Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Leucaena leucocephala
(Lam.) de Wit, Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results: 

Reject, score: 11 (Go to the risk assessment (Australia)).
High risk, score: 15 (Go to the risk assessment (Pacific)).
Reject, score: 21 (Go to the risk assessment (U.S.)).
Reject, score: 21 (Go to the risk assessment (U.S. (Florida))).
Risk assessment from the Government of Queensland, Australia (PDF format).
Leucaena leucocephala cv. 'KX2-Hawaii' ((L. pallida x L. leucocephala ssp. glabrata):  Evaluate, score: 3 (Go to the risk assessment (Pacific)).
Leucaena leucocephala cv. 'Wondergraze' (( L. leucocephala ssp. glabrata):  High risk, score: 7 (Go to the risk assessment (Pacific)).
Leucaena leucocephala
var. 'Tarramba':  High risk, score: 10 (Go to the risk assessment (Pacific)).

Other Latin names:  Acacia glauca Willd.; Leucaena glauca auct.; Mimosa leucocephala Lam.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chamorro: talntangan, tangan-tangan, tangantangan, tangantangan

Chinese: yin he huan

English: coffee bush, false koa, hedge acacia, horse tamarind, ipil-ipil, jumbay, jumbie bean, lead tree, leucaena, sneakytree, vi-vi, white popinac, wild mimosa, wild tamarind

Fijian: vaivai, vaivai dina, vaivai ni vavalangi

French: cassi, faux acacia, faux mimosa, graines de lin, l'acacie, mimosa, tamarin cheval

Hawaiian: ēkoa, haole koa, koa haole, lilikoa

Hindi: balori

I-Kiribati: te kai tetua, te kaitetua

Kosraean: rohbohtin, tuhngantuhngan

Maori (Cook Islands): mara‘inu, marainu, nītō

Marquesan: atiku

Marshallese: tangan tangan, tangan-tangan

Nauruan: bin

Niuean: pepe, tavahi kaku

Other: cassis, namas

Palauan: tangutang, telengtungd, telentund

Pohnpeian: dangandangan, tangantangan

Rapa Nui: kete kete

Rotuman: lepolepo, lipolipo

Samoan: fua pepe, fua pepe, lopa Samoa, lusina, lusina

Spanish: guaje, huaxin, ipel ipel, tamarindo silvestre, uaxim

Tongan: siale mohemohe

Yapese: ganitnityuwan, tangantan

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Shrub or small tree, up to 5 (rarely 10) m tall; leaves bipinnate, to 25 cm long; pinnae about 5 (4-9) pairs, up to 8-10 cm long; leaflets about 12 (11-17) pairs, about (7-) 9-12 mm long, 2-3.5 (-4) mm wide, opposite, lanceolate, acute; somewhat dull, grayish-green; flowers in globose, pedunculate heads, to nearly 3 cm thick; peduncles to 5-6 cm long; corolla and stamens white; calyx 2.5 mm long; petals linear; stamens 10, nearly 1 cm long, anthers hairy; ovary faintly pubescent at apex; pods clustered, linear, flat, 10-15 (-20) cm long, 1.8-2 cm wide, dark brown, beaked at apex, with about 20 (1825) seeds, these glossy brown, oval-oblong, flat, 6 mm long" (Stone, 1970; pp. 299-300).

"Petit arbre entre 2 et 6 m de hauteur, pouvant dépasser 10 m, reconnaissable à ses feuilles bipennées, ses inflorescences (glomérules) de petites fleurs blanches, ses gousses brunes, applaties et pendantes" (Meyer, 2008; p. 24).

Habitat/ecology:  "Coastal heath- and scrubland.  This palnt is evergreen unless moisture is limited seasonally.  The shrub forms extensive and dense thickets displacing the original vegetation and reducing species richness.  The tree is deep-rooted and the taproot may grow rapidly, e.g. more than 2 m in 1-year-old plants.  It is a nitrogen-fixing species that increases soil fertility levels"  (Weber, 2003; p. 234).  "This thornless tree forms dense thickets, excluding all plants. It is grown for fodder, but unless severely grazed or controlled, it spreads rampantly throughout adjacent areas" (C.W. Smith, 1985; p. 193).  Generally favors limestone soils (although seems to do well on volcanic soils on Tahiti) and disturbed areas and is found in dry to mesic habitats up to 700 m.  It was deliberately broadcast on several war-disturbed islands after World War II. It also grows in severely disturbed wet areas but not as a dominant species. 

