Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Crinum asiaticum
L., Amaryllidaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Low risk, score: -4 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Crinum amabile Donn ex Ker Gawl.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chamorro: piga-palayi

Chinese: wen shu lan

Chuukese: giob, kiiyopw, kiop, kiopw, kiopw, kiopw pwuniwal, kiyopw, mwootiw, püllai, pullai, siipw

English: Asiatic poisonbulb, crinum, false spider lily, giant crinum lily, grand crinum, poisonbulb, spider lily, white spider lily

Fijian: lautalotalo, viavia

I-Kiribati: te kiebu, te kiepu, te ruru, te ruru n aine

Japanese: hamawomoto, Taiwan-hamaomoto

Kwara‘ae: afamanu, arakao

Mangarevan: riri

Marshallese: kieb, kiebe, kiep, kiep, kiup

Nauruan: dagibu, dagiebu

Niuean: lili, talotalo

Palauan: bisecherad ra ngebard

Pingelapan: khepw, kiep

Pohnpeian: kiepw

Samoan: lau talotalo, lau talotalo, lau talotalo

Spanish: amancay, lirio de cinta

Tahitian: eriri

Tokelauan: lau talotalo

Tongan: sāmoa, talotalo, tolotalo

Tuamotuan: riri

Tuvaluan: talotalo, tapua, te luhe

Ulithian: giab, hiop

Wallisian: talotalo

Woleaian: giop, giyob

Yapese: giobwutet, giop, guyab

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Herb, perennial, coarse, to 1.5 m high with a thick stem to 50 cm high, arising from a bulbLeaves simple, in a dense rosette atop the stem, blade sessile, linear-lanceolate, usually 60-130 x 10-15 cm, thick and somewhat fleshy, parallel veined, light green.  Flowers more or less continuously through the year; flowers 20 to 30 or more, fragrant, borne in an umbel atop a long, thick stalk and enclosed within two large bracts.  Corolla with fused tepals, funnel-shaped, the tube above the ovary 8-12 cm long, 4-7 mm in diameter, greenish, the limb of six spreading segments 6-12 x 0.7-1.5 cm, usually white, with six long, protruding stamens with red filaments.  Fruit a subglobose, fleshy, one- to three-seeded capsule"  (Whistler, 2000; p. 159).

"The Crinum commonly seen in Fiji is a coarse herb to 2 m high with a spurious stem to 50 cm high and 15 cm in diameter, bearing leaves and inflorescences in a crown at its apex; the leaves are often to 1 m long and 15 cm broad and with peduncle to 50 cm long, with 25-30 flowers. The perianth tube is greenish, the lobes white, the filaments rich purple at least distally, the anthers yellow, and the style rich purple; the fruit is yellow-green" (Smith, 1979; p. 157).

