Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Cyclanthera pedata
Schrad., Cucurbitaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 1 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Momordica pedata L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: xiao que gua

English: achocha, cyclanthera, lady's-slipper, slipper goard, stuffing gourd, wild cucumber

French: achocha, concombre grimpant

Spanish: achogcha, caiba, caigua, caihau, caygua, pepino de comer, pepino de rellenar, pepino hueco

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Annual vines to several meters long, the stems branched, glabrous; leaves on glabrous petioles 1-8 cm long, blades broadly ovate to orbicular, pedately lobate, margins serrulate to deeply dentate, essentially glabrous, 2.5-20 cm long and about as broad, lateral leaflets pedately lobed; staminate flowers: in panicles with few-several (rarely many) flowers confined to upper half or less of peduncle, receptacle to 3.5 mm wide, sepals obscure or to 2 mm long, corolla obscurely papillate, whitish, 3-6 mm across, filament column to 0.75 mm long, androecial head to 1.5 mm wide; pistillate flowers: subsessile, stigmas sessile, to 2.5 mm broad, with a depressed center; fruiting peduncles 0.5-2 cm long; fruits greenish white, striate, lacrimiform and somewhat gibbous, not explosively dehiscent, to 15 cm long and 6 cm in diameter, setae none or few, confined to abaxial part of the fruit; seeds black, more or less turtle-shaped, 12-16 mm long" (Nash, 1976; p. 336).

Habitat/ecology:  In Guatemala, "perhaps only in cultivation or as an escape, about 1,500 m" (Nash, 1976; p. 336).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Probable origin in Andean South America; cultivated elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
var. edulis
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
var. edulis
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
var. edulis
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 503198)
Taxon name on voucher: Cyclanthera pedata Schrad.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Guatemala (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Honduras (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Nicaragua (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Panama (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Colombia (Republic of) probably native
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Perú (Republic of) probably native
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 21 OCT 2004 and was last updated on 17 MAR 2013.