In Fiji, "abundantly naturalized from near sea level to about 800 m along roadsides, in cultivated areas and in pastures, on dry river banks or open gravel banks in forest, often forming dense thickets"  (A.C. Smith, 1985; pp. 63-65).  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized and very common, sometimes forming the dominant element of the vegetation, in low elevation, dry, disturbed habitats, 0-350m" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 679-680). In New Caledonia, "couvre en fourrés denses monospécifiques des superficies importantes notamment sur la côte Ouest en régions sédimentaires ou basaltiques. Bien que riche en protéines son rôle comme fourrage n'est pas très important. Par contre, il a une valeur réelle contre l'érosion et en améliorant le sol. Il est peu commun en terrain serpentineux, où il reste rabougri et mal venu" (MacKee, 1994; p. 78). "Couvre en fourrés denses monospécifiques des superficies importantes en régions sédimentaires ou basaltiques, notamment sur la côte Ouest où avec la savane à niaoulis ils constituent l'essentiel du paysage" (Gargominy et al., 1996; p. 381).

Propagation:  Prolific seed producer.  It grows easily from seeds.  The seeds are dispersed by rodents and granivorous birds and can also be spread in cattle manure. It regrows from cut stumps and it can be grown from cuttings. It regenerates rapidly from basal shoots after fire.  New seedlings often rapidly re-establish stands after fire or other disturbance (C.W. Smith, 1985; p. 193).

Native range:  Belize, Guatemala and Mexico; cultivated and naturalized (GRIN). Through introductions now virtually pan-tropical. Widely planted and seeded in the Pacific region.