Habitat/ecology:  "The species is widely cultivated and also naturalized; in Fiji it is found on sandy beaches and other coastal areas and is a popular plant in villages. It will thrive at elevations of 800 m or more" (Smith, 1979; p. 157). On Pitcairn Island, "cliff and steep slopes" (Meyer, 2000; p. 103).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Southern and eastern Asia, northern Australia and some Pacific islands; also cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island introduced
Ragone, Diane/Lorence, David H. (2003) (p. 49)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island cultivated
Yuncker, T. G. (1945) (p. 29)
Cultivated ornamental. Voucher cited: Yuncker 9219 (BISH)
American Samoa
Swain's Island
Swain's Island introduced
cultivated
Whistler, W. A. (1983) (p. 16)
Vouchers cited: Whistler 3387, Bryan 929, Bryan 1365
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island probably introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Setchell, William Albert (1924) (p. 107)
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island probably native
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 22)
var. pedunculatum (R.Br.) Fosberg & Sachet. Vouchers cited: I.R.H. Telford 7051 & M.D. Crisp (CBG), R.D. Hoogland 8690 (NSW), I. Hutton 615 (K)
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Norfolk Islands
Norfolk Island probably native
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 11)
var. pedunculatum (R.Br.) Fosberg & Sachet. Vouchers cited: J.D. McComish 121 (K, NSW), 1902, J.H. Maiden & J.L. Boorman(NSW), W. Laing (CHR)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 18)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 18)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 1696 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Asuncion Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Asuncion Island introduced
Falanruw, M. V. C. (1989) (p. 8)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Asuncion Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1977) (p. 28)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 3087 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Farallon de Medinilla (Marpi, Medinilla) Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
var. pedunculatum
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Maug Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Maug Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 18)
Voucher cited: Falanruw 2239 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Maug Island native
Ohba, T. (1994) (p. 64)
Vouchers cited: CBM-BS-59137, CBM-BS-59169
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. pedunculatum
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
var. augustum Observed in survey, no herbarium record.
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
var. augustum Observed in survey, no herbarium record.
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
var. augustum
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Etal (Ettan) Atoll introduced
Merlin, M./Juvik, J. (1996) (p. 71)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Losap Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. procerum
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor (Núkúnooch) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. procerum
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namoluk (Nómwunuuk) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. procerum
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namoluk (Nómwunuuk) Atoll   Marshall, Mae/Fosberg, F. R. (1975) (p. 30)
Vouchers cited: Marshall 36 (US), Marshall 105 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namonuito (Namonweito, Nómwun Wiité) Atoll introduced
Merlin, M./Juvik, J. (1996) (p. 71)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Pis Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Manner, H. I./Mallon, E. (1989) (p. 40)
Voucher cited: Manner & Mallon 270 (GUAM), Manner & Mallon 274 (GUAM), Manner & Mallon 285 (GUAM)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Satawan Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. procerum
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Ulalu (Romonum) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 6)
as Crinum pedunculatum R. br. [=Crinum asiaticum L. var. pedunculatum (R. Br.) Fosberg & Sachet
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Ant Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. procerum
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Kapingamarangi Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. procerum
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Nukuoro Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. pedunculatum, var. procerum
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pingelap Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 33)
Vouchers cited: M.J. Balick 4255 (NY, BISH), N Krauss 1879 (BISH), A. Raynor 57 (NY)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Eauripik Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. procerum
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Fais Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Fais Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Evans, M. (1969) (p. 5)
Voucher cited: Evans 363 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ifalik (Ifaluk) Atoll introduced
Merlin, M./Kigfas, A./Keene, T./Juvik, J. (1996) (p. 112)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll introduced
Merlin, M./Kigfas, A./Keene, T./Juvik, J. (1996) (p. 112)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Woleai Atoll introduced
Merlin, M./Kigfas, A./Keene, T./Juvik, J. (1996) (p. 112)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Mbengga Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 157)
Voucher cited: Weiner 224
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ongea Ndriki Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 157)
Voucher cited: Bryan 408
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ovalau Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 157)
Vouchers cited: Smith 7671
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 157)
Vouchers cited: DA 16895, Seemann 640
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 157)
Vouchers cited: Greenwood 626A, Vaughan 3252, H.B.R. Parham 242, Greenwood 1051, DA 1301, Tothill 862
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Wakaya Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 157)
Voucher cited: Bryan 614
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Akamaru Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
cultivated
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 11)
Voucher cited: St. John 14583 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 65)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1987) (p. 21)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 303)
Voucher cited: H.M. Smith 2
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
cultivated
University of California (2006)
Ornamental
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mopelia (Mapetia, Maupiha‘a, Maupihoa, Mopiha‘a) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Sachet, M.-H. (1983) (p. 25)
Voucher cited: Sachet 984 (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 303)
Voucher cited: BRY 25374
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Manuae (Scilly) Atoll (Society Islands) introduced
Sachet, M.-H. (1983) (p. 25)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 65)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 303)
Voucher cited: Grant 4320
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 2860 (PAP)
Ornementale répandue, utilisée en bordures.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tetiaroa Atoll introduced
cultivated
Sachet, M.-H./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (pp. 63, 65)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Moruroa Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Niau Atoll introduced
invasive
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10192 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Raro‘ia Atoll   Doty, Maxwell S. (1954) (p. 26)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Raro‘ia Atoll introduced
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Fourdrigniez, Marie (2008) (p. 16)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Takapoto Atoll introduced
cultivated
Sachet, M-H. (1983) (p. 17)
Crinum sp. aff. asiaticum L.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 6043 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 125)
Voucher cited: Stone 4668 (GUAM)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Also var. pedunculatum
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1459)
Occasional escape.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kure Atoll introduced
Starr, Forest/Martz, Kim/Loope, Lloyd (2001) (p. 11)
Previously reported, not observed in this survey.
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands native
Toyoda, Takeshi (2003) (p. 268)
Var. sinicum Backer
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands   Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Var. sinicum (Roxb. ex Herb.) Baker
Kiribati
Banaba Island
