split at ends; very pleated.  Flowerstalk:  Among leaves, same length as leaves.  Flowers:  1/3 in. long.  Fruit:  Size of pea; glossy crimson"  (McCurrach, 1960; p. 117).

Habitat/ecology:  Grows well in the understory.

Propagation:  Seed. "The small fleshy fruits (ca. 1 cm in diameter) might be dispersed over long distances by frugivorous birds" (Meyer, Lavergne & Hodel, 2008; p. 75).

Native range:  Vanuatu; also cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cultivated?
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 6)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 396-397)
Voucher cited: Moore, Koroiveibau & Parham 9365
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 94)
"Potential invader".
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Lavergne, Christophe/Hodel, Donald R. (2008) (p. 76)
Widely naturalized.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 13)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Lavergne, Christophe/Hodel, Donald R. (2008) (p. 75)
Locally naturalized in botanical garden.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands cultivated
Neal, Marie C. (1965) (p. 94)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll   Thaman, R. R. (1987)
Cultivated? Presence not verified.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
invasive
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 32)
Potential invasive; grows well even under other trees.
f
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 111)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Anuta Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1971) (voucher ID: BISH 80634)
Taxon name on voucher: Licuala grandis H. Wendland
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Anuta Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1971) (voucher ID: BISH 699241)
Taxon name on voucher: Licuala grandis H. Wendland
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Ndeni (Santa Cruz) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1971) (voucher ID: BISH 79377)
Taxon name on voucher: Licuala grandis H. Wendland
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Ndeni (Santa Cruz) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1971) (voucher ID: BISH 79378)
Taxon name on voucher: Licuala grandis H. Wendland
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Ndeni (Santa Cruz) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1971) (voucher ID: BISH 699240)
Taxon name on voucher: Licuala grandis H. Wendland
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of) native
McCurrach, J. C. (1960)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 55)
Cultivated only

Comments:  Isolated patches but potentially invasive in French Polynesia.


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 18 MAY 2013.