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 5)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 160)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1990) (p. 6)
Vouchers cited: Whistler 3483, Whistler 3792
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island introduced
Ragone, Diane/Lorence, David H. (2003) (p. 51)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 430475)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 35369)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 5)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 160)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 5)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 160)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1990) (p. 6)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9108
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1945) (p. 41)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9108 (BISH)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1939) (voucher ID: BISH 154883)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena latisiliqua (L.) Gillis & Stearn
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 5)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 160)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1939) (voucher ID: BISH 154882)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena latisiliqua (L.) Gillis & Stearn
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Norfolk Islands
Norfolk Island introduced
invasive
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 173)
Chile (offshore islands)
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island (Isla de Pasqua) introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2008) (pp. 24, 29)
"Nous avons observée des petites populations ou des individus isolés (Hanga Roa, Anakena, Rano Kau) et des fourrés denses en bordure de route (Mataveri, dans la zone clôturée autour de l’aéroport). L’espèce serait contrôlée par le surpâturage et pourrait exploser avec la diminution del‘élevage (Butaud, 2005)" (Meyer, 2008; p. 24).
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 28)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 2188 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Aguijan (Agiguan, Aguihan) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1952) (voucher ID: BISH 154907)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Farallon de Medinilla (Marpi, Medinilla) Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Farallon de Medinilla (Marpi, Medinilla) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1996) (voucher ID: BISH 646901)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 28)
Voucher cited: Moore 339 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1977) (p. 29)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 3015 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 154910)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1966) (voucher ID: BISH 660316)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 101)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 154912)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 154913)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 28)
Voucher cited: Evans 2407 (US, BISH, Fo, NY)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1966) (voucher ID: BISH 659793)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1966) (voucher ID: PTBG 23142)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1952) (voucher ID: BISH 154908)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 154911)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll introduced
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 7)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 7)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 7)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 88)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 7)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 154892)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
ssp. glabrata
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
ssp. glabrata
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
ssp. glabrata
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
ssp. glabrata
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
ssp. glabrata
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Fefan Island introduced
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Mazawa, Thomas R. (2000) (p. 28)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor (Núkúnooch) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor (Núkúnooch) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 154920)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Tol Island introduced
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Mazawa, Thomas R. (2000) (p. 28)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Mazawa, Thomas R. (2000) (p. 28)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1965) (voucher ID: PTBG 23991)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 90)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 17)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Josekutty, P. C./Wakuk, E. E./Joseph, M. J. (2002) (p. 63)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 154918)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 90)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Glassman, S. F. (1952) (p. 78)
Voucher cited: Glassman 2771 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 94)
Vouchers cited: M.J. Balick 3901 (NY), S.F. Glassman 2771 (BISH)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 154919)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Satawal Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Satawal Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R. (1969) (p. 8)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 46922 (US)
One seedling found in forest.
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 90)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1948) (voucher ID: BISH 154914)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 154915)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 659792)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kandavu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 63-65)
Voucher cited: Smith 252
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kandavu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1933) (voucher ID: BISH 154925)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Koro Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 63-65)
Voucher cited: Smith 1027
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Koro Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1934) (voucher ID: BISH 154924)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lakemba Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 63-65)
Voucher cited: Garnock-Jones 942
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Rotuma Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1938) (voucher ID: BISH 618749)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 63-65)
Voucher cited: Gillespie 4691
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1928) (voucher ID: BISH 154922)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 63-65)
Vouchers cited: Tothill 131a, DA 10520, DA 10759
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1925) (voucher ID: BISH 154923)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Mbalavu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 63-65)
Voucher cited: DA 10214
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 63-65)
Vouchers cited: Greenwood 215, Smith 4730, Smith 6041, DA 11324, Smith 9062, Damanu 44, Greenwood 215A, DA 11912, DA 9947, Seeman 141, DA 12234
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1960) (voucher ID: BISH 14450)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1959) (voucher ID: BISH 32858)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1960) (voucher ID: BISH 32859)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 154926)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 154928)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1940) (voucher ID: BISH 154929)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 154930)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Yasawas Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 63-65)
Voucher cited: St. John 18079
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Yasawas Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1937) (voucher ID: BISH 154927)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Eiao Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J.-C. Thibault 1008 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Eiao Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1988) (voucher ID: BISH 601634)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 4192 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 555118)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 41005)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 12025 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1993) (voucher ID: BISH 658471)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 154)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence & R. Tahuaitu 11738 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 154)
Voucher cited: BRY 25429
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1987) (p. 37)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 64858 (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 614930)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 154)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mopelia (Mapetia, Maupiha‘a, Maupihoa, Mopiha‘a) Atoll introduced
invasive
Sachet, M.-H. (1983) (p. 28)
Voucher cited: Sachet 920 (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mopelia (Mapetia, Maupiha‘a, Maupihoa, Mopiha‘a) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: M.-H. Sachet 920 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 154)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 3494 (PAP)
Naturalisée, Menace pour la biodiversité
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 491659)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 154)
Vouchers cited: BRY 24844, BRY 25990
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 2284 (PAP)
Naturalisée. Menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 493012)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tetiaroa Atoll introduced
cultivated
Sachet, M.-H./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 64)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tupai Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 154)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tupai Island introduced
invasive
Sachet, M.-H. (1983) (p. 18)
