Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Crotalaria verrucosa
L., Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Crotalaria angulosa Lam.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: da ye ye bai he, duo you zhu shi dou

English: blue rattleweed, blue-flower rattlepod, purple popbush, shack-shack, tooth-leaf rattlepod, tooth-leaved rattlepod, warty crotalaria, warty rattlebox

French: cascavelle à fleurs bleues, cascavelle bleue

Spanish: cascabelito, chochito

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Herbs, erect, 50-100 cm tall. Branches 4-angled, glabrescent. Stipules leaflike, ovate-falcate, 5-8 mm. Leaves simple; petiole 3-5 mm; leaf blade ovate to elliptic, 10-15 x 3-5 cm, thinly membranous, abaxially densely pubescent, adaxially glabrous, base broadly cuneate, apex acuminate. Racemes terminal, 10-20-flowered; bracts linear, ca. 1 mm. Pedicel 3-4 mm; bracteoles inserted apically from middle of pedicel. Calyx subcampanulate, 8-10 mm, 5-lobed; lobes lanceolate, slightly longer than tube. Corolla pale yellow, white, or often tinged blue; standard orbicular to obovate, 1-1.8 cm, base with 2 appendages; wings oblong, 1-1.6 cm; keel ± as long as wings, exserted beyond calyx, rounded with an incurved, fairly shortly twisted beak. Ovary subsessile, pilose on apical part. Legume oblong, 2-4 cm, 10-12-seeded, pubescent. Seeds nearly smooth to papillose, shiny"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  "Uncommon on roadsides and in waste places" (Whistler, 1988; p. 23). "Adventive on Niue" (Sykes, 1970; p. 149).  In New Caledonia, "récolté une seule fois" (MacKee, 1994; p. 82).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Native of Asia now widely naturalized in the tropics." (Howard, 1988; pp. 472-473).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cook Islands
Cook Islands
Cook Islands   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: B. Huguenin s.n. (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mopelia (Mapetia, Maupiha‘a, Maupihoa, Mopiha‘a) Atoll introduced
invasive
Sachet, M.-H. (1983) (p. 28)
Voucher cited: Sachet 935 (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 146)
Vouchers cited: Florence 3519, BRY 26679
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 3519 (PAP), P. Morat 6930 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 146)
Voucher cited: Sachet 935
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 3108 (PAP), J. Florence 7716 (PAP), W.A. Whistler & M. Guérin 29 (PAP), J.-N. Maclet 125 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Rangiroa (Rairoa) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10011 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Tikehau (Tikahau) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 7108 (PAP)
Adventice
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
Wester, Lyndon (1992) (p. 138)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R. (1995) (p. 19)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg & Evans 58853 (BISH), A.F. Judd 53 (BISH), Inafuku s.n. (BISH), A.J. Mangelsdorf s.n. (BISH)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 90)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands introduced
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 82)
Voucher cited: Pancher s.n. s.loc.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 149)
Voucher cited: CHR 150542
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 23)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (p. 61)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9748 (BISH)
"Occasional along roadsides and in waste areas".
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 14)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago   Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 227)
Common in the region of Rabaul, Kokopo and Vunapope.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 274)
In open places at low altitudes.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Western Samoa Islands   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 23)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Grasslands, sparse forests; 100-200 m. Guangdong, Hainan".
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
invasive
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 142)
In grassland.
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) uncertain if native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) uncertain if native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Celebes, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumatra
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) uncertain if native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) uncertain if native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Grasslands, sparse forests; 100-200 m".
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Groupe d'Aldabra introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)


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This page was created on 31 AUG 2002 and was last updated on 15 DEC 2010.