Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Centaurium cachanlahuen
(Molina) B.L. Rob., Gentianaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Gentiana cachanlahuen Molina

Common name(s): [more details]

English: cachanlagua, cachanlahuen, cachen cachanlaui, kachan-l-lawe

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Annual herb 5-40 cm in height, erect, glabrous. Stems quadrangular, sub-alate, dichotomously branching. Leaves opposite, sessile, entire. Inferior leaves oblong-lancoelate or oval, acute, 1-3 cm long by 0.5-2 cm wide; superior leaves smaller, linear or narrowly lanceolate. Inflorescence drooping panicles or terminal cymes, usually dichotomous. Flowers intense pink, peduncles 1-4 mm length; tubular calyx 5-10 mm long with 4-5 laciniae longer than the calyx tube, sublinear, acute; hypocrateriform corolla, tube 8-12 mm long, limb 3-6 mm long, 4-5 lobed, lobes elliptical-oblongate, obstuse. Stamens 4-5, opposite to petals, adnate to the corolla; filaments simple; anthers oblong, linear, spiral after flowering. Ovary oblong; style filiform; stigma bi-lamellate. Fruit in membranous capsule, veined, linear-oblong up to 1.2 cm long. Seeds numerous, oval, rough, sub-alate, 0.2-0.3 mm long"  (ICS-UNIDO Medical and Aromatic Plants online).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Argentina, Chile (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 460, 463, 552)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Santa Clara introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Santa Clara introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 460, 463, 552)
Voucher cited: Danton D(917)780
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Chile (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 15 DEC 2010 and was last updated on 31 DEC 2011.