Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Allophylus cobbe
(L.) Raeusch., Sapindaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 9 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Rhus cobbe L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: dian nan yi mu huan

Habit:  tree

Description:  "A small tree, monoecious; branchlets and petiolules sparsely pubescent. Leaves trifoliolate; leaflets ovate to elliptic, cuneate to obtuse at base, weakly serrate or entire, acuminate, glabrous, with 8-12 lateral veins each side; lamina 8-15 cm long; petiole 2-8 cm long; petiolules 3-12 mm long. Inflorescence 8-15 cm long, c. 5 mm in diameter, usually simple; rachis pubescent; pedicels c. 1 mm long. Flowers c. 1.5 mm in diameter Sepals orbicular, the outer pair smaller and more strongly hooded. Petals spathulate, c. 1 mm long, with a hairy scale inside. Fruit a single drupe, obovoid, 6-7 mm long, 4-5 mm in diameter, orange-red, several on each inflorescence"  (Flora of Australia online).

Description of var. velutinus Corner on the Flora of China online.

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, planted in several botanical gardens.  It "has spread from its original plantings in both Waimea Botanical Garden (where it has proven to be an aggressive invader) and in Ho‘omaluhia Botanical Garden.  In Waimea, this plant has spread despite gardeners' efforts to control it" (Frohlich & Lau, 2008; p. 9).

Propagation:  Seed and root fragments  (Frohlich & Lau, 2008; p. 9).

Native range:  Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Myanmar, China, Philippines (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 559166)
Taxon name on voucher: Allophylus cobbe (L.) Raeusch.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Frohlich, Danielle/Lau, Alex (2008) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: D. Frohlich & A. Lau s.n. (BISH 725941)
Papua New Guinea
Bougainville Islands
Bougainville Island   Foreman, D. B. (1971) (p. 58)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1989) (voucher ID: PTBG 14407)
Taxon name on voucher: Allophylus cobbe
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
var. velutinus Corner
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) native
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 12)
Common
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
India (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Andaman Islands
Andaman Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
India (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Nicobar Islands
Nicobar Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 19 FEB 2010 and was last updated on 20 FEB 2013.