Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Desmodium nicaraguense
Oerst., Fabaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Low risk, score: -2 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Meibomia nicaraguensis (Oerst.) Kuntze; Meibomia rensonii J. H. Painter ex Renson

Common name(s): [more details]

Spanish: engorda-caballo, gutao, Juana de Arco, Juana Larga, pie de paloma, vara blanca, vara de arco, vara larga

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "An erect shrub of 1-3 meters, woody throughout or nearly so, the branches subterete, very densely uncinate-pilosulous with short white hairs, almost tomentose; stipules about 3 mm long, caducous; leaves petiolate, 3-foliate; leaflets usually rather thick, oblong-elliptic, mostly 5-7 cm long, obtuse or usually rounded at the apex, obtuse at the base, very densely pilose on both surfaces, especially beneath, with soft subappressed whitish hairs; inflorescence racemose-paniculate, often very large and much branched, the branches densely uncinate-pubescent, the flowers rose-purple, short-pedicellate; bracts small, lanceolate, caducous; calyx densely sericeous, small, the teeth short, obtuse; standard about 5 mm long; loment 6-8-articulate, borne on a short stipe, minutely sericeous, deeply crenate-lobate on both margins, the joints oval-orbicular, about 4 mm long and 3 mm broad, almost symmetric" (Standley and Steyermark, 1946; pp. 232-233).

Habitat/ecology:  "Wet to dry thickets or open rocky hillsides, often in pine or oak forest, 400-2,400 meters...  This shrub is abundant in many regions along the Pacific slope of Guatemala and Salvador, often forming dense thickets in pastures"  (Standley and Steyermark, 1946; pp. 232-233).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (pp. 6, 12)
Voucher: Flynn 6611 (PTBG)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1999) (voucher ID: BISH 662829)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmodium nicaraguense Oerst.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1999) (voucher ID: PTBG 291)
Taxon name on voucher: Desmodium nicaraguense
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Guatemala (Republic of) native
Standley, Paul C./Steyermark, Julian A. (1946) (pp. 232-233)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Planted on Tutuila, American Samoa, (under the name Desmodium rensonii) and showing signs of naturalizing.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 10 APR 2013.