Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Hyptis mutabilis
(Rich.) Briq., Lamiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Cantinoa mutabilis (Rich.) Harley & J. F. B. Pastore; Nepeta mutabilis Rich.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: tropical bushmint

Spanish: tres filos

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Herbs to 1-2 m, leaves ovate to rhomboid, acute, serrate, truncate-obtuse at base, 6 cm long, 3.5 cm wide, pubescent, petioles up to 2.5 cm long; inflorescences several-flowered verticils, shortly pedunculate, bracts leaflike; flowers with lanceolate pubescent bracteoles 5 mm long; calyx 2-6 mm (ripe), 10-ribbed, toothed; corolla lavender, tube 4-5 mm long, with exserted stamens; filaments pubescent; nutlets brown, 2 mm long"  (Stone, 1970; p. 511).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Tropical America (Stone, 1970; p. 511). Florida (U.S.) and Mexico to Argentina; probably native elsewhere in South America (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 240)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Cerro Azul, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Observed in survey, no herbarium record.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 62)
var. polystachya HBK.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
var. polystachya (K.S. Kunth) J.I. Briquet
Cultivée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
invasive
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 511)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 240)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1953) (voucher ID: PTBG 23176)
Taxon name on voucher: Hyptis mutabilis var. mutabilis
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 22 JUN 2004 and was last updated on 12 MAY 2013.