Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Eryngium foetidum
L., Apiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: ci qin

English: false coriander, fitweed, shadow-beni, stinkweed

French: azier la fièvre, chardon étoilé

Spanish: cilantro, culantrillo de monte, culantro

Habit:  herb

Description:  "A coarse, biennial herb 15-45 cm high...; leaves rosulate and cauline, the blades lanceolate to oblanceolate, up to 30 x 5 cm, crenate to spinulose-serrate; inflorescence heads numerous, cylindric, about 10 x 5 mm, the involucral bracts lanceolate, exceeding the heads, commonly 2-3 cm long; petals white or greenish; fruits greenish, subglobose, about 1.5 mm in diameter" (Smith, 1985; p. 656).

Habitat/ecology:  In Fiji, a naturalized weed in waste places, cultivated areas, and along roadsides, considered a troublesome weed because of its spiny leaves (Smith, 1985; p. 656). "Widely cultivated in Hawai‘i and may be naturalized" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 199).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Tropical America, introduced into some parts of tropical Africa and Asia, including Malesia and some Pacific groups (Smith, 1985; p. 656).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 12)
Rare
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 656)
Vouchers cited: DA 10494, DA 13693
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 656)
Vouchers cited: DA 9918, DA 3447, C.R. Turbet 32 (K), Greenwood 757, DA 12269
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
Wester, Lyndon (1992) (p. 126)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 199)
Cultivated, may be naturalized.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 92)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (pp. 136-137)
Voucher cited: MacKee 38455
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Sand Island introduced
cultivated
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd (2008) (pp. B-8)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Forests, stream banks, moist places, roadsides; 100-1500 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan.
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 206)
On shade and wet places in forests.
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of)   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 151)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 40)
Casual


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This page was created on 16 AUG 2002 and was last updated on 16 OCT 2006.