Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Cymbalaria muralis
Gaertn., Mey. & Scherb., Plantaginaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Antirrhinum cymbalaria L.; Linaria cymbalaria (L.) Mill.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: coliseum ivy, ivy-leaf toadflax, Kenilworth ivy, mother-of-thousands, Oxford-ivy, pennywort, wandering-sailor

French: ruine de Rome

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Stems filiform, decumbent, sometimes rooting at the nodes, 3-6 dm long, glabrous or sometimes with a few scattered hairs on young parts.  Leaves alternate, reniform to semicircular, 12-55 mm long, 15-65 mm wide, 5-9-lobed, the lobes broadly deltate, rounded, usually mucronate.  Calyx 2-2.5 mm long; corolla violet, with a yellow palate, 9-15 mm long, spur 1.5-3 mm long.  Capsules ca. 4 mm in diameter.  Seeds black, broadly ellipsoid to globose, ca. 1 mm in diameter, with high ridges and usually a few tubercles"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1240).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "apparently very recently naturalized, first collected in 1986, and presently known only from 790-950 m, in a gulch east of Pi‘iholo Road, Olinda, East Maui" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1240).

Propagation:  Seed and rooting from nodes.

Native range:  "Native from the southern Alps to Italy" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1240). Switzerland, Italy and the Balkans; cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 553)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1240)
Vouchers cited: Hobdy 2549, Hobdy 2550 (BISH)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 1182)
"Cultivation escape, on shady banks, walls, amongst rocks, mostly in the vicinity of buildings".


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 29 JUN 2004 and was last updated on 17 MAR 2013.