Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)


Report on invasive plant species in Tonga


Appendix 9

Invasive and potentially invasive species present in the Ha‘apai island group

Scientific Name Common Names Family Habit Location, Ha'apai
Acacia auriculiformis English:  Papuan wattle, auri, earleaf acacia, northern black wattle, ear-pod wattle; Other: tuhkehn pwelmwahu (Pohnpei) Fabaceae tree Lifuka
Adenanthera pavonina English: Coral bean tree, red sandalwood tree, red bead tree, lopa, bead tree, false wiliwili, peacock flower-fence; French: bois de condori; Other:  kaikes (Pohnpei); mwetkwem (Kosrae); colales, culalis, kolales, kulales, kulalis (Guam, CNMI); metekam, metkam, metkem, (Kosrae); telengtúngd, telentundalel (Palau); pomea (Fiji, Niue), lera, lere ndamu, vaivai, vaivai ni vavalangi (Fiji), lopa, la‘au lopa (American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga); paina, pitipitio (French Polynesia) Fabaceae tree Lifuka/Foa, 'Uiha
Aleurites moluccana English:  candlenut, Indian walnut; French:  bancoulier, bancoulier, noyer de bancoul, noyer des Moluques; Other:  lumbang (Guam), raguar (Caroline Islands); sakan, shakan (Pohnpei); lama (American Samoa and Samoa); kukui (Hawai’i); tuitui (Cook Islands, Niue, Tonga), 'ama (Marquesas); lauci, lauthe, lauthi, toto, tuitui, tutui, waiwai, sekeci,sikethi, sikeli, nggerenggere (Fiji); tahii tiairi, ti’a’iri, tutui, tahiri (French Polynesia) Euphorbiaceae tree Late, Lifuka/Foa, Tofua
Allamanda cathartica* English:  yellow trumpet vine, golden trumpet, allamanda, brownbud allamanda, golden allamanda, golden cup; French:  monette jaune, li’ane s’aime; Other:  pua taunofo (American Samoa and Samoa), lani-ali‘i (Hawai‘i) Apocynaceae shrub Lifuka
Annona muricata English: soursop, prickly custard apple; French:  corossolier, cacheimantier épineux, cachiman épineux, corossol épineux; Other: saasaf, sasaf (Chuuk); tapotapo papaa (French Polynesia); laguana, laguaná, laguanaha, laguanaba, labuanaha (Guam); sosap (Kosrae); jojaab (Marshall Islands); syasyap (Northern Mariana Islands), talapo fotofoto (Niue), sausab (Palau); sei, sae, truka shai (Pohnpei); sasalapa (Samoa); ‘apele ‘initia (Tonga); sausau (Yap) Annonaceae tree Ha’ano, Lifuka/Foa, ‘Uiha
Annona squamosa English: sugar apple, sweetsop, custard apple, sugar apple; French: annone écailleuse, pomme-canelle; Other:  atis, ates (Guam); ngel ra ngebard (Palau), ‘apele papalangi, ‘apele Tonga (Tonga), tapotapo (French Polynesia) Annonaceae tree Lifuka/Foa
Antigonon leptopus* English:  Mexican creeper, mountain rose, Confederate vine, chain-of-love, hearts on a chain, love-vine, coral bells, coral vine, queen’s jewels, kadena de amor, corallita; Other: dilngau (Palau); rohsapoak (Pohnpei) Polygonaceae vine Lifuka/Foa
Arundo donax English:  giant reed, Spanish reed, wild cane; French: canne de Provence, grand roseau; Other:  ngasau ni vavalangi (Fiji); fiso papalagi (Samoa); kaho folalahi (Tonga) Poaceae grass Lifuka
Asparagus densiflorus English:  asparagus fern, sprengeri fern, smilax, regal fern Liliaceae herb Lifuka
Asparagus setaceus English: ornamental asparagus, climbing asparagus fern, plumosa; French: asperge plumeuse; Other:  taupo ‘ou (Tonga) Liliaceae vine Lifuka/Foa, 'Uiha
