Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Crotalaria pallida
(dummy value for TaxonCode Authority; this value should be replaced!!).......Fabaceae


Crotalaria brownei Bertero ex DC.; Crotalaria mucronata Desv.; Crotalaria striata DC.

Chinese: zhu shi dou

Chuukese: afalafal

English: Moreton Island rattlepod, rattlepod, salts rattlebox, smooth crotalaria, smooth rattlebox, smooth rattlepod, streaked rattlepod, striped crotalaria

Fijian: kaumothe, nggiringgiri, pini, toela

French: crotalaire mucronée

Hawaiian: kolomona, pikakani

Maori (Cook Islands): maniva, maniva

Niuean: pinē kotalelia

Palauan: kuroteraria

Pohnpeian: kandalahria, klodalahria wah tikitik, krodalaria

Samoan: fua pepe, fua pepe

Tongan: pi‘isi

Tuamotuan: pipi

"Perennial herbs or subshrubs; stems ascending or erect, 10-20 dm long, striate, glabrous or appressed short-pubescent.  Leaves trifoliolate, leaflets elliptic, ovate, or oblanceolate, 2.8-9.5 cm long, 1.2-4.5 cm wide, veins 6-12 on each side of midvein, upper surface glabrous or sparsely pubescent, lower surface appressed short-pubescent, apex rounded to acute, occasionally retuse, base cuneate or rounded, petioles 22-67 mm long, stipules absent or minute and narrowly triangular, ca. 1 mm long.  Flowers 9-15 mm long, 22-75 in terminal, somewhat lax inflorescences, rachis 15-40 cm long (incl. peduncle), bracts linear-triangular, 3-4 mm long, ascending, caducous, bracteoles at base of calyx, narrowly triangular; calyx densely appressed short-pubescent, the tube 3-4 mm long, the lobes 3.5-4.5 mm long, lateral lobes distinct at apex; petals yellow with lines near base, standard 9-12 mm long, 7-9 mm wide, striate, wings oblong-obovate, 6-10 mm long, 2.8-3.8 mm wide, keel petals striate, with nontwisted prolonged beak, margins ciliate; elongated anthers 2.5-3.2 mm long, short ones 0.5-0.8 mm long.  Pods brown at maturity, 3.5-3.8 cm long, stipitate, stipe less than 3 mm long, glabrous or sparsely appressed short-pubescent.  Seeds ca. 36 per pod, brown, up to 2.8 mm long, smooth."  (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 661-661).

var. obovata:  Distinguishable by distinctly obovate leaflet blades being retuse to rounded at apex and usually 3-7 x 1.5-4 cm (Smith, 1985; pp. 270-271).

var. pallida:  Eliptic, larger leaflet blades (6-13 cm long) that are acute to rounded at apex (Smith, 1985; pp. 270-271).

