Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Banksia spinulosa
J. E. Smith, Proteaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk (based on second screen), score: 5 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Banksia collina R. Br.; Banksia cunninghamii Sieber ex Rchb.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: golden candlesticks, hairpin banksia, hill banksia, rickrack banksia

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Multistemmed shrub to 3 m high, lignotuber present; bark smooth to tessellated, grey-brown; branchlets tomentose to hirsute. Leaves alternate, scattered, narrow-linear to oblong or narrow-elliptic, 3-10 cm long, 1-10 mm wide, apex obtuse to truncate, base cuneate, margins flat to recurved or revolute, mucronate, usually toothed in upper part, lower surface concealed or conspicuous; petiole 1-3 mm long. Conflorescences 6-15 cm long. Perianth 20-30 mm long, yellow or golden, persistent. Style hooked below apex, yellow throughout or dark red to purple-black in upper part, falling within a year. Follicles up to 100, very crowded, 10-24 mm long, opening either with fire or spontaneously"  (New South Wales Flora Online).

Habitat/ecology:  In New South Wales, Australia:  "Widespread in heath and dry sclerophyll forest and woodland"  (New South Wales Flora Online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria) (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
cultivated
Imada, Clyde T./Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2013)
Maui Agricultural Research Center (Kula Experimental Farm)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Victoria
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales native
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JUN 2011 and was last updated on 10 JUN 2011.