Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Cinnamomum burmannii
(dummy value for TaxonCode Authority; this value should be replaced!!).......Lauraceae


High risk, score: 12 (Go to the risk assessment) Cinnamomum burmanni (Nees & T. Nees) Nees ex Blume; Cinnamomum mindanaense Elmer; Laurus burmanni Nees & T. Nees

Chinese: yin xiang

English: Batavia cinnamon, Batavia-cassia, Indonesian cassia, Java-cassia, Korintje-cassia, Padang cassia, Padang cinnamon

French: cannelier d'Indonésie, cannelier de Malaisie, petite cannelle

"Trees, up to 14 m tall, to 30 cm d.b.h. Bark smooth, gray-brown to dark brown outside, red inside, cassia-scented. Branchlets green or brown-green, slender, striate, glabrous. Leaves alternate or subopposite, rarely opposite; petiole 0.5-1.2 cm, plano-convex, subglabrous; leaf blade glaucous green and opaque abaxially, green and shiny adaxially, ovate or oblong to lanceolate, 5.5-10.5 x  2-5 cm, leathery, glabrous on both surfaces, triplinerved, midrib and basal lateral veins very elevated abaxially, conspicuous adaxially, basal lateral veins arising 3-8 mm above leaf base, evanescent toward leaf apex, transverse veins and veinlets somewhat elevated on both surfaces, ± reticulate, base broadly cuneate, apex shortly acuminate. Panicle axillary or subterminal, shorter than leaf, (2-) 3-6 cm, few flowered, lax, densely gray puberulent, branched, apex of branch bearing a 3-flowered cyme. Pedicels slender, 4-6 mm, gray puberulent. Flowers green-white, ca. 5 mm. Perianth densely gray puberulent outside and inside; perianth tube short, obconical, ca. 2 mm; perianth lobes oblong-ovate, acute. Fertile stamens 9, ca. 2.5 mm (of 1st and 2nd whorls) or ca. 2.7 mm (of 3rd whorl); filaments puberulent, those of 3rd whorl each with 2 subsessile globose glands, others glandless; anthers oblong, 4-celled; cells introrse (of 1st and 2nd whorls) or extrorse (of 3rd whorl). Staminodes 3, narrowly triangular, ca. 1 mm, stalked; stalk ca. 0.7 mm, puberulent. Ovary subglobose, ca. 1.5 mm, somewhat puberulent; style ca. 2 mm, angled, somewhat puberulent; stigma discoid. Fruit ovoid, ca. 8 x  5 mm; perianth cup in fruit ca. 4 mm, apex ca. 3 mm wide, dentate, teeth truncate"  (Flora of China online).

"Trees; young branches terete, glabrous.  Leaves glossy green, alternate, often opposite at tips of young branches, narrowly ovate to ovate, ca. 10 cm long, 3-4 cm wide, tripliveined, glabrous, apex gradually acute.  Flowers strigose, in short, paniculate inflorescences; tepals 6, equal, ca. 4 mm long, strigose; fertile stamens 9, outer 6 introrse, inner 3 extrorse, staminodia present, cordate.  Fruit an ellipsoid berry, subtended by a small capsule that has the basal, truncate parts of tepals attached to the rim"  (Wagner et al.,1999; p. 846). Planted as a forestry tree. Naturalizes in moist and wet forests.  In Hawai‘i, "cultivated on O‘ahu, where it has become naturalized" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 846). Bird-dispersed seed. Southeast Asia and the Philippines (GRIN).
Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Shannon, Robynn K./Herbst, Derral R. (1997) (p. 57)
Voucher cited: Herbst 9787 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2004) (pp. 23-24)
Voucher cited: Starr & Starr 020225-6 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Oppenheimer, Hank (2007) (p. 25)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer & K.R. Wood H80623 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R. (1995) (p. 22)
Voucher cited: Flynn et al. 2717 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Meidell, J. Scott/Oppenheimer, H. L./Bartlett, R. T. (1997) (p. 18)
Voucher cited: Meidell & Oppenheimer 128 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 846)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
cultivated
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 187)
Rare in cultivation.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Sparse or dense forests and thickets, roadsides along streams; 100-1400 m (to 2100 m in Yunnan)".
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 42)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Celebes, Java
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 26)
Cultivated only
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Cultivé/±envahissant"

Chemical:  "May be difficult to control. Susceptible to injected imazapyr or undiluted triclopyr amine applied to frills (Hank Oppenheimer, Maui Pine)" (Motooka et al., 2003).


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

(Creation date and page last updated information is unavailable for this page.) .