Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Bouteloua aristidoides
(Kunth) Griseb., Poaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 9 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Dinebra aristidoides Kunth

Common name(s): [more details]

English: needle grama

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Annual; caespitose. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; slender; 6-50 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 2-7 cm long; 1-2 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially.  Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 4-15; borne along a central axis; spreading, or deflexed; unilateral; 1.5-3.5 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 2-4 fertile spikelets on each. Central inflorescence axis 2.5-10 cm long; tip subulate. Rhachis deciduous from axis; flattened; pubescent on surface; terminating in a barren extension; extension bristle-like; extension 5-10 mm long. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Raceme-bases linear; 1 mm long; shed with the raceme; acute, or pungent.  Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.  Basal sterile spikelets rudimentary; 1 in number.  Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 1.5-2 mm long; 0.3-0.4 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate.  Fertile lemma lanceolate; 6-8 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma apex dentate; 3 -fid; mucronate; 3 -awned (mucros). Palea apex with excurrent keel veins. Rhachilla extension glabrous. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; rudimentary. Apical sterile lemmas awned; 3 -awned. Apical sterile lemma awns equal; 2-6 mm long.  Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 2.5-3 mm long; light brown. Embryo 0.75 length of caryopsis" (GrassBase).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "North America: southwest USA, south-central USA, and Mexico. South America: Caribbean, western South America, and southern South America"  (GrassBase).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 26 NOV 2008 and was last updated on 6 DEC 2008.