Asystasia gangetica English: Chinese violet, Philippine violet, coromandel Acanthaceae herb Lifuka
Bauhinia monandra English:  orchid-tree, St. Thomas-tree, Napoleon's plume; flamboyant (Pohnpei), flores mariposa (CNMI); mariposa (Guam); pink butterfly tree (Fiji); Other:  pine fua loloa (Niue), vae povi (American Samoa and Samoa) Fabaceae tree Ha'ano, Lifuka/Foa
Breynia disticha* English:  snowbush, snowbush breynia, sweetpea bush, foliage-flower Euphorbiaceae shrub Ha'ano, Lifuka/Foa, 'Uiha
Bryophyllum pinnatum English:  life plant, air plant, resurrection plant, Canterbury bells, cathedral bells, Mexican love plant; Spanish: hoja del aire; Other: bulatawamudu (Fiji); ‘oliwa ku kahakai (Hawai'i); teang (Kiribati); kibilia (Marshall Islands); tupu he lau, tupu noa (Niue); pipi vao (Tonga) Crassulaceae herb Ha'ano, Lifuka/Foa, 'Uiha
Cananga odorata English: perfume tree; French: canang odorant; Other: ilang-ilang, alang-ilang (Guam, Philippines); ylang-ylang, lengileng (CNMI); chiráng, irang (Palau); ilanlang, ilahnglahng (Kosrae); pwanang, pwuur, pwalang (Chuuk); pur-n-wai, pwurenwai, sair-n-wai, seirin wai, seir en wai (Pohnpei); ilanilan, ilañlañ (Marshall Islands); motoi (Niue); makasoi, makosoi, makusui, mokohoi, mokosoi (Fiji); moso‘oi (American Samoa and Samoa); mohoki, mohokoi, mohokoi (Tonga); moto‘oi, mata‘oi (Cook Islands, Niue, Tahiti); moto‘i (Tahiti); lanalana (Hawai‘i) Annonaceae tree Lifuka/Foa
Canna indica English:  canna, canna lily, Indian shot; French: balisier comestible, tous-les-mois; Other:  mongos halum-tano (Guam); luiuenwai (Pohnpei); apeellap, oruuru (Puluwat); fanamanu, fagamanu, fa‘i masoa (American Samoa and Samoa); gasau ni ga (Fiji); te riti (Kiribati), misimisi (Tonga); fagafaga (Futuna); ali‘ipoe, li'ipoe, poloka (Hawai'i); pia-raroto‘a (French Polynesia) Cannaceae herb Ha'ano, Lifuka/Foa
Ceiba pentandra English: kapok, kapok tree, silk-cotton tree, pacae; French:  kapokier, capoc, bois coton; Spanish: ceibo; Other: koton (Chuuk); algodon de Manila, atgodon di Manila, algidon, atgidon de Manila (Guam); koatoa, atagodon, arughuschel (Saipan), batte ni gan' ken (Yap); bulik, kotin (Marshall Islands); cottin, koatun, koatoa (Pohnpei); kuhtin, cutin (Kosrae); kalngebard, kalngebárd, kerrekar ngebard (Palau); vauvau ni vavalangi, semar (Fiji); vavae (American Samoa, Samoa, Niue, Tonga); vavau ni lokoloko (from Ecoport, source not given) Bombacaceae tree Ha’ano, Lifuka/Foa, ‘Uiha
Cenchrus ciliaris English:  buffelgrass, African foxtail grass, anjan grass; French: cenchrus cilié Poaceae grass Lifuka/Foa
Cenchrus echinatus English:  burgrass, sand-bur, southern sandbur, Mossman River grass (Australia); French:  herbe a cateaux (Mauritius); Other: tuitui, vao tuitui, vao papalagi (American Samoa and Samoa); se mbulabula (Fiji); piri-piri, pipiri (French Polynesia); mau‘u kuku, ‘ume‘alu (Hawai'i); te anti, te kateketeke (Kiribati); cram-cram (New Caledonia); motie vihilago, mosie vihilango (Niue); lõklõk, kãlõklõk, lellik, lekelik, liklik, karmwijmwij, karumwij (Marshall Islands); cauit-cauitan (Philippines); hefa (Tonga) Poaceae grass Ha’ano, Lifuka/Foa
