Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Kalanchoe pinnata
(Lam.) Pers., Crassulaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Reject, score: 16 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Bryophyllum calycinum Salisb.; Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken; Crassula pinnata L. f.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chamorro: siempre-viva

Chinese: lao di sheng gen

Chuukese: peekoonia

English: air plant, Canterbury bells, cathedral bells, curtainplant, floppers, good-luck-leaf, life plant, Mexican love plant, miracle plant, miracle-leaf, mother-in-law, mother-of-thousands, resurrection plant, tree-of-life

Fijian: bulatawamudu, thakamana, thakomana

French: gros pourpier clochette, herbe tortue, kalanchoé penné, mangé-tortue, soudefafe

Hawaiian: ‘oliwa ku kahakai

I-Kiribati: te ang

Maori (Cook Islands): ngāngā‘ere toka

Marshallese: jemata, kibilia

Mokilese: lamalam

Niuean: akau tupu he lau, tupu he lau, tupu noa

Other: glou-glou

Pingelapan: seh lamelan

Samoan: mimiti, pagi

Spanish: hoja del aire

Tongan: pipi vao, ta‘e kosi

Tuvaluan: luna

Habit:  succulent

Description:  "Glabrous, ± glaucous perennial herbs; stems hollow, 5-20 dm long, rarely branched, producing vegetatively by adventitious shoots from base.  Lower and uppermost leaves simple, the middle ones usually pinnately compound with 3-5 leaflets, opposite, blades flat, elliptic, 5-20 cm long, 2-10 cm wide, margins crenate, sometimes producing bulbils, petioles 2-10 cm long.  Flowers in paniculate cymes 20-80 cm long, each one pendent on pedicels 1-2.5 cm long; sepals pale yellow, streaked with red, connate, cylindrical, inflated and papery, the tube 2.5-4.5 cm long, the lobes ca 1 cm long; corolla 3-6 cm long, the exserted part maroon, sparsely glandular pubescent"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 568).

"Herbacée crassulescente atteignant 2 m de hauteur, reconnaissable à ses feuilles épaisses, ovales, à marges dentées, à ses inflorescences dressées à fleurs pendantes de couleur verdâtre, jaunâtre ou rougeâtre" (Meyer, 2008; p. 33).

Habitat/ecology:  "Forms dense stands in disturbed mesic and dry natural areas"  (Motooka et al., 2003).  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized and sometimes very abundant in low elevation, dry to mesic, disturbed areas" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 568).  On Guam, "often found naturalized near beaches" (Stone, 1970; p. 291).  In Fiji, "often forming colonies, occurring from near sea level to  an elevation of 550 m as a weed of waste places and cultivated fields and along roadsides, naturalized on rocky coasts and slopes and sometimes in dry forest"  (Smith, 1985; p. 36). In Tonga, "occasional in sandy or rocky areas near the sea" (Yuncker, 1959; p. 123). In New Caledonia, "rare aujourd'hui dans les jardins mais parfois abondamment naturalisé" (MacKee, 1994; p. 272).  "A weedy plant in open rocky places" (Wiggins & Porter, 1971; pp. 559-560). In open, disturbed areas in the arid lowlands and moist uplands of the Galápagos Islands (McMullen, 1999; p. 272).

Propagation:  Vegetatively, from plantlets and bulbils that form along the leaf margins and drop to the ground.