Voucher cited: Sachet 1988 (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tupai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: M.-H. Sachet 1988 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Fangataufa (Ahunui) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 664030)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 2994 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 492823)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 493282)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Niau Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10148 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Niau Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1990) (voucher ID: BISH 633864)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Rangiroa (Rairoa) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: M.-H. Sachet 1355 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Raro‘ia Atoll introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Fourdrigniez, Marie (2008) (p. 14)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Tikehau (Tikahau) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 7009 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5747 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 6168 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 552835)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (pp. 299-300)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 95)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1968) (voucher ID: BISH 22998)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1918) (voucher ID: BISH 154902)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1911) (voucher ID: BISH 154903)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (year unknown) (voucher ID: BISH 154904)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 154909)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1964) (voucher ID: BISH 660317)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1998) (voucher ID: PTBG 34623)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 679-680)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaho‘olawe Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 679-680)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 679-680)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 679-680)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 679-680)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 679-680)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Ni‘ihau Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 679-680)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 679-680)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
invasive
Toyoda, Takeshi (2003) (p. 283)
Naturalized
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Kiritimati (Christmas) Atoll   Chock, Alvin K./Hamilton, Jr., Dean C. (1962) (p. 4)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 13249 (BISH)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Kiritimati (Christmas) Atoll introduced
invasive
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 24)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Tabuaeran (Fanning) Atoll introduced
invasive
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 24)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Teraina (Washington) Island introduced
invasive
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 24)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Teraina (Washington) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1964) (voucher ID: BISH 51302)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Kiribati
Line Islands
Teraina (Washington) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 602831)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Kiribati
Line Islands
Teraina (Washington) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 602832)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Kiribati
Phoenix Islands
Kanton Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Stoddart, D. R. (1994) (p. 28)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 30881 (US), Degener & Hateway 21296, Luomala 3, Clapp P-71-14 (US)
Introduced with soil and persisting.
Kiribati
Phoenix Islands
Kanton Island introduced
Luomala, Katharine (1951) (p. 172)
Voucher cited: Luomala 3
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Abemama Atoll introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 10)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Abemama Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (2003) (voucher ID: BISH 697759)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Butaritari Atoll introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 10)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 10)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Bikini (Pikinni) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R. (1988) (p. 12)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Bikini (Pikinni) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 659668)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ebon (Epoon) Atoll   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ebon (Epoon) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 421933)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Enewetak (Ãnewetak, Eniwetok) Atoll introduced
invasive
Lamberson, J. O. (1982) (p. 31)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Enewetak (Ãnewetak, Eniwetok) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1975) (voucher ID: BISH 404909)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Enewetak (Ãnewetak, Eniwetok) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1975) (voucher ID: BISH 583826)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1962) (p. 20)
Voucher cited: Lyman 8 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 154897)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 54)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 31176, Whistler 11219
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
invasive
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 11)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 31176 (US)
Persisting after cultivation.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Namorik (Namdik) Atoll   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Ailuk (Aelok) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Ailuk (Aelok) Atoll introduced
invasive
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 11)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 33972 (US)
Persisting after cultivation.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Ailuk (Aelok) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1951) (voucher ID: BISH 154900)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2007) (p. 8)
"Uncommon; small stands by road near old R&D farm in Arno village, evidence of efforts made to cut trees down".
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Likiep Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Likiep Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1959) (p. 5)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 36636 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Likiep Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1956) (voucher ID: BISH 154898)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 108)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1988) (voucher ID: BISH 606400)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Mejit (Mãjej) Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Mejit (Mãjej) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 422026)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Utirik (Utrik, Utrõk) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Utirik (Utrik, Utrõk) Atoll introduced
invasive
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 11)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 33669 (US)
Persisting after cultivation.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Utirik (Utrik, Utrõk) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1951) (voucher ID: BISH 154899)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Utirik (Utrik, Utrõk) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 423087)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Wotje (Wõjjã) Atoll introduced
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2009) (p. 1)
Voucher cited: Vander Velde 0513200907
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 99)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
invasive
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (pp. 149-150)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 58638 (US), Scully 161N (US), Thaman & Manner 9 (SUVA), Swarbrick 9564 (BRIU)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1978) (voucher ID: BISH 438324)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Lifou introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 78)
Voucher cited: MacKee 5239
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Îles Ouvéa (Ouvea Atoll) introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 78)
Voucher cited: Däniker 2013a
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Walpole introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 78)
Hmakone & Sam in MacKee 25853
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 99)
"Dry forests, savannas"
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands introduced
invasive
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 381)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 78)
Vouchers cited: Pancher 6834, Baudouin 372 s.loc., Balansa 313, Schlechter 14737, Franc 681, MacKee 37661
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 10867)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 698044)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île des Pins (Isle of Pines) introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 78)
Voucher cited: Denizot s.n.
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 122)
Voucher cited: CHR 168726
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 25)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 5)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A./Atherton, J. (1997) (p. 35)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (pp. 58-59)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9780 (BISH)
"Occasional in thickets on the lower terrace near the sea".
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 9)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 88)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 11)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 85)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 11)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1981) (voucher ID: BNM 3018)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) deWit
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 81)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 11)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 154917)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (2007) (voucher ID: BNM 4490)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1966) (voucher ID: BNM 465)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1967) (voucher ID: BNM 867)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 81)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 11)