Centrosema pubescens English:  centro, butterfly-pea; French: fleur-languette, pois bâtard; Other:  pi ni ndola (Fiji) Fabaceae herb Lifuka/Foa
Cestrum diurnum English:  inkberry, day jessamine, day cestrum, China berry; Other: thauthau (Fiji); tinta ‘n-China, tentanchinu, tintan China (Guam, CNMI); makahala (Hawai'i); sugi vao, suni vao (Samoa); vaitohi (Tonga) Solanaceae shrub Lifuka/Foa
Chamaecrista nictitans English: partridge pea, Japanese tea senna; Other:  lauki (Hawai‘i); kobo-cha, nemu-cha (Japan) Fabaceae shrub Lifuka/Foa
Chrysopogon aciculatus English: Mackie's pest, lovegrass, seed grass, golden beardgrass, seedy grass (Solomon Islands); French: herbe plate, herbe à piquant; Other: papapa (French Polynesia); inifuk, palaii (Guam); manienie ‘ula, pi‘ipi‘i, pilipili ‘ula (Hawai‘i); mosie fisi (Niue); iul (Palau); mutia tai, mutia vao (Samoa); matapekepeke, matapekapeka matapekepeka (Tonga); herbe plate (Vanuatu) Poaceae grass Late, Tofua
Clerodendrum buchananii var. fallax English:  red clerodendrum, pagoda-flower; Other:  talufe (Niue); amo’ula, amo’ule (Tonga), lau'awa (Hawai'i) Verbenaceae shrub Lifuka/Foa
Clitoria ternatea* English:  butterfly pea, Asian pigeonwings; French: honte; Other:  buikike, bukike, paokeke, bukike paokeke, capa de la reina, kapa de la raina (Guam); putitainubia (CNMI); pepe (Niue); latoela, nawa (Fiji), paipa (Tonga) Fabaceae vine Nomuka
Coffea arabica* English: coffee; French: café, caféier d’ Arabie; Spanish: café, cafeto; Other:  kove (Fiji); kofe (Fiji, Niue, Samoa), kofi (Tonga); kafe (Marquesas); taofe (Tahiti) Rubiaceae tree Lifuka/Foa
Commelina diffusa English: commelina, dayflower, wandering Jew, spiderwort; Spanish:  chiriyuyo; Other: semprebiban-damalong (Guam); honohono (Hawai‘i); mau‘utoga, mau‘u Tonga (American Samoa and Samoa); mohuku vai, musie matala pulu (Tonga); ai rorongi, ai rongorongo, airogorogo, cobulabula, rongomatailevu, thombulambula, matembulambula, drano,duludauwere, ndrano, ndulandauwere, luna, tho nggalonggalo (Fiji), ma‘apape (French Polynesia) Commelinaceae herb Late
Costus speciosus English:  crepe ginger, crape ginger, wild ginger, Malay ginger, canereed; Other:  isebsab (Palau) Zingiberaceae herb Lifuka/Foa
Crassocephalum crepidoides English:  thickhead, fireweed, redflower ragleaf; Other:  fua lele, pualele (American Samoa and Samoa); maraburubo (Solomon Islands); fisi puna (Tonga); se vuka (Fiji) Asteraceae herb Late
Digitaria ciliaris English:  Henry's crabgrass, smooth crabgrass, tropical crab grass, large crab grass, southern crabgrass, fingergrass, summer grass; French: digitaire ciliée; Other:  kukaepua'a (Hawai'i); Saulangi (Niue) Poaceae grass Late
Duranta erecta English:  duranta, golden dewdrop, pigeon-berry, sky-flower; Other:  ‘olive (Tonga) Verbenaceae shrub Lifuka/Foa
Eleusine indica English: goosegrass, wiregrass, goose foot, crow's foot, bullgrass; French: pied de poule; Other: fahitalo, lau ta‘a ta‘a, ta‘a ta‘a (American Samoa and Samoa); kavoronaisivi, vorovoroisivi, ghoraya (Fiji); tamamau (French Polynesia), umog (Guam); manienie ali‘i (Hawai'i); mahkwekwe (Kosrae); katejukjuk (Marshall Islands); mosie fahitalo (Niue); deskim, keteketarmalk (Palau); reh takai (Pohnpei); takataka, takataka ‘a leala, mohuku siamane (Tonga); te uteute (from Ecoport, source not given) Poaceae grass Late, Lifuka/Foa,  Tofua