Native range:  Madagascar; also cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (pp. 5, 13)
American Samoa
Swain's Island
Swain's Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A. (1983) (p. 10)
Vouchers cited: Whistler 3410, Bryan 928, Bryan 1360, Diefenderfer 9, Diefenderfer 15, Diefenderfer s.n.
American Samoa
Swain's Island
Swain's Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 430250)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (pp. 5, 12)
Voucher: Flynn 6569 (PTBG)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island invasive
Setchell, William Albert (1924) (pp. 92-93)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1999) (voucher ID: PTBG 290)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island introduced
Pickard, J. (1984) (p. 206)
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 19)
"A garden escape, resistant to desiccation, which forms dense patches; spreading readily by rooting at nodes and also by producing plantlets on leaf margins which drop off and root". Vouchers cited: A.C. Beauglehole 5847 (MEL), A.N. Rodd 3577 (NSW)
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Norfolk Islands
Norfolk Island introduced
invasive
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 569)
Chile (offshore islands)
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island (Isla de Pasqua) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2008) (pp. 33, 42)
"Nous l’avons observée plantée dans les parterres de fleurs de la CONAF à Mataveri et à Orongo (Photo 84), dans les jardins de Hanga Roa, et quelques formations denses en bordure de route à Vaitea et à Vinapu" (Meyer, 2008; p. 33).
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Rakahanga Atoll   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 10)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 10)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 10)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 139982)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll introduced
invasive
cultivated
Manner, H. I./Mallon, E. (1989) (p. 47)
Voucher cited: Manner & Mallon 217 (GUAM)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 15)
Potentially invasive.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Mokil (Mwokil) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Nukuoro Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Nukuoro Atoll   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2005) (voucher ID: PTBG 46118)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pingelap Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Glassman, S. F. (1952) (p. 56)
Vouchers cited: Takamatsu 937 (BISH), Glassman 2798 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 81)
Vouchers cited: M.J. Balick 4256 (NY, PTBG), M.J. Balick 4295 (NY, PTBG), F.R. Fosberg 26189 (BISH), S.F. Glassman 2798 (BISH), H. St. John 21482 (BISH), M. Takamatsu 937 (BISH), Trauernicht 130 (NY, PTBG)
Invasive
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 36)
Voucher cited: Smith, 8109
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 696904)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Thithia Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 36)
Voucher cited: Bryan 561
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Thithia Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1924) (voucher ID: BISH 139992)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Thithia Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1924) (voucher ID: BISH 139993)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 36)
Voucher cited: DA 16878
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1969) (voucher ID: BISH 33759)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 36)
Vouchers cited: DA 14779, Greenwood 782, DA 10270, Tabualewa 15618, DA 11862, H.B.R. Parham 11, DA 11045
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1966) (voucher ID: BISH 33758)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1941) (voucher ID: BISH 139994)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 15)
Voucher cited: St. John 14573 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 7305 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 547483)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 40996)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: S.P. Perlman, K.R. Wood & J.-P. Kautai 15937 (PAP)
Naturalisée. Menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 33)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 89)
Voucher cited: H.M. Smith 39
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1967) (voucher ID: BISH 22332)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 89)
Voucher cited: Moore 781
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5243 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 89)
Voucher cited: Setchell & Parks 71
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 7772 (PAP)
Ornementale commune, rarement subspontanée. Menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 4046 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 491611)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Niau Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10145 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Niau Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1990) (voucher ID: BISH 633910)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Takapoto Atoll introduced
cultivated
Sachet, M-H. (1983) (p. 22)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 5594 (PAP), J. Florence & W.R. Sykes 11262 (PAP), J. Florence & W.R. Sykes 11383 (PAP)
Naturalisée, menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1934) (voucher ID: BISH 404090)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 553153)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 643218)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 644235)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1934) (voucher ID: BISH 405543)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 93)
"Mesic uplands"
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5953 (PAP)
Naturalisée. Menace pour la biodiversité.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1934) (voucher ID: BISH 405550)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1934) (voucher ID: BISH 405551)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1934) (voucher ID: BISH 696922)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 291)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 568)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 568)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 568)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 568)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 568)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 568)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
invasive
Toyoda, Takeshi (2003) (p. 286)
Naturalized
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Japan (offshore islands)
Minami Tori Shima (Marcus) Island
Minami Tori Shima (Marcus) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Tabuaeran (Fanning) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 23)
Persists in abandoned gardens.
Kiribati
Line Islands
Tabuaeran (Fanning) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1972) (voucher ID: BISH 80542)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Kiribati
Line Islands
Tabuaeran (Fanning) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 602671)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Kiribati
Line Islands
Tabuaeran (Fanning) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 602672)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Abemama Atoll introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 9)
Voucher: Imada 2003-167 (BISH 697778)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Abemama Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (2003) (voucher ID: BISH 697778)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Butaritari Atoll introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 9)
Voucher: Imada 2003-51 (BISH 697666)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Butaritari Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (2003) (voucher ID: BISH 697666)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Maiana Atoll introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 9)
Voucher: Imada 2003-95 (BISH 697710)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Maiana Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (2003) (voucher ID: BISH 697710)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tabiteuea Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: Imada 2003-185 (BISH 697796)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1967) (voucher ID: BISH 453044)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe tubiflora (Harv.) Raym.-Hamet
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (2003) (voucher ID: BISH 697796)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ebon (Epoon) Atoll   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ebon (Epoon) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 424124)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1962) (p. 18)
Vouchers cited: St. John 21665 (BISH), Fosberg 26752 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 38914)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 421909)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 100)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll   Anderson, Donald (1951) (p. i)
Voucher cited: Anderson 3732
