Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Hura crepitans
L., Euphorbiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 8 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: xiang he zi

English: sandbox tree

Spanish: catahua, ceiba amarilla, javillo

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Tree to 25 m tall. Leaves with petioles to 20 cm long; blades ovate to orbiculate, 12-25 x 7-15 cm, base cordate, apex acuminate to subcuspidate, margin crenate with glandular teeth, prominently pinnate-veined, sparsely long-pubescent on lower surface. Staminate inflorescences on peduncle to 10 cm long, staminate flowers 60 to 80 on axis 2-4.5 cm long, column with 2 or 3 verticels of anthers; pistillate flowers with peduncles > 5 cm long, calyx 3-5 mm long, truncate, stylar column 2.5-5 cm long, fleshy apical disk to 1 cm in diameter, with radiating tips 1 cm long. Capsules woody, depressed, > 8 cm in diameter, 3-5 cm long, dehiscent into ca. 15, crescent-shaped, woody-valved cocci; seeds flattened, suborbicular, 2 cm in diameter, smooth" (Howard, 1989; p. 57).

Habitat/ecology:  In Australia, "planted in a CSIRO forestry plot at Middle Point, 50 km east of Darwin in the mid to late 1960's, it has established populations in surrounding native bushland" (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 110).

Propagation:  "The fruit is a capsule, with up to sixteen carpels arranged radially around the central axis, that explodes to release seed (Swaine and Beer, 1977, cited in Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 110).

Native range:  Tropical America; also cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory introduced
invasive
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 110)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Cultivated. Hainan, Hong Kong.
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Loja, Morona-Santiago
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of)   U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Invasive in Tanzania (Rejmánek, 1996).


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 16 JAN 2004 and was last updated on 8 MAY 2013.