Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Brugmansia candida
Pers., Solanaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results: 

Low risk (based on second screen), score: 2 (Go to the risk assessment (Pacific))
Evaluate, score: 2 (go to the risk assessment (U.S. (Florida)))

Other Latin names:  Datura candida (Pers.) Saff.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: angel's trumpet, white angel's-trumpet

Hawaiian: nānāhonua

Samoan: logo, logo, tagāmimi, tagāmimi

Spanish: borrachero, campana, floripondio, guanto

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Large shrubs or small trees, up to 4 m tall, often spreading clonally, all parts densely pubescent with simple, erect, crisped hairsLeaves simple, alternate, ovate, to 15-25 cm long, 8-12 cm wide, entire, rarely with a few shallow lobes, apex acute to acuminate, base oblique, petioles up to 6 cm long.  Flowers solitary, pendulous, pedicels 3-5 cm long, stout in fruit; calyx tubular, spathe-like, split on 1 side and the lobes not clearly separated, up to 12 cm long; corolla white or pale apricot, 25-30 cm long, tube slender, gradually flaring to the limb, lobe apices broadly triangular and terminated by cusps 2-3 cm long; stamens 5, inserted below middle of corolla tube; filaments 4-5 cm long; anthers distinct, linear, ca 2.5 cm long, opening longitudinally; ovary 2-celled; style 17-19 cm long; stigma oblong, 5-7 mm long, included in corolla throat.  Fruit a capsule, rarely formed, fusiform, reportedly up to 20 cm long, 2 cm wide, pendulous, unarmed.  Seeds (not seen) reportedly numerous, D-shaped, 6-10 mm long, seed coat corky" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 1252-1253).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "frequently cultivated and sparingly established, it may persist as suckering clumps particularly in moist sites" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 1252-1253). Moist uplands in the Galápagos Islands (McMullen, 1999; p. 119).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Peru, widely cultivated as an ornamental" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 1252-1253).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   University of California (2006)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 269)
Vouchers cited: Setchell & Parks 217, Florence 4021
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1252-1253)
Sparingly naturalized.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1252-1253)
Sparingly naturalized.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1252-1253)
Sparingly naturalized.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Hughes, Guy D'Oyly (1995) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: Hughes 6 (US)
Naturalizing in a stream bed. It apparently likes very wet conditions.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1252-1253)
Sparingly naturalized.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 126)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 1218)
"Cultivation escape, in waste places in and around settled areas, also as a long persistent relic of cultivation in old gardens".
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Perú (Republic of) probably native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Chavarría, F., Espinoza, R., Guadamuz, A., Perez, D. y Masís, A. 2000. Species Page de Brugmansia candida (Solanaceae), 24 Febrero 2000. Species Home Pages, Area de Conservación Guanacaste, Costa Rica.


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This page was created on 17 JUN 2004 and was last updated on 22 AUG 2011.