Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Fragaria vesca
L., Rosaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: ye cao mei

English: European strawberry, sow-teat strawberry, wild strawberry, woodland strawberry

French: fraiser des bois, fraisier, fraisier commun

Japanese: besuka-ichigo, ezo-hebi-ichigo, ezo-no-hebi-ichigo

Spanish: fresa, fresa silvestre, fresal común

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Perennial herbs from 1 to several clumped rhizomes 1-5 cm long, producing long slender stolonsLeaves thin, leaflets ovate, obovate, or sometimes rhombic, (1-) 2-8 cm long, 1-5 cm wide, upper surface bright green and sparsely appressed long-pilose, glabrate with age, lower surface glaucous and sparsely to moderately appressed silky pilose, sometimes glabrate with age, margins coarsely serrate, sometimes only in upper 1/2, lateral petiolules 0.1-0.5 cm long, the terminal ones 0.1-0.6 cm long, petioles 2-18 cm long, silky pilose (hairs retrorsely appressed or sometimes spreading), stipules brown, membranous, usually 0.8-1.7 cm long.  Scapes 5-30 cm long, about as long as or longer than leaves, erect in fruit, pedicels usually 15-20 mm long; epicalyx lobes lanceolate, 3.3-5 mm long; sepals ovate, 3.5-5 mm long, sparely strigose; petals white, obovate, 4.5-7 mm long.  Fruit white or sometimes read, rather dry, hemispherical, 1-1.5 cm long, achenes superficially attached, 1-1.3 mm long"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1104).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized in mesic to wet forest, 730-1700 m" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1104). In New Zealand, "roadsides, wasteland, forest clearings and damp banks up to c. 1000 m" (Webb et al., 1988; p. 1090).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Eurasia and North America, often cultivated (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1104).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1104)
Voucher cited: Forbes 474.H (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1104)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 121)
Vouchers cited: Baumann s.n., MacKee 12294
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (British Colombia)
Province of British Columbia
Canada (British Columbia) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Guatemala (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Forests, mountain slopes, meadows. Gansu, Guizhou, Jilin, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan.
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Hokkaido
Naturalized
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 1080)
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Colombia (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Perú (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Washington) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Naturalisé/±envahissant"
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (except British Colombia)
Canada
Canada (country) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Naturalized and more or less invasive in La Réunion per Christophe Lavergne, pers. com.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 28 FEB 2006 and was last updated on 18 DEC 2006.