Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Eucalyptus macrocarpa
Hook., Myrtaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 3 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: bluebush, desert mallee, mallee-rose, mottlecah, rose-of-the-west, small-leaf mottlecah

Habit:  tree

Description: 

subsp. elachantha: "Mallees to 3 m tall. Forming a lignotuber. Bark smooth throughout, shiny yellowish brown and grey-brown, shedding in short ribbons. Branchlets glaucous; lacking oil glands in the pith. Juvenile growth (coppice or field seedlings to 50 cm): stems square or rounded in cross-section, glaucous. Crown formed of juvenile leaves which are typically opposite, sessile, amplexicaul, cordate to oblong, 5.5-8.5 cm long, 3.5-5 cm wide, margin entire, rarely subcrenulate, apex usually rounded to acute, rarely emarginate, concolorous, dull, pale whitish grey due to copious surface wax, side-veins greater than 45° to midrib, densely reticulate, intramarginal vein remote from margin, oil glands moderately numerous, intersectional. Inflorescences axillary unbranched, peduncles 0.1-0.7 cm long; bud solitary, sessile or shortly and stoutly pedicellate, pedicels 0-0.5 cm long. Mature buds ovoid (4-5.5 cm long, 2.5-3 cm wide), glaucous, finely ribbed longitudinally to smooth, scar present, operculum beaked (3.2-3.8 cm long), outer stamens oblique, some inner stamens inflexed, filaments red (rarely creamy white), anthers cuboid, yellow, dorsifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, style long and more or less straight, stigma blunt, locules 4 or 5, the placentae each with 8 or 10 vertical rows of ovules, with a narrow central gap. Flowers red rarely creamy white. Fruit sessile, broadly and shallowly obconical, 1.2-2 cm long, 3.3-4.5 cm wide, disc slightly to steeply raised, oblique, valves 4 or 5, exserted. Seed pale straw-brown to pale grey-brown, 3-6 mm long, more or less pyramidal with prominent ridges and a conspicuous encircling marginal flange ca 1 mm wide, dorsal surface smooth to shallowly reticulate, hilum terminal"  (EUCLID:  Eucalypts of Australia).

Habitat/ecology:  In Western Australia (native), "usually on sand plain"  (EUCLID:  Eucalypts of Australia).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Southwestern Western Australia; also cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Southwestern Western Australia


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JUN 2011 and was last updated on 30 JUL 2011.