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 139996)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Likiep Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Likiep Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 10)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 33850 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 86)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Mili (Mile) Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2010) (p. A13)
Uncommon; growing ruderally in one area of Nallo, the name of the area where it was found was "Kiblia" or 'rebellious', the name Fosberg reported for this species from Jaluit. Voucher 0724201011 (BISH, GUAM, PTBG)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 120)
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Îles Ouvéa (Ouvea Atoll) introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 42)
Vouchers cited: Däniker 2865 (Z), MacKee 18878
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Tiga introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 42)
Voucher cited: MacKee 45953
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands introduced
invasive
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 380)
Localement abondante.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 42)
Vouchers cited: Däniker 154 (Z), Mme. Leenhardt s.n. s.loc., Baumann 11523
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île des Pins (Isle of Pines) introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 42)
Voucher cited: MacKee 5019
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R. (1977) (pp. 101-102)
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R./West, C. J. (1996) (p. 459)
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
invasive
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 569)
"Behind beach on volcanic sand and in light shade of forest, forming dense stands on open ground".
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 75)
Vouchers cited: CHR 168851, CHR 168852
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 15)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 34)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Whistler, W. A./Atherton, J. (1997) (p. 30)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (pp. 57-58)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9784 (BISH)
"Introduced but now well established and abundant, especially on coral rocks near the sea".
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 10)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 15, 84)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 15, 79)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 15, 79)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngercheu Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 15, 92)
Carp Resort.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 15, 79)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Presence not verified.
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (pp. 86-87)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 94)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 625527)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1968) (voucher ID: BNM 298)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago cultivated
Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 199)
In gardens of the natives.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 217)
In open settled areas, dry second-growth forests, etc., sometimes planted; locally abundant. Of prehistoric introduction.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 139991)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
invasive
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 52)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Ha‘ano Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 10)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Lifuka and Foa Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 10)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
‘Uiha Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 10)
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 123)
"Throughout Tonga".
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 10)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 10)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 123)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15173
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 139988)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1926) (voucher ID: BISH 139990)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Niuatoputapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 456037)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
Tuvalu
Tuvalu (Ellis) Islands
Nui Atoll   Woodroffe, C. D. (1985) (p. 12)
Voucher cited: Woodroffe 138 (CHR)
Tuvalu
Tuvalu (Ellis) Islands
Tuvalu Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 89)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Sand Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd (2008) (pp. B-10)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Wake Islands
Wake Island introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1959) (p. 14)
Potted plants seen in 1952.
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Wake Islands
Wake Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1969) (p. 9)
Persisting from cultivation.
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Wake Islands
Wake Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1994) (voucher ID: BISH 659999)
Taxon name on voucher: Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (pp. 13, 33)
As Kalanchoe cf. pinnata
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
Declared noxious weed.
Naturalised
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
Queensland Herbarium (2002) (p. 2)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
As Bryophyllum pinnatum (Linnaeus f.) Oken. Cultivated and naturalized. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan.
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 122)
Ornamental; cultivated or naturalized.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Chiapas, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Yucatan
Naturalized
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 52)
Casual
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
As Bryophyllum pinnatum (Linnaeus f.) Oken. Cultivated and naturalized.
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1993) (p. 37)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island   Stoddart, D. R./Taylor, J. D., eds. (1971) (p. 150)
Vouchers cited: Stoddart 763 (K, US), Rhyne 439 (US), Rhyne 660 (US)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. Arthur (1996) (p. 27)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1995) (voucher ID: PTBG 37871)
Taxon name on voucher: Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
MacDonald, I. A. W./Thebaud, C./Strahm, W. A./Strasberg, D. (1991) (pp. 51-61)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Naturalisé/envahissant"
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Addu Atoll   Spicer, R. A./Newberry, D. MacC. (1979) (p. 12)
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Maldive Islands   Fosberg, F. R. (1957) (p. 19)
"Very sparsely through the group".
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Malè Atoll   Fosberg, F. R. (1957) (p. 19)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 36823 (US)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Agalega Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Stoddart, D. R. (1983) (p. 119)
Voucher cited: Stoddart 7243 (US)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Alphonse Island   Robertson, I. A. D./Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 180)
Voucher cited: Robertson 2863 (K)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Coetivy Island   Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 148)
Voucher cited: Robertson 3082 (K)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Cousin Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 26)
"Very abundant almost everywhere in lowlands, especially on old stone walls and in small openings in woods. Voucher cited: Fosberg 52109 (US)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
D'Arros Island   Stoddart, D. R./Coe, M. J./Fosberg, F. R. (1979) (p. 22)
Vouchers cited: Gwynne & Wood 1014 (EA), Stoddart 7187 (US)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Marie-Louise Island   Wilson, J. R. (1983) (p. 190)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Platte Island   Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 160)
Voucher cited: Robertson 3038 (K)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Poivre Island   Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 169)
Voucher cited: Robertson 2350 (K)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
St. Joseph Island   Stoddart, D. R./Coe, M. J./Fosberg, F. R. (1979) (p. 45)
Voucher cited: Stoddart 7135 (US)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized

Comments:  Invasive on Rurutu, French Polynesia (Austral Islands) (Meyer, 2000; p. 93). Naturalized and spreading in forested areas on 'Uiha, Tonga.

Control:  "La lutte manuelle par arrachage des plants et une lutte chimique par traitement des tiges et des feuilles avec un herbicide à base de glyphosate sont réalisables" (Meyer, 2008; p. 33).

Physical:  "Apparently cannot withstand trampling by animals, it thrives in pastures only on rock piles and on fence lines" 

Chemical: "Susceptible to 2,4-D and probably other hormone-type herbicides. Katie Cassel (Kōke‘e Museum) reported effective control with drizzle application of glyphosate at 10% product in water" (Motooka et al., 2003).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 17 MAY 2013.