"Herbacée pérenne à base ligneuse, atteignant 1 à 2 m de hauteur, reconnaissable à ses feuilles trifoliées, ses inflorescences dressées portant entre 40 et 70 petites fleurs de couleur jaune vif striées de rouge et ses petites gousses cylindriques pendantes, brunes à mâturité, contenant environ 36 graines chacune" (Meyer, 2008; p. 23). In Hawai‘i, "naturalized in disturbed sites such as pastures, waste ground and roadsides, 5-1,070 m" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 661-661).  In Fiji, "abundantly naturalized from near sea level to about 800 m in open places, clearings, thickets, waste places, and cultivated areas, on sand dunes and open hillsides, and along river banks and roadsides" (Smith, 1985; pp. 270-271).  In Niue, "common in waste places, along the roadsides, and in plantations" (Sykes, 1970; p. 149).  "Common on roadsides, waste places, and croplands" (Whistler, 1988; p. 22).  In French Polynesia, "the plants grow on strands, motus, and upward into the mountains" (Welsh, 1998; p. 146). "In Guam it is found in cultivated ground and other disturbed areas" (Stone, 1970; pp. 328-329). Seed "Pantropical, in part adventive and hence the original distribution obscure, but the species appears to be indigenous in parts of tropical Africa" (Smith, 1985; pp. 270-271). Tropical Africa and Asia; also cultivated and widely naturalized elsewhere in tropics (GRIN).
Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 90)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Anon. (1988) (p. 1)
Chile (offshore islands)
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island (Isla de Pasqua) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Chile (offshore islands)
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island (Isla de Pasqua) introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2008) (pp. 23, 28)
"Nous l’avons observé présente dans toute l’île, notamment dans les zones pâturées et cultivées où elle forme des tâches monospécifiques, et se développe sur les sites archéologiques (Vinapu, Rano Raraku) et les falaises maritimes" (Meyer, 2008; p. 23).
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 27)
Vouchers cited: Falanruw 2151 (US), Fosberg 31589 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Aguijan (Agiguan, Aguihan) Island introduced
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 36)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 27)
Vouchers cited: Falanruw 1897 (US), Fosberg 31730 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
Ohba, T. (1994) (p. 58)
Vouchers cited: CBM-BS-58962, CBM-BS-59216
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 27)
Vouchers cited: Anderson 518 (US, BISH, Fo, NY), Fosberg 31356 (US), Moore 406 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 27)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 1759 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island introduced
Ohba, T. (1994) (p. 58)
Voucher cited: CBM-BS-58896
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1966) (voucher ID: PTBG 22721)
Taxon name on voucher: Crotalaria pallida
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Dublon (Tonowas) Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Fefan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Tol Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Ulalu (Romonum) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 16)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Josekutty, P. C./Wakuk, E. E./Joseph, M. J. (2002) (p. 62)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 90)
Vouchers cited: M.J. Balick 3930 (NY, PTBG), A. Dores 216 (NY, PTBG), F.R. Fosberg 26367 (BISH), F.R. Fosberg 58354 (BISH), S.F. Glassman 2405 (BISH), N.L.H. Krauss 1878 (BISH), R. Raynor 129 (NY, PTBG), M. Takamatsu 967 (BISH), C.Y.C. Wong 46 (BISH)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1998) (voucher ID: PTBG 32998)
Taxon name on voucher: Crotalaria pallida Aiton
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 43575)
Taxon name on voucher: Crotalaria pallida
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kandavu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 270-271)
Voucher cited: Smith 12
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lakemba Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 270-271)
Voucher cited: Garnock-Jones 915
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 270-271)
Vouchers cited: DA 12944, Smith 6616
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 270-271)
Vouchers cited: Degener & Ordonez 15543, Greenwood 89, DA 9742, Smith 4430, DA 9486, Parks 20793, Webster & Hildreth 14316, DA 10176, Smith 8771, DA 10744, Greenwood 89A, DA 10792, DA 9952, DA 2921, DA 7487
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Wakaya Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (pp. 270-271)
Voucher cited: Tothill 101
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 6662 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
var. obovata (G. Don) R.M. Polhill. Voucher cited: J. Florence & R. Tahuaitu 11707 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 146)
Vouchers cited: Florence 5017, H.M. Smith 17
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 2176 (PAP), J. Florence 5017 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 146)
Vouchers cited: Moore 118, BRY 24872, BRY 25390
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 3450 (PAP); var. obovata (G. Don) Polhill, J. Florence 10437 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 146)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 63467, BRY 26541
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: Florence 5260 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 146)
Vouchers cited: BRY 26016, Florence 2745
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 2745 (PAP), P. Birnbaum 38 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tupai Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 3005 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Niau Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
var. obovata (G. Don) R.M. Polhill. Voucher cited: J. Florence 10437 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Raro‘ia Atoll introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Fourdrigniez, Marie (2008) (p. 14)
cf. pallida
Adventice d'introduction européene.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Takapoto Atoll introduced
invasive
Sachet, M-H. (1983) (p. 23)
Voucher cited: Sachet 2024 (US)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Tikehau (Tikahau) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 7080 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
var. obovata (G. Don) R.M. Polhill
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 5918 (PAP), J. Florence 5526 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
var. obovata (G. Don) R.M. Polhill
Adventice
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
invasive
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (pp. 328-329)
Voucher cited: Stone 5142 (GUAM)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1965) (voucher ID: PTBG 22720)
Taxon name on voucher: Crotalaria pallida
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 661-662)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 661-662)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 661-662)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 661-662)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 661-662)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Ni‘ihau Island introduced
invasive
Wood, K. R. (2007) (p. 15)
Voucher cited: K.R. Wood 11868 (BISH, PTBG, US)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 661-662)
Voucher cited: Mann & Brigham 222 (BISH)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Var. obovata (G.Don) Polhill
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 96)
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Îles Loyauté (Loyalty Islands) introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Lifou introduced
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 82)
Voucher cited: Guinaudeau in MacKee 30077
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 90)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 82)
Vouchers cited: Pancher s.n. s.loc., Balansa 304 s.loc., Le Rat 202, Sarasin 99, MacKee 4116
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île des Pins (Isle of Pines) introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île des Pins (Isle of Pines) introduced
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 82)
Voucher cited: MacKee 23481
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 149)
Vouchers cited: CHR 150540, CHR 150543?
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 22)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A./Atherton, J. (1997) (p. 34)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (p. 62)
Misidentified as Crotalaria saltiana<.i> Andrews. Voucher cited: Yuncker 9675 (BISH)
"Common along roadsides and in waste areas, but most abondant on the eastern side of the island".
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 14)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 103)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 63)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1978) (voucher ID: BNM 1247)
Taxon name on voucher: Crotalaria pallida Ait.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 100)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 63)
Voucher: Lorence 9852 (PTBG, BNM, NY)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1982) (voucher ID: BNM 3182)
Taxon name on voucher: Crotalaria pallida? Ait.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2008) (voucher ID: PTBG 145)
Taxon name on voucher: Crotalaria pallida Aiton
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 106)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago introduced
invasive
cultivated
Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 227)
Becoming naturalized.
Papua New Guinea
Bougainville Islands
Bougainville Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)   Waterhouse, D. F. (1997) (p. 60)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
var. obovata (G. Don) R.M. Polhill
Adventice
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. Field notes.)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. Field notes.)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Western Samoa Islands   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 22)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 90)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
invasive
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 60)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 28)
Vouchers cited: Ilolahia 89, Soakai 612, Soakai 753
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 138)
Vouchers cited: Yuncker 15264, Yuncker 16209
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Midway Atoll introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 661-662)
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Shine, C./Reaser, J. K./Gutierrez, A. T., eds. (2003) (p. 179)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (p. 34)
As Crotalaria cf. pallida
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
Smith, Nicholas M. (2002) (p. 59)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Grasslands, disturbed sandy areas; 100-1100 m".
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 141)
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) uncertain if native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
West Papua Province (Indonesia) (western New Guinea Island) (formerly Irian Jaya) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 184)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of)   Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (pp. 64, 77)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 29)
Naturalised
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Grasslands, disturbed sandy areas; 100-1100 m".
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island introduced
invasive
Swarbrick, J. T. (1997) (p. 111)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Chagos Archipelago uncertain if native
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. Arthur (1996) (p. 27)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1995) (voucher ID: PTBG 37931)
Taxon name on voucher: Crotalaria pallida Aiton
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Frégate Island   Robertson, S. A./Todd, D. M. (1983) (p. 51)
Vouchers cited: Procter 4160, Todd 16
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Most examples in Fiji and elsewhere seem to be var. obovata (Smith, 1985; pp. 270-271).


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