Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Artocarpus nitidus
Trec., Moraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate; score: 3 (Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment for Artocarpus nitidus)

Other Latin names:  (no species-level synonyms found)

Common name(s): [more details]

Unknown: hung kwai muk, kwai muk, ma hat

Habit:  tree

Description:  "[Artocarpus nitidus] has glossy, elliptic to obovate, entire, 3-5" long leaves; axillary inflorescenses, the staminate oblong to club-shaped, the pistillate heads more or less globose; and lumpy multiple fruit 1.5-2" in diameter with yellow, downy-hairy skin when ripe, the flesh salmon-orange and containing 1-8 peas-sized, hard gray seeds." (A Tropical Garden Flora, p. 404)

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  seed (Useful tropical plants)

Native range:  China, Taiwan, India, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands (GRIN)

"native from southern China throughout Southeast Asia" (subsp. lingnanensis) (A Tropical Garden Flora, p. 404)

Impacts and invaded habitats:  (no invaded habitats or impacts known by PIER; please let us know if you know of such information we should add here)


Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)   Consortium of Pacific Herbaria (2018)

Comments:  "A few trees of Artocarpus nitidus Trécul are grown around Honolulu. . . . [Artocarpus nitidus] is said to have been introduced to Hawai'i around 1960 from southern China. It is sparingly grown elsewhere." (A Tropical Garden Flora, p. 404)

Control:  If you know of control methods for Artocarpus nitidus, please let us know.

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This page was created on 12 SEP 2017 and was last updated on 21 MAY 2018.