Voucher: Lorence 9711 (PTBG, BNM, NY, US, BISH)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2008) (voucher ID: PTBG 4)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngercheu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Carp Resort
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 81)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 11)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 90)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 11)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngerchong Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngerchong Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 11)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 94)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago introduced
cultivated
Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 210)
Ornamental plant in the gardens of the natives.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)   Waterhouse, D. F. (1997) (p. 62)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 250)
In the settled areas at low and medium altitudes, locally gregarious and abundant.
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 103)
"Gardens".
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Paulay, Gustav/Spencer, T./Oliver, Royce (1989) (p. 13)
Voucher cited: Paulay, Spencer & Schuster 665 (US)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 7)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1973) (voucher ID: BISH 417652)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 7)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1968) (voucher ID: BISH 28714)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena latisiliqua (L.) Gillis & Stearn
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1968) (voucher ID: BISH 28948)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena latisiliqua (L.) Gillis & Stearn
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
New Georgia Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 416663)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
Whitmore, T. C. (1969) (p. 261)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 85)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
Shine, C./Reaser, J. K./Gutierrez, A. T., eds. (2003) (p. 166)
Moderate invader.
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Ha‘afeva Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 640312)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Ha‘ano Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 73)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Lifuka and Foa Islands introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 73)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Nomuka Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (pp. 129-130)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15851
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
‘Uiha Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 73)
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (pp. 129-130)
"Throughout Tonga".
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 61)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (pp. 129-130)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15625
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 154877)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 54)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 30)
Voucher cited: Soakai 826
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (pp. 129-130)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15013
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1926) (voucher ID: BISH 154880)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1960) (voucher ID: BISH 154881)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1959) (voucher ID: BISH 403402)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1959) (voucher ID: BISH 698043)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 67)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (pp. 129-130)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 16145
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 154876)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena glauca
Tuvalu
Tuvalu (Ellis) Islands
Tuvalu Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 93)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Midway Atoll introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 679-680)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Sand Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd (2008) (pp. B-10)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Palmyra Atoll
Palmyra Atoll introduced
invasive
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 24)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Palmyra Atoll
Palmyra Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 573549)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Wake Islands
Wake Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 93)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Wake Islands
Wake Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1969) (p. 10)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Wake Islands
Wake Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1993) (voucher ID: BISH 633246)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Wake Islands
Wake Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1994) (voucher ID: BISH 659970)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 106)
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Shine, C./Reaser, J. K./Gutierrez, A. T., eds. (2003) (p. 179)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (pp. 10, 35)
Il forme des fourrés très denses en bordure de route et sur certains bords de mer. Son expansion peut être favorisée par des perturbations de la végétation, notamment les incendies.
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis and Futuna Islands   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 25)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis and Futuna Islands introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 107)
Secondary vegetation.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory introduced
invasive
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 173)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory introduced
invasive
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 173)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Cultivated and naturalized in Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Gui-zhou, Hainan, Yunnan.
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 132)
Cultivated and naturalized. On margins of forests.
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
West Papua Province (Indonesia) (western New Guinea Island) (formerly Irian Jaya) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
invasive
Cronk, Q. C. B./Fuller, J. L. (2001) (p. 165)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 184)
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 54)
Naturalised
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Cultivated and naturalized".
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Swarbrick, J. T. (1997) (pp. 43-44, 118)
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1993) (p. 37)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Chagos Archipelago introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Topp, J. M. W. (1988) (p. 6)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island   Stoddart, D. R./Taylor, J. D., eds. (1971) (p. 151)
Voucher cited: Stoddart 861 (K, US)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. Arthur (1996) (p. 28)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1995) (voucher ID: PTBG 37929)
Taxon name on voucher: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Comoros
Comoro Islands
Anjouan (Nzwani) Island introduced
invasive
Vos, P. (2004) (p. 6)
Comoros
Comoro Islands
Comoro Islands introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Comoros
Comoro Islands
Grande Comore (Njazidja) Island introduced
invasive
Vos, P. (2004) (p. 6)
Comoros
Comoro Islands
Mohéli (Mwali) Island introduced
invasive
Vos, P. (2004) (p. 6)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
MacDonald, I. A. W./Thebaud, C./Strahm, W. A./Strasberg, D. (1991) (pp. 51-61)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Très envahissant"
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Kueffer, C./Lavergne, C. (2004) (p. 4)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Baret, Stephane/Rouget, Mathieu/Richardson, David M./Lavergne, Christophe/Egoh, Benis/Dupont, Joel/Strasberg, Dominique (2006) (p. 758)
India (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Andaman Islands
Andaman Islands introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
India (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Nicobar Islands
Nicobar Islands introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Maldive Islands introduced
invasive
Pallawatta, Nirmalie/Reaser, Jamie K./Gutierrez, Alixis T./eds. (2003) (p. 62)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
invasive
Kueffer, C./Mauremootoo, J. (2004) (p. 6)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Rodrigues Island introduced
invasive
Kueffer, C./Mauremootoo, J. (2004) (p. 6)
French Territory of Mayotte
Mayotte Islands
Mayotte Island introduced
invasive
Vos, P. (2004) (p. 6)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Agalega Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Stoddart, D. R. (1983) (p. 124)
Voucher cited: Stoddart 7250 (US)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Coetivy Island   Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 150)
Voucher cited: Roberston 3132 (K)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
D'Arros Island   Stoddart, D. R./Coe, M. J./Fosberg, F. R. (1979) (p. 22)
Vouchers cited: Gwynne & Wood 919 (EA), Gwynne & Wood 1016 (EA), Stoddart 7210 (US)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Frégate Island   Robertson, S. A./Todd, D. M. (1983) (p. 52)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Groupe d'Aldabra introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Marie-Louise Island   Wilson, J. R. (1983) (p. 192)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Platte Island   Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 161)
Voucher cited: Robertson 3005 (K)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Poivre Island   Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 171)
Voucher cited: Robertson 2330 (K)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands introduced
invasive
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
St. Joseph Island   Stoddart, D. R./Coe, M. J./Fosberg, F. R. (1979) (p. 45)
Voucher cited: Stoddart 7173 (US)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Texas
Naturalized
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
invasive
Cronk, Q. C. B./Fuller, J. L. (2001) (p. 165)

