Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Erythrina corallodendrum
L., Fabaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 6 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Erythrina corallodendron L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: long ya hua

English: coraltree

French: erythrine

Habit:  shrub/tree

Description:  "Tree to 8 m or shrub. Petioles slender, 6-15 cm long, leaflets rhombic-ovate to rhombic-orbicular or broader than long, 5-15 cm long, 4-12 cm wide, apex acute or acuminate, base rounded or obtuse.  Inflorescence of racemes 10-30 cm long, pedicels short, 3-5 mm long; calyx campanulate, 7-12 mm long, truncate; corolla coral red, 5-6 cm long, standard narrowly oblong or oblong-oblanceolate; wings scarcely exceeding the calyx, keel petals distinct, also shorter than calyx.  Legume moniliform, slightly flattened, 10-15 cm long, stipe 1.5-2 cm long, beak to 2 cm long; seeds 3-9, scarlet" (Howard, 1988; p. 488).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Haiti and Jamaica, cultivated elsewhere (Howard, 1988; p. 488).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Cultivated as an ornamental.
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 145)
Ornamental.
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
cultivated
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Cultivé/subspontané"
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 17 FEB 2005 and was last updated on 16 OCT 2006.