Ficus benjamina English: weeping fig, baka, Java fig, weeping fig ; Other: ‘ovava fisi (Tonga) Moraceae tree Ha’ano, Lifuka/Foa, ‘Uiha
Flemingia strobilifera English: luck plant, wild hops; French: sainfoin du bengale; Other: besungelaiei (Palau) Fabaceae shrub Lifuka/Foa
Hyptis pectinata English:  comb hyptis, comb bushmint, mint weed, purple top; French:  fausse menthe; Other:  mumutun lahe, mumutun palaoan, mumutan ademelon (Guam); tamole ni veikau, tamoli ni vavalangi, timothi ni vavalangi, wavuwavu, ndamoli, ben tulsia (Fiji) Lamiaceae herb Ha’ano, Lifuka/Foa, ‘Uiha
Indigofera suffruticosa English: indigo; Other:  aniles (Guam); ‘iniko, inikoa, kolu (Hawai'i); la‘au mageso (Samoa); ‘akau veli (Tonga) Fabaceae shrub Ha’ano, Lifuka/Foa, ‘Uiha
Jatropha curcas English:  physic nut, purging nut, Barbados nut; French: médicinier, pignon d'Inde, purghère; Other:  wiriwiri, wiriwiri ni vavalangi, uto ni vavalangi, banidakai, mbanindakai, manggele, maqele, ndrala (Fiji); fiki (Fiji, Tonga); tuba-tuba (Guam); kuku‘ihi (Hawai‘i), kuikui Pake (Hawai‘i (Ni‘ihau), laupata (Samoa) Euphorbiaceae shrub Ha’ano, Lifuka/Foa, ‘Uiha
Kyllinga nemoralis English: white kyllinga, whitehead spikesedge, whitewater sedge; Other:  kili‘o‘opu (Hawai‘i), ta‘a ta‘a, ta‘a ta‘a vili taliga, matie upo‘o, matie tahiti, mo‘u upo‘onui, mo‘u upo‘o, tuise (Samoa); pakopako, pakopako ‘ae kuma (Tahiti); tuise (Tonga) Cyperaceae sedge Lifuka/Foa
Lablab purpureus English:  hyacinth bean, lablab, bonavist, Egyptian kidney bean, dolichos; French: dolique, dolique d'Egypte, pois nourrice; Other:  ndralawa, natomba, tomba (Fiji); cheribilla apaka, chuchumeko (Guam); papapa, pi (Hawai'i); pini lae puaka (Tonga) Fabaceae vine Lifuka/Foa
Lantana camara English: lantana; Other: latana (American Samoa and Samoa); taramoa (Cook Islands); kauboica, kaumboitha, mbonambulumakau, mbona ra mbulumakau, tokalau, waiwai, lanitana (Fiji); taratara hamoa, taratara moa (French Polynesia); latora moa, tatara moa (French Polynesia (Tahiti)); lakana, la‘au kalakala, lanakana (Ni‘ihau), mikinolia hihiu, mikinolia hohono, mikinolia kuku (Hawai'i); ros fonacni (Kosrae); te kaibuaka, te kaibuaja (Kiribati); migiroa (Nauru), landana, rantana, rahndana, tukasuweth (Pohnpei); talatala, talatala talmoa (Tonga) Verbenaceae shrub Ha’ano, Lifuka/Foa, ‘Uiha
Leonurus japonicus English:  lion’s tail, Chinese motherwort Lamiaceae herb Ha’ano, Lifuka/Foa, ‘Uiha
Leucaena leucocephala English:  leucaena, wild tamarind, lead tree; French: graines de lin, faux-acacia, faux mimosa (New Caledonia); Other:  koa haole, lili-koa, ekoa (Hawai'i); tangantangan, tangan-tangan, talantayan (Guam, CNMI, Marshall Islands); talntangan (CNMI); ganitnityuwan tangantan (Yap); tuhngantuhngan, rohbohtin (Kosrae); telentund (Palau); lopa Samoa (American Samoa and Samoa); fua pepe (American Samoa and Samoa); lusina (Samoa); pepe (Niue and Samoa); tavahi kaku (Niue); nito, toromiro (Cook Islands); siale mohemohe (Tonga); vaivai, vaivai ni vavalangi, vaivai dina, balori (Fiji); atiku (Marquesas); cassis (Vanuatu); te kaitetua (Kiribati); namas (from Ecoport, source not given) Fabaceae tree Ha’ano, Lifuka/Foa, ‘Uiha, Nomuka