Banaba (Ocean) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Flint Island introduced
cultivated
St. John, Harold/Fosberg, F. Raymond (1937) (p. 4)
Voucher cited: St. John & Fosberg 17452 (BISH)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Kiritimati (Christmas) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 19)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Tabuaeran (Fanning) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 19)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Teraina (Washington) Island introduced
cultivated
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 19)
Kiribati
Phoenix Islands
Kanton Island introduced
Luomala, Katharine (1951) (p. 172)
Voucher cited: Luomala 4
Kiribati
Phoenix Islands
Manra (Sydney) Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Stoddart, D. R. (1994) (p. 29)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg & Stoddart 54874 (US), Bryan 45
Persisting in old village sites.
Kiribati
Phoenix Islands
Nikumaroro (Gardner) Atoll introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Stoddart, D. R. (1994) (p. 29)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 55769 (US, BISH)
Persisting in old village sites.
Kiribati
Phoenix Islands
Orona (Hull) Atoll introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Stoddart, D. R. (1994) (p. 29)
Voucher cited: Long 1998
Persisting in old village sites.
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Onotoa Atoll introduced
cultivated
Moul, Edwin T. (1957) (p. 11)
Voucher cited: Moul 8304 (US)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Bikini (Pikinni) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. procerum
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Bikini (Pikinni) Atoll introduced
abo. intro.
Fosberg, F. R. (1988) (p. 11)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Enewetak (Ãnewetak, Eniwetok) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. procerum
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. procerum
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1962) (p. 11)
Vouchers cited: St. John (BISH), Fosberg 26749 (US), Fosberg 26780 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kili (Kõle) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2006) (p. 2)
"Possible aboriginal introduction. Uncommon as an ornamental around a few houses".
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 103)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Namu Atoll   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
var. procerum
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Rongelap (Roñlap) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. procerum
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Wotho (Wõtto) Atoll introduced
invasive
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 6)
Var. procerum (Carey) Bak.; voucher cited: Fosberg 34278 (US)
Persisting from cultivation.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Ailuk (Aelok) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. procerum
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Ailuk (Aelok) Atoll introduced
invasive
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 6)
Var. procerum (Carey) Bak.; voucher cited: Fosberg 33956 (US)
Persisting from cultivation.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. pedunculatum, var. procerum
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2007) (p. 1)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Likiep Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. pedunculatum, var. procerum
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Likiep Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 6)
Vouchers cited: Fosberg 27001 (US); var. procerum (Carey) Bak., voucher cited: 33820 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 21)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
St. John, Harold (1951) (p. 281)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Mili (Mile) Atoll introduced
abo. intro.
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2010) (p. A3)
Not observed; although previously reported, this species may be extinct.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Utirik (Utrik, Utrõk) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. procerum
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Utirik (Utrik, Utrõk) Atoll introduced
invasive
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 6)
Var. procerum (Carey) Bak.; voucher cited: Fosberg 33686 (US)
Persisting from cultivation.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Wotje (Wõjjã) Atoll   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
var. procerum
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
cultivated
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 56)
Vouchers cited: Thaman & Manner 122 (SUVA), Hassall 216 (SUVA)
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Walpole native
Renevier, Alain/Cherrier, Jean-Francois (1991) (p. 14)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 218)
Voucher cited: CHR 169977
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (p. 34)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9962 (BISH)
"Ingtroduced ornamental. Frequent near dwellings and occasional along roadsides as an escape".
Palau
Hatohobei Group
Tobi Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
var. pedunculatum
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1977) (voucher ID: BNM 66)
Taxon name on voucher: Crinum asiaticum L.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. procerum
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngerchong Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 59)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Merir Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
var. pedunculatum
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (pp. 101-102)
var. pedunculatum
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1968) (voucher ID: BNM 67)
Taxon name on voucher: Crinum asiaticum L.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
cultivated
Merrill, Elmer D. (1925) (p. 210)
Along sandy seashores, sometimes planted inland.
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 103)
"Cliff and steep slopes".
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
cultivated
St. John, H. (1987) (p. 27)
Observed in cultivation, 1934.
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 60)
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands introduced
cultivated
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 81)
"Occasionally cultivated as an ornamental throughout Tonga".
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Niuatoputapu Island introduced
cultivated
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 81)
Voucher cited: Hürlimann 399
Tuvalu
Tuvalu (Ellis) Islands
Nui Atoll   Woodroffe, C. D. (1985) (p. 10)
Voucher cited: Woodroffe 135 (CHR)
Tuvalu
Tuvalu (Ellis) Islands
Tuvalu Islands   Unknown (year unknown)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Johnston Atoll
Johnston Island introduced
cultivated
Amerson, A. Binion, Jr./Shelton, Philip C. (1976) (p. 54)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Eastern Island introduced
cultivated
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd (2008) (pp. B-7)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Sand Island introduced
cultivated
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd (2008) (pp. B-7)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (p. 30)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
var. sinicum. (Roxburgh ex Herbert) Baker. Seashores, sandy places near river banks. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi.
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 358)
var. sinicum (Roxb. ex Herb.) Baker. On sandy beach and river banks.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Java
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Negara Brunei Darussalam
Brunei
Brunei (Negara Brunei Darussalam) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) native
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 29)
Critically endangered
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
var. sinicum. (Roxburgh ex Herbert) Baker. Seashores, sandy places near river banks.
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island native
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1993) (p. 20)
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands native
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1993) (p. 38)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
cultivated
Topp, J. M. W. (1988) (p. 13)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
cultivated
Whistler, W. Arthur (1996) (p. 31)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Rivers, Julie (2004) (pp. 1, 6)
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Addu Atoll   Spicer, R. A./Newberry, D. MacC. (1979) (p. 14)
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Maldive Islands   Fosberg, F. R. (1957) (p. 15)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Cousin Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 23)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 52184 (US)


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This page was created on 9 JAN 2004 and was last updated on 17 MAR 2013.