Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Echinochloa glabrescens
Munro ex Hook. f., Poaceae
No image available for this species


Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: ying fu bai

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Culms erect or slightly decumbent at base, 50-120 cm tall. Leaf sheaths smooth and glabrous; leaf blades stiffly erect, linear, flat, 10-30 x 0.6-1.2 cm, glabrous, margins thickened, apex acuminate. Inflorescence narrow, 8-15 x 1-2 (-3) cm; racemes 1-4 cm, simple. Spikelets light green, 3.5-5 mm, awnless or awned; glumes 5-veined; lower glume 1/3-1/2 as long as spikelet, acute; upper glume equal to spikelet, inconspicuously scabrous to shortly hispid along veins, cuspidate to awn-tipped; both lemmas coriaceous, hard and shining, especially down the center, the lower cuspidate to awned"  (Flora of China online).

"Erect annual grass 50-100 cm high; adopts a closely tufted habit in wetlands, but spreading habit in dry situations.  Leaf sheaths tightly stem-clasping; leaf blades strap-like, 10-20 cm - 5-8 mm wide with a long thin apex.  Inflorescence a closely branched panicle 10-20 cm long; pseudo-spikes 2.5-8 cm long, up to 7 mm diameter.  Spikelets numerous, 3-3.5 mm long, with or without awns, which if present are 1-3 mm long.  Caryopsis held tightly within each spikelet, shed as a unit"  (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1999; p. 1535).

Habitat/ecology:  "damp places, streams" (Flora of China online).  "Inundated areas, especially rice paddies; fallow ground, cropping land" (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1999; p. 1535).

Propagation:  "Seeds and vegetative fragments probably dispersed by water" (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1999; p. 1535).

Native range:  Eastern Asia (Waterhouse & Mitchell, 1999; p. 1535). Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 41)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
Wester, Lyndon (1992) (p. 121)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
Wester, Lyndon (1992) (p. 121)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
Wester, Lyndon (1992) (p. 121)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
Wester, Lyndon (1992) (p. 121)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Waterhouse, B. M./Mitchell, A. A. (1998) (p. 70)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of)   Waterhouse, B. M./Mitchell, A. A. (1998) (p. 70)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Damp places, streams. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang.
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 334)
On margins of ponds and in other wet places.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of)   Waterhouse, B. M./Mitchell, A. A. (1998) (p. 70)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of)   Waterhouse, B. M./Mitchell, A. A. (1998) (p. 70)
Negara Brunei Darussalam
Brunei
Brunei (Negara Brunei Darussalam)   Waterhouse, B. M./Mitchell, A. A. (1998) (p. 70)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Damp places, streams.
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of)   Waterhouse, B. M./Mitchell, A. A. (1998) (p. 70)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of)   Waterhouse, B. M./Mitchell, A. A. (1998) (p. 70)

Additional information:
Additional online information about Echinochloa glabrescens is available from the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Information about Echinochloa glabrescens as a weed (worldwide references) may be available from the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Taxonomic information about Echinochloa glabrescens may be available from the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).

References:

Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce. 1987. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae. Micronesica 20:1-126.

Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. 1999. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii. Revised edition. Bernice P. Bishop Museum special publication. University of Hawai‘i Press/Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu. 1919 pp. (two volumes).

Waterhouse, B. M./Mitchell, A. A. 1998. Northern Australia Quarantine Strategy: weeds target list. Second edition. Australian Quarantine & Inspection Service, Miscellaneous Publication No. 6/98. 110 pp.

Wester, Lyndon. 1992. Origin and distribution of adventive flowering plants in Hawai‘i. In: Stone, Charles P.; Smith, Clifford W. and Tunison, J. Timothy. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and Research. University of Hawaii, Cooperative National Park Research Studies Unit, Honolulu. University of Hawaii Press. .

Wu, Te-lin. 2001. Check List of Hong Kong Plants. Hong Kong Herbarium and the South China Institute of Botany. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department Bulletin 1 (revised). 384 pp.

Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong. 2013. Flora of China (online resource).


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 14 MAR 2005 and was last updated on 19 APR 2013.