Lonicera japonica* English:  Japanese honeysuckle, Hall’s honeysuckle; Other:  honekakala (Hawai'i) Caprifoliaceae vine Lifuka/Foa
Macroptilium atropurpureum English:  siratro, purple bushbean Fabaceae herb Lifuka/Foa
Mimosa pudica English: sensitive plant, sleeping grass; French: sensitive; Other: la‘au fefe, vao fefe, vao tuitui, tuitui (American Samoa and Samoa); ra kau pikikaa, rakau pikika (Cook Islands); tho ngandrongandro, tho kandrodandro, cogadrogadro (Fiji); betguen sosa (Guam); pua hilahila (Hawai‘i); memege (Niue); mechiuaiu (Palau); limemeihr (Pohnpei); pohe ha‘avare, pope ha‘avare (Tahiti); mateloi (Tonga) Fabaceae herb Ha’ano, Late, Lifuka/Foa, ‘Uiha
Momordica charantia English: balsam-apple, bitter-melon, bitter gourd, balsam pear, squirting cucumber, cerasee, peria; French: momordique, margose (Réunion, Mauritius Islands), margose amère, momordique amère, concombre amer, concombre africain; Spanish: achoccha silvestre; Other: almagosa, atmagosu (Guam); atmagoso (Guam, CNMI); markoso (Palau); kerala (Fiji); meleni 'ae kuma, vaine 'initia (Tonga) Cucurbitaceae vine Lifuka/Foa, Tofua
Murraya paniculata English:  orange jessamine, satin-wood, Chinese box, Hawaiian mock orange Rutaceae shrub/tree Ha'ano, Lifuka/Foa
Ocimum gratissimum English:  wild basil, clove basil, tree basil; French:  basilic, menthe gabonaise; Other:  la’au sauga (Samoa) Lamiaceae herb Lifuka/Foa
Operculina ventricosa English: paper rose, St. Thomas lidpod; Other: alalag (Guam); palulu (Samoa); fue hina (Tonga) Convolvulaceae vine Ha'ano, Lifuka/Foa, Tofua
Panicum maximum English: Guinea grass, green panic, buffalograss; French: herbe de Guinéa, panic élevé, capime guiné, fataque; Other: saafa (Tonga) Poaceae grass Lifuka/Foa
Paspalum scrobiculatum English:  rice grass; ditch millet (Fiji); Other:  co duru levu, tho nduru levu, tho ndina, tho ni ndina (Fiji); karasi (Solomon Islands) Poaceae grass Kao, Late, Lifuka/Foa
Passiflora edulis English: passion fruit, yellow passion fruit, purple passion fruit, qarandila, purple granadilla; French: grenadille; Spanish: maracuya (Galapagos Is.); Other:  liliko‘i (Hawai‘i), pompom (Pohnpei); pasio (Samoa); vaine (Tonga) Passifloraceae vine Ha'ano
Passiflora foetida English:  love-in-a-mist, wild passion fruit, passionflower, stinking passionflower; French:  passiflore; Spanish: bedoca (Galapagos Is.); Other: pasio vao (American Samoa and Samoa); bombom (Chuuk), sou, loliloli ni kalavo, qaranidila (Fiji); pohapoha (Hawai‘i); lani wai (Hawai‘i (Ni‘ihau)); tea biku (Kiribati); vine vao (Niue); kudamono (Palau); pompom, pwomwpwomw (Pohnpei); kinahulo‘ atdao, dulce (Saipan); vaine ‘initia (Tonga); tomates (Yap) Passifloraceae vine Ha’ano, Lifuka/Foa, Nomuka, ‘Uiha
Passiflora maliformis English:  hard-shelled passionfruit, sweet calabash, sweet cup; French: pomme calabas; Other:  pasio (Samoa), vaine Tonga, vaine kai (Tonga) Passifloraceae vine Lifuka/Foa
Passiflora quadrangularis* English:  granadilla, giant granadilla; French: barbadine; Spanish:  badea (Galapagos Is.); Other: parapotina maata (Cook Islands); para pautini (French Polynesia); palasini, palatini, vine fua lalahi, vine palasini, tinitini (Niue); kudamono (Palau); pasio (Samoa); pasione (Tonga) Passifloraceae vine Lifuka/Foa
