Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Cotinus coggygria
Scopoli, Anacardiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 4 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Rhus cotinus L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: huang lu

English: European smoketree, fustet, smokebush, smoketree, Venetian-sumac, wigtree, young fustic

Spanish: fustete

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Shrubs, 3-5 m tall. Petiole up to 3.5 cm; leaf blade broadly elliptic to obovate, 3-8 x 2.5-6 cm, gray pubescent on both sides or more distinctly so abaxially, base rounded to broadly cuneate, margin entire, apex rounded to retuse, lateral veins 6-11 pairs. Inflorescence paniculate, pubescent. Pedicel 7-10 mm; flower ca. 3 mm in diameter. Calyx glabrous, lobes ovate-triangular, ca. 1.2 x 0.8 mm. Petals ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2-2.5 x ca. 1 mm. Stamens ca. 1.5 mm; anthers ovoid, equal to filaments in length. Disk 5-lobed, purplish brown. Ovary subglobose, ca. 0.5 mm in diameter; styles 3, free, unequal. Drupe reniform, ca. 4.5 x 2.5 mm, glabrous"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  In China (native), "hill forests, hill and mountain thickets; 700-2400 m"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Europe and Asia; cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
cultivated
Imada, Clyde T./Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2013)
cv. Purpureus. Waimea Arboretum & Botanical Garden
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 29)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (except British Colombia)
Canada
Canada (country) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Ontario
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
CT, IL, MA, MD, NJ, NY, OH, PA, UT, VT


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JUN 2011 and was last updated on 10 JUN 2011.