Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)


Report on invasive plant species in Palau (2008 survey)


Appendix 2.  Invasive plant species not known to be present in Palau

Table 1. Invasive plant species of environmental concern not seen or reported to be present in Palau
Table 2. Other invasive plant species not seen or reported to be present in Palau


Table 1. Invasive plant species of environmental concern not seen or reported to be present in Palau


Species

Common Names

Family

Habit

Risk assessmentÜ

Abutilon theophrasti English: buttonweed, velvetweed Malvaceae herb high risk
Acacia aulacocarpa English: brown salwood, brush ironbark wattle, hickory wattle Fabaceae tree
Acacia boliviana English: Bolivian wattle Fabaceae shrub
Acacia concinna English: chikakai, piquant sappan, sappan, soap pod Fabaceae shrub
Acacia crassicarpa English: northern wattle, Papua New Guinea red wattle Fabaceae tree high risk
Acacia glauca English: redwood Fabaceae tree
Acacia holosericea English: candelabra wattle, silver-leaved wattle Fabaceae shrub/ tree evaluate*
Acacia longifolia English: Sydney golden wattle Fabaceae tree high risk
Acacia mearnsii English: black wattle Fabaceae tree high risk
Acacia melanoxylon English: Australian blackwood, blackwood acacia Fabaceae tree high risk
Acacia nilotica English: prickly acacia, black thorn, Nile acacia, gum arabic tree Fabaceae tree high risk
Acacia parramattensis English: Parrmatta green wattle, Sydney green wattle Fabaceae tree high risk
Acoelorrhaphe wrightii English: paurotis palm, saw cabbage palm, silver saw palm Arecaceae tree evaluate*
Adiantum raddianum English: delta maