Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Dalbergia sissoo
(dummy value for TaxonCode Authority; this value should be replaced!!).......Fabaceae


Reject, score: 21 (Go to the risk assessment (Australia))
High risk, score: 13 (Go to the risk assessment (Pacific)) Amerimnon sissoo (Roxb. ex DC.) Kuntze

Chinese: yin du huang tan

English: Indian dalbergia, Indian rosewood, shisham, sissoo, sisu

French: ébénier juane

"An erect deciduous tree to 20 m high with a 2 to 3 m girth, trunk often not straight or regularly branched; reproducing by seed and suckers. Stems: Young shoots downy, drooping; established stems with light brown to dark gray bark to 2.5 cm thick, shed in narrow strips; large upper branches support a spreading crown. Leaves leathery, pubescent when young, glabrous later; alternate, to 8 cm long, comprising 3 to 7 leaflets, broadly elliptical to obovate. Flowers white to yellowish white, pea-like, to 2 cm long, fragrant, nearly sessile; formed in axillary clusters. Fruit an oblong pale brown pod to 10 cm long, 1 cm wide, thin and strap-like, end rounded with a minute point, glabrous, contains 1 to 4, usually 2 or 3 seeds. Seed: Brown, flat, almost oblong,1 cm long and 4 mm wide. Root: A long taproot and numerous surface roots which produce suckers" (Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992; pp. 472-473). Moist tropics and subtropics to 1000 m. "Growth is most prolific in tropical and sub-tropical climates, particularly in areas where there is considerable soil moisture (but not waterlogged soils).  In the Northern Territory [Australia], it grows mostly on sands and gravels along watercourses, sometimes spreading into the drier forests and plains." (Csurhes and Edwards, 1998; p. 106). Seeds, but most commonly locally by root suckers. Can form dense thickets. Oman to Myanmar; cultivated elsewhere (GRIN).
Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: BT 4230 (PAP)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 7213 (PAP), J. Florence 7656 (PAP)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 546516)
Taxon name on voucher: Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. ex DC
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 82)
Vouchers cited: MacKee 33912, MacKee 36673, Cherrier in MacKee 44455
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory introduced
invasive
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 106)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 106)
Isolated populations.
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Cultivated; 900-1500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Zhejiang".
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 142)
Ornamental, timber.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 32)
Cultivated only
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Cultivated; 900-1500 m".
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Declared a noxious weed in the Northern Territory, Australia (Csurhes and Edwards, 1998; p. 106).

Planting of this species is prohibited in Miami-Dade County, Florida (U.S.) (Hunsberger, 2001).

Chemical: Picloram as a cut stump, basal bark or stem injection (Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992; pp. 472-473).


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