Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Hovenia dulcis
Thunb., Rhamnaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: bei zhi ju

English: Chinese raisintree, Japanese raisintree

Japanese: kenponashi

Spanish: sarmiento japonés

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Tall, almost glabrous tree with lenticellate branches; leaves rather membranous, broadly ovate, 8-15 cm long, 6-12 cm wide, short-acuminate, rounded to shallowly cordate at base, with obliquely triangular obtuse teeth, green and glabrous on upper side, pale green and glabrous to thinly pubescent on nerves beneath, becoming deep brown when dry, 3-nerved from the base, the lateral nerves close to the margin from near the base; the petioles 2.5-6 cm long, glabrous; cymes terminal and in the upper axils, glabrous, 3-5 cm across, many-flowered, the pedicels short, the branches thickened in fruit; flowers pale green, about 7 mm across; calyx-lobes about 2.5 mm long, acute; disc sparsely pilose; fruit globose, about 7 mm across, yellowish brown, glabrous, lustrous" (Ohwi, 1965; pp. 617-618).

Habitat/ecology:  "Sun to light shade; range of soil types except wet soil" (NC State University)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  China, Japan and Korea (Ohwi, 1965; pp. 617-618).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 42028)
Taxon name on voucher: Hovenia dulcis
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
cultivated
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
Cultivated, occasionally naturalized in or near rainforest.
Naturalized
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
cultivated
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
Naturalized
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Secondary forests, also cultivated in gardens; 200-1400 m. Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Henan, NW Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, N Sichuan.
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Hokkaido [Okushiri Island], Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku
North Korea
North Korea
North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South Korea
South Korea
South Korea (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Also reported invasive in Tanzania (Rejmánek, 1996).


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This page was created on 16 JAN 2004 and was last updated on 18 OCT 2006.