Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Campanula rapunculoides
L., Campanulaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Other Latin names:  Campanula cordifolia K. Koch; Campanula rhomboidalis Gorter; Campanula trachelioides M. Bieb.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: clochettes, creeping bellflower, European bellflower, Lygurian bellflower, rampion bellflower, rover bellflower, roving bellflower

French: campanule fausse-raiponce

Spanish: campanola

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Hairy or hispid rhizomatous perennial, with erect stems to 1 m tall and creeping, slender rhizomes. Basal and lowermost cauline leaves with long slender petioles > lamina; lamina 6-10 x 3-6 cm, ovate, hairy, especially on veins below, crenate-serrate; base subcordate or cordate; apex short-acuminate or acute; most cauline leaves sessile or shortly petiolate, 5-15 x 0.7-5 cm, narrow-ovate or lanceolate; base cuneate to attenuate, otherwise similar to basal leaves. Lower bracts similar to upper cauline leaves; upper bracts linear to subulate, mostly > pedicels. Racemes long, terminal, puberulent; flowers secund, ± nodding; pedicels c. 5 mm long, puberulent, becoming ± recurved by anthesis. Calyx teeth c. 7 mm long, narrowly oblong or lanceolate, hairy or glabrate, reflexed. Corolla 2-3 cm long, campanulate-funnelform, violet-blue or bluish mauve; lobes = or slightly < tube, not spreading widely or reflexing. Stigmas 3-(4). Capsule 3-celled, 6-9 mm long, obovoid, dehiscing by basal slits"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 460).

Habitat/ecology:  In New Zealand, "roadsides, old cemeteries, neglected gardens and similar habitats not far from habitation"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 460).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Europe and western Asia; also cultivated and naturalized (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 477, 523, 552)
Voucher cited: Danton H(1505)1266. "Escapada de los jardines donde se reproduce bien, se encuentra aqui y allá en el pueblo de San Jaun Bautista en RC".
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
"Naturalised in Kosciuszko National Park in disturbed snow gum woodland".
Canada (British Colombia)
Province of British Columbia
Canada (British Columbia) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Guatemala (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 189)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 460)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Washington) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (except British Colombia)
Canada
Canada (country) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 8 FEB 2011 and was last updated on 8 MAR 2013.