Persea americana* English:  avocado, alligator pear; French: l’avocat; Spanish:  aguacate; Other: apoka (Cook Islands); pea (Fiji); avoka (Niue, Tonga); aviota (Samoa); avota (Samoa and Tahiti); bata (Palau); alageta (Chamorro, Guam) Lauraceae tree Lifuka/Foa
Pimenta dioica* English: pimento, allspice; Other:  sipaisi (Tonga) Myrtaceae tree Lifuka/Foa
Pimenta racemosa* English:  bay tree, bay rum tree, bay oil tree, malagueta; Other:  sinamoni (Tonga) Myrtaceae tree Lifuka/Foa
Pinus caribaea English:  Caribbean pine, Bahamas pine; Other:  paina (Samoa), paini (Tonga) Pinaceae tree Ha'ano, Lifuka/Foa
Piper auritum English: eared pepper, anise piper, Veracruz pepper; Spanish: hoja santa, anisillo, hinojo, sabalero, hoja de la estrella; Other: Hawaiian sakau, false sakau, false kava (Pohnpei) Piperaceae shrub Ha'ano, Lifuka/Foa, 'Uiha
Plectranthus amboinicus English: Mexican mint, Spanish thyme, Cuban oregano; French: oreille; Other:  rhaivoki, sage (Fiji); pasiole (Niue, Tonga); la‘au tai‘e, lau tai‘e, militini (Samoa); kaloni (Tonga) Lamiaceae herb Lifuka/Foa, Nomuka
Psidium guajava English: guava; French: goyavier; Spanish:  guayaba, guayabo; Other: ku‘ava, ku‘avu, tu‘avu (American Samoa and Samoa); kuafa (Chuuk); kuava (Cook Islands, Tonga, Fiji, Samoa); quwawa, nguava, ngguava ni India, amrut (Fiji); tuava, tumu tuava, tuvava (French Polynesia); abas guayaba (Galapagos); (Guam, Saipan-Chamorro, Yap); kuawa, kuawa ke‘oke‘o, kuawa lemi, kuawa momona, pauwa (Hawai‘i); kuhfahfah (Kosrae); te kuawa (Kiribati); kuwawa (Nauru); kautoga, kautonga, kautoga tane, kautonga tane (Niue); guabang, kuabang (Palau); guahva, kuahpa (Pohnpei); apas (Saipan); abwas (Saipan-Carolinian); tu‘ava (Samoa) Myrtaceae tree Ha'ano, Lifuka/Foa,  'Uiha
Pueraria montana var. lobata English:  kudzu, Japanese arrowroot; Other:  deday (Yap); aka (American Samoa, Tonga, Niue, Wallis and Futuna); a'a (American Samoa and Samoa); yaka , wa yaka, nggariaka (Fiji); akataha, fue’aepuaka (Tonga); acha, nepalem Fabaceae vine Ha'ano, Lifuka/Foa,  Tofua
Ricinus communis English: castor bean, castor-oil plant; French: ricin; Spanish: higuerilla; Other: lama palagi, lama papalagi (American Samoa and Samoa); mbele ni vavalagi, toto ni vavalagi, utouto (Fiji); agaliya (Guam); koli, pa‘aila, ka‘apeha, kamakou, la‘au, ‘aila (Hawai‘i); tuitui, tuitui fua ikiiki (Niue); gelug, maskerekur, uluchula skoki (Palau); lepo, lepohina (Tonga) Euphorbiaceae shrub Lifuka/Foa
Samanea saman English: monkeypod, rain tree, saman; French: arbre de pluie; Other: tronkon mames, trongkon-mames (CNMI-Chamorro); filinganga (CNMI-Carolinian); gumor ni spanis (Yap); 'ohai, pu ‘ohai (Hawai'i); vaivai ni vavalangi, vaivai ni vavalagi (Fiji), malapa (Samoa); kasia (Tonga) Fabaceae tree Lifuka/Foa
Sambucus mexicana English: elderberry, Mexican elder Caprifoliaceae small tree Lifuka/Foa
Schefflera arboricola* English:  dwarf brassia, dwarf schefflera, Hawaiian elf schefflera Araliaceae shrub Lifuka/Foa
