Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Lathyrus tingitanus
L., Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Tangier Scarlet Pea, Tangier-pea

French: gesse de Tanger

Spanish: almorta tangerina

Habit:  herb

Description:  In Hawai‘i, "apparnetly cultivated as a forage plant and now at least sparingly naturalized along roadsides and in pastures, 915-1,220 m, Olinda, Maui"  (Wagner et al., p. 678).  In New Zealand: "Waste places, coastal cliffs, sands and gravels.  Tangier pea forms extensive patches in some areas and may be found growing with L. latifolius.  These 2 common spp. are easily distinguished when flowering and may also be told apart when fruiting as the seeds of Tangier pea are smooth and have a short hilum. Plants of Tangier pea germinating and flowering late in the season may be much more slender, and have narrow stem wings, smaller leaves with indistinct parallel veins, and short peduncles"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 655).

Habitat/ecology:  In New Zealand: "Waste places, coastal cliffs, sands and gravels.  Tangier pea forms extensive patches in some areas and may be found growing with L. latifolius.  These 2 common spp. are easily distinguished when flowering and may also be told apart when fruiting as the seeds of Tangier pea are smooth and have a short hilum. Plants of Tangier pea germinating and flowering late in the season may be much more slender, and have narrow stem wings, smaller leaves with indistinct parallel veins, and short peduncles"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 655).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Canary and Madeira Islands, Morocco, northern Algeria, Portugal, Spain, Sardinia; cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 488, 534, 555)
Voucher cited: Danton I(5/218)1563. "En RC, se encuentra en via de naturalización en el pueblo de San Juan Bautista.".
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 678)
East Maui. Voucher cited: Hobdy 2409 (BISH)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia
Naturalised
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Canada (British Colombia)
Province of British Columbia
Canada (British Columbia) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Costa Rica (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 655)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Washington) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Nevada, Utah


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This page was created on 11 FEB 2011 and was last updated on 17 MAY 2013.