Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Coreopsis lanceolata
L., Asteraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: da jin ji ju, jian ye jin ji ju

English: coreopsis, garden coreopsis, lanceleaf coreopsis, lanceleaf tickseed, tickseed

French: coréopsis lancéolé

Hawaiian: ko‘oko‘olau haole

Mangarevan: eie

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Clumped perennial herbs 2-7 dm tall, villous or sometimes glabrous.  Leaves simple, clustered toward base, spatulate to linear or linear-lanceolate, usually 5-20 cm long, 0.5-2 cm wide, with 1-2 pairs of entire-margined lateral lobes or margins entire, the lower ones petiolate, becoming sessile above.  Heads few, on long naked peduncles usually 2-4 dm long; outer involucral bracts lanceolate, 5-10 mm long, margins scarious and ciliate; chaffy bracts attenuate; rays yellow, 1.5-3 cm long; disk corollas yellow, usually 5-lobed; pappus of 2 short scales.  Achenes 2-3 (-4) mm long, margins with thin, flat wings."  (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 289, 1859).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "commonly cultivated and now sparingly naturalized" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 289, 1859). A weed of agricultural land and wasteland in South Africa and waste areas and roadsides in Queensland, Australia (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 152).

Propagation:  Wind-dispersed seed and rhizomes (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 152).

Native range:  United States and Canada (Ontario); cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
cultivated
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 25)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 11045 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 289)
Voucher cited: Fagerlund & Mitchell 506 (BISH)
Sparingly naturalized.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
Wester, Lyndon (1992) (p. 128)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 289)
Sparingly naturalized.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Meidell, J. Scott/Oppenheimer, H. L./Bartlett, R. T. (1997) (p. 17)
West Maui. Voucher cited: Meidell & Oppenheimer 124 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim (2013) (p. 34)
East Maui. Voucher cited: Starr, Starr & Takeda 120424-01 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
Wester, Lyndon (1992) (p. 128)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 285)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
Victoria
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 152)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Sandy soils, ditches and roadsides, other disturbed sites. Widely cultivated and naturalized.
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 279)
Ornamental.
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 190)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 213)
"Waste places and sandy areas in and around cemeteries, roadsides".
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (except British Colombia)
Canada
Canada (country) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ontario
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 20 MAR 2005 and was last updated on 16 MAR 2013.