Senna alata English:  candle bush; candelabra bush, Roman candle tree, emperor's candlesticks, ringworm bush (Australia), alcapulco; French:  epis d’or, bois dartre, dartres; Other: arakak (Chuuk); akapuku, andadose, candalaria, take-biha (Guam); kerula besokel, yult (Palau); rakau honuki, truke-n-kili-n-wai, tuhkehn kilin wai, tirakahonuki (Pohnpei); flay-n-sabouw (Yap); mulamula (Niue); bakau plant (Solomon Islands); mbai ni thangi (Fiji); fa‘i lafa, la‘au fai lafa (American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga); te‘elango (Tonga) Fabaceae shrub Lifuka/Foa
Senna tora English: foetid cassia, stinking cassia, Java-bean, sickle senna, sicklepod, Chinese senna, peanut weed, sickle senna; French:  cassier sauvage, pois puant, séné; Other: kaumoce, kaumothe, pini, tarota (Fiji); mumutun admelon, mumutun palaoan, amot-tumaga carabao (Guam), vao pinati (Samoa); te’epulu, tengafefeka (Tonga) Fabaceae shrub Ha'ano, Lifuka/Foa, 'Uiha
Setaria pumila English: foxtail, garden bristle grass, yellow bristlegrass, Queensland pigeon grass (Australia), cat's tail grass (Fiji); French: sétaire glauque Poaceae grass Ha'ano, Nomuka
Solanum mauritianum English: bugweed, wild tobacco, tree tobacco; Other: pua nana honua (Hawai'i), pula (Tonga) Solanaceae shrub Nomuka
Sorghum halepense English: Johnson grass, Aleppo grass, Aleppo milletgrass; French: sorgho d' Alep, sorgo de Alepo, herbe de Cuba; Other: kola (Tonga); gumai (Russia); zacate Johnson, grama China, cañuela, Don Carlos Poaceae grass Lifuka/Foa
Stachytarpheta cayennensis English:  blue rat's tail, dark-blue snakeweed, false verbena, nettleleaf velvetberry; French:  herbe bleue; Other: ouchung, sakura (Chuuk), louch beluu (Palau); mautofu tala, mautofu vao, matofu fualanumanoa (American Samoa and Samoa); te uti (Kiribati); mautofu Samoa, motofu Samoa (Niue); hiku ‘i kuma, hiku‘kuma, ‘iku ‘i kuma, iku ‘ikuma (Tonga); turulakaka, tumbutumbu, serakawa, lavenia, se karakarawa (Fiji) Verbenaceae herb Ha'ano, Lifuka/Foa, 'Uiha
Tecoma stans English:  yellow bells, yellow-elder, yellow trumpetbush; Other:  peeal (Puluwat), piti (French Polynesia, Tonga) Bignoniaceae small tree Lifuka/Foa
Thevetia peruviana* English:  yellow oleander, be-still tree, lucky nut; French: oléandre jaune; Other: koneta (Chuuk); nohomalie (Hawai'i); irelepsech (Yap) Apocynaceae small tree Lifuka/Foa
Thunbergia fragrans English:  white lady, white thunbergia, sweet clock-vine; Other:  fue hina (Tonga) Acanthaceae vine Lifuka/Foa, Ha'ano
Tradescantia spathacea English: oyster plant, boat plant, boat lily, moses in a boat; Other: talotalo, laupapaki (Niue) Commelinaceae herb Lifuka/Foa, 'Uiha
Triumfetta rhomboidea English: Chinese burr, paroquet burr, burr bush; Other:  dadangsi, masiksik lahe (Guam); mo‘osipo (Tonga); mosipo (Niue); manutofu, mautofu, mautofu vao (American Samoa and Samoa); qatima (Fiji), urio (French Polynesia) Tiliaceae shrub Ha'ano,  Lifuka/Foa,  'Uiha
Urochloa mutica English:  California grass, para grass, buffalo grass, Mauritius grass, signal grass; French: herbe de Para; Other:  puakatau (Tonga) (Swarbrick, 1997) Poaceae grass Lifuka/Foa
Urochloa subquadripara English:  brachiaria, green summer grass, tropical signalgrass, cori grass Poaceae grass Late, Lifuka

*Cultivated


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This page new 20 October 2001.