Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Callitris columellaris
F.Muell., Cupressaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 9 (Go to the risk assessment).

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Bribie Island-pine, coast cypress-pine, coastal-cypress, cypress-pine, Murray River-pine, Murray-pine, northern cypress-pine, sand-cypress, slender native cypress-pine, western cypress-pine, western sand-cypress, western-cypress, white cypress-pine, white-pine

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Erect, columnar tree to 30 m tall. Branches erect or fastigiate. Leaves 1-3 mm long on ultimate branchlets, dark green; dorsal surface rounded. Male cones solitary or clustered, cylindrical, to 5 mm long. Female cones solitary on slender fruiting branchlets, ovoid or depressed-globular, 15-20 mm in diameter, shedding seeds and deciduous shortly after maturity; cone scales 6, thin, separating almost to the base and spreading widely after opening; dorsal point below the apex small or absent; alternate scales reduced; larger scales apically sharply inturned; columella variable, usually thick and 3-angled, 5-7 mm high. Seeds numerous, chestnut-coloured; wings 2 or 3, c. 4 mm wide"  (Flora of Australia online).

Habitat/ecology:  In Australia (native), "locally abundant on deep coastal sands"  (Flora of Australia online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Australia; also cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1997) (voucher ID: BISH 653864)
Taxon name on voucher: Callitris columellaris F. Muell
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1955) (voucher ID: BISH 115351)
Taxon name on voucher: Callitris columellaris F. Muell
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Oppenheimer, Hank L. (2002) (pp. 20-21)
West Maui. Vouchers cited: Oppenheimer H119814 (BISH), Oppenheimer H119815 (BISH), H.F. Clay s.n. (BISH).
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1988) (voucher ID: PTBG 40127)
Taxon name on voucher: Callitris cf. columellaris F. Muell.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1998) (voucher ID: BISH 659095)
Taxon name on voucher: Callitris columellaris F. Muell
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
Oppenheimer, Hank L. (2002) (pp. 20-21)
Voucher cited: C. G. Lennox s.n. (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Frohlich, Danielle/Lau, Alex (2012) (p. 34)
Vouchers cited: J. Beachy & K. Kawelo U.S. Army 158 (BISH), U.S. Army 176
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1944) (voucher ID: BISH 115352)
Taxon name on voucher: Callitris columellaris F. Muell
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australian Capital Territory, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia.
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Voucher cited: J. H. Maiden (NSW)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Vouchers cited: R. Schodde 3556 (CANB, NSW), H.S. McKee 5691 (NSW)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 2 MAR 2012 and was last updated on 9 MAR 2012.