Comments:  Leucaena has been widely planted and seeded throughout the Pacific and is among the most prevalent invasive species. A serious problem in Tonga.

Planting of this species is prohibited in Miami-Dade County, Florida (U.S.) (Hunsberger, 2001).

Eradication project planned for the island of Santa Cruz, Galápagos Islands (Chris Buddenhagen, pers. com.).

Control: 

Physical:  "Good forage in dry pastures but its toxicity is somewhat of a problem and it grows out of reach of livestock and shades out the understory.  Goats will control koa haole (An Peischel)" (Motooka et al., 2003).  "Difficult to control mechanically because the roots break when pulled"  (Englberger, 2009; p. 26).

"La lutte mécanique est possible sur de grandes surfaces planes (gyrobroyage)" (Meyer, 2008; p. 24).

Chemical: "Sensitive to foliar-applied triclopyr. Susceptible to soil applied tebuthiuron at 2 lb/acre and to cut-surface applications of picloram. Dicamba ineffective in cut-surface applications. Triclopyr ester applied basal bark and stump bark effective, 2,4-D in diesel and sometimes diesel alone effective in basal bark treatments" (Motooka et al., 2003).

"Triclopyr (Garlon 4) can be used as foliar application on young plants.  For older plants undiluted Garlon 4 can be applied to the cut stem"  (Englberger, 2009; p. 26).

"La lutte manuelle (arrachage des plantules) associée à un traitement chimique (triclopyr ou dicamba) sur souches d’arbres coupés ou par injection dans les troncs est réalisable sur de petites surfaces" (Meyer, 2008; p. 24).

Biological: An insect, the leucaena psyllid (Heterophylla cubana), damages but does not eliminate the plant. For a list of pests of leucaena, see the Ecoport web site.

"Heteropsylla cubana, the leucaena psyllid was discovered in Hawaii in 1984. This psyllid was causing extensive defoliation of Leucaena leucocephala. Ranchers who relied on leucaena as fodder in marginal lands were concerned, and the Hawaii Department of Agriculture initiated a search for natural enemies of the psyllid in Trinidad and Tobago. Conservationists who considered leucaena a pest initially objected to efforts to control the psyllid, but as leucaena stands opened up, broomsedge (Andropogon virginicus) invaded the understory. Broomsedge provided fuel for more intense and extensive wildfires which threatened remaining pockets of native vegetation in lowland mesic areas. Eventually, opposition to control of the leucaena psyllid weakened, and Psyllaephagus yaseeni, a nymphal parasite of the psyllid, was released in Hawaii in 1987 and 1988"  (Smith et al., 2002).

