Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Helichrysum foetidum
(L.) Cass., Asteraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Other Latin names:  Gnaphalium foetidum L.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: stinking everlasting, stinking strawflower

French: immortelle du Cap, immortelle fétide

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Foetid biennial herbs 2-10 dm tall.  Leaves oblong to lanceolate, 3-7 cm long, upper surface green and sparsely pubescent, lower surface white woolly pubescent, lower ones gradually narrowed to petioles, upper ones with cordate bases clasping the stem.  Heads several in clusters at the ends of the stems, 15-20 mm in diameter; involucral bracts shiny, bright yellow; corollas yellow.  Achenes minutely tuberculate"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 323).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized in dry to subalpine vegetation and pastures, 750-2,300 m" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 323).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Africa, Yemen; naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 323)
Voucher cited: Degener 20235
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Cultivé?/naturalisé"


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 28 FEB 2006 and was last updated on 7 MAY 2013.