Additional information:
At the Woody Plant Ecology web site.
Excerpt from the book "Weeds of Hawaii‘s Pastures and Natural Areas; An Identification and Management Guide" (Motooka et al., 2003). (PDF format).
Information from the Purdue University NewCROP web site.
Information from the World Agroforestry Centre's AgroForestryTree Database.
Information from the Global Invasive Species Database.
Fact sheet from "Common forest trees of Hawaii" (PDF format).
Fact sheet from the Government of Queensland, Australia. (PDF format).
Fact sheet from "Wildland shrubs of the United States and its territories: thamnic descriptions" (PDF format).
Photo and additional information at the University of Guam "Plants of Guam" web site.
Article from "Wildland Weeds".
Information from the USDA Tropical Tree Seed Manual (PDF format).

Additional online information about Leucaena leucocephala is available from the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Information about Leucaena leucocephala as a weed (worldwide references) may be available from the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Taxonomic information about Leucaena leucocephala may be available from the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).

References:

Australian Biological Resources Study. 2013. Flora of Australia Online. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.

Australian National Botanic Gardens. 2013. Australian plant common name database. Online resource.

Baret, Stephane/Rouget, Mathieu/Richardson, David M./Lavergne, Christophe/Egoh, Benis/Dupont, Joel/Strasberg, Dominique. 2006. Current distribution and potential extent of the most invasive alien plant species on La Réunion (Indian Ocean, Mascarene islands). Austral Ecology (2006) 31, 747-758.

Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.). 1966. Voucher specimen #BNM465(Cheatham 29).

Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.). 1967. Voucher specimen #BNM867(Blackburn, B. 133).

Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.). 1981. Voucher specimen #BNM3018(Timberlake, J. 3018).

Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.). 2007. Voucher specimen #BNM4490(Balick et al. 4490).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 0. Voucher specimen #BISH 154904 (Thompson, J.B. 335).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1911. Voucher specimen #BISH 154903 (McGregor, R.C. 455).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1918. Voucher specimen #BISH 154902 (Nelson, P. 43).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1925. Voucher specimen #BISH 154923 (Tothill, J.D. 131a).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1926. Voucher specimen #BISH 154880 (Setchell, W.A. 15363).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1928. Voucher specimen #BISH 154922 (Gillespie, J.W. 4691).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1929. Voucher specimen #BISH 154892 (Wilder, G.P. 1001).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1933. Voucher specimen #BISH 154925 (Smith, A.C. 252).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1934. Voucher specimen #BISH 154924 (Smith, A.C. 1027).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1936. Voucher specimen #BISH 154915 (Takamatsu, M. 1866).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1937. Voucher specimen #BISH 154927 (St.John, H. 18079).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1938. Voucher specimen #BISH 618749 (St.John, H. 19342).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1939. Voucher specimen #BISH 154882 (Yuncker, T.G. 9395).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1939. Voucher specimen #BISH 154883 (Yuncker, T.G. 9108).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1940. Voucher specimen #BISH 154929 (Degener, O. 13501).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1946. Voucher specimen #BISH 154897 (Lyman, R.K. 8).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1946. Voucher specimen #BISH 154909 (Fosberg, F.R. 25413).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1946. Voucher specimen #BISH 154910 (Fosberg, F.R. 25066).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1946. Voucher specimen #BISH 154911 (Fosberg, F.R. 24881).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1946. Voucher specimen #BISH 154912 (Fosberg, F.R. 25173).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1946. Voucher specimen #BISH 154913 (Hosaka, E.Y. 2978).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1946. Voucher specimen #BISH 421933 (St.John, H. 22198).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1946. Voucher specimen #BISH 422026 (St.John, H. 21970).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1946. Voucher specimen #BISH 423087 (St.John, H. 21871).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1947. Voucher specimen #BISH 154926 (Smith, A.C. 6041).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1947. Voucher specimen #BISH 154928 (Smith, A.C. 4730).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1948. Voucher specimen #BISH 154914 (Wong, C.C.Y. 438).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1949. Voucher specimen #BISH 10867 (Bryan Jr, E.H. 1573).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1949. Voucher specimen #BISH 154918 (Glassman, S.F. 2717).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1949. Voucher specimen #BISH 154919 (Glassman, S.F. 2771).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1949. Voucher specimen #BISH 698044 (Bryan Jr, E.H. 1573).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1950. Voucher specimen #BISH 154917 (Fosberg, F.R. 32051).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1950. Voucher specimen #BISH 154920 (Anderson, D. 2064).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1951. Voucher specimen #BISH 154899 (Fosberg, F.R. 33669).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1951. Voucher specimen #BISH 154900 (Fosberg, F.R. 33972).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1952. Voucher specimen #BISH 154907 (Kondo, Y.; collector's voucher number unknown).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1952. Voucher specimen #BISH 154908 (Kondo, Y. 14).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1953. Voucher specimen #BISH 154876 (Yuncker, T.G. 16145).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1953. Voucher specimen #BISH 154877 (Yuncker, T.G. 15625).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1953. Voucher specimen #BISH 154930 (Smith, A.C. 9062).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1956. Voucher specimen #BISH 154898 (Fosberg, F.R. 36636).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1959. Voucher specimen #BISH 32858 (Pillay, S. 11912).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1959. Voucher specimen #BISH 403402 (Soakai, E. 826).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1959. Voucher specimen #BISH 698043 (Soakai, E. 826).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1960. Voucher specimen #BISH 14450 (Pillay 12234).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1960. Voucher specimen #BISH 32859 (Pillay 12234).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1960. Voucher specimen #BISH 154881 (Hotta, M. 4567).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1964. Voucher specimen #BISH 51302 (Long, C.R. 1831).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1964. Voucher specimen #BISH 660317 (Whiting, M.G. 306).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1966. Voucher specimen #BISH 659793 (Evans, M. 2407).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1966. Voucher specimen #BISH 660316 (Evans, M. 1970).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1968. Voucher specimen #BISH 22998 (Cushing-Falanruw, M.V. 909).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1968. Voucher specimen #BISH 28714 (Bristol, M.L. 2181).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1968. Voucher specimen #BISH 28948 (Bristol, M.L. 2423).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1973. Voucher specimen #BISH 417652 (Whistler, W.A. W 955).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1975. Voucher specimen #BISH 404909 (Bryan Jr, E.H. 1678).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1975. Voucher specimen #BISH 583826 (Bryan Jr, E.H. 1678).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1976. Voucher specimen #BISH 416663 (Krauss, N.L.H. 1423).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1976. Voucher specimen #BISH 430475 (Whistler, W.A. W3792).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1978. Voucher specimen #BISH 438324 (Fosberg, F.R. 58638).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1980. Voucher specimen #BISH 659792 (Fosberg, F.R. 59984).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1982. Voucher specimen #BISH 491659 (Florence, J. 3494).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1982. Voucher specimen #BISH 492823 (Florence, J. 2994).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1982. Voucher specimen #BISH 493012 (Florence, J. 2284).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1982. Voucher specimen #BISH 493282 (Florence, J. 2994).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1982. Voucher specimen #BISH 555118 (Florence, J. 4192).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1982. Voucher specimen #BISH 640312 (G.Buelow 3215).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1983. Voucher specimen #BISH 552835 (Florence, J. 6168).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1983. Voucher specimen #BISH 602831 (L.Wester 2214 (1)).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1983. Voucher specimen #BISH 602832 (L.Wester 2214 (1)).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1985. Voucher specimen #BISH 614930 (Fosberg, F.R. 64858).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1985. Voucher specimen #BISH 659668 (Fosberg, F.R. 65197).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1987. Voucher specimen #BISH 573549 (Herbst, D.R. 8863).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1987. Voucher specimen #BISH 664030 (Jolinon, J.C. 1250).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1988. Voucher specimen #BISH 601634 (J.Florence 9317).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1988. Voucher specimen #BISH 606400 (Herbst, D.R. 9207).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1990. Voucher specimen #BISH 633864 (Florence 10148).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1993. Voucher specimen #BISH 633246 (E.J.Funk Wake 13).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1993. Voucher specimen #BISH 658471 (Florence 12025).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1994. Voucher specimen #BISH 659970 (Herbst, D.R. 9679).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1996. Voucher specimen #BISH 646901 (Whistler, W.A. 10308).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 2003. Voucher specimen #BISH 697759 (C.Imada 2003-147).

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Waterhouse, D. F. 1997. The major invertebrate pests and weeds of agriculture and plantation forestry in the Southern and Western Pacific. The Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra. 93 pp.

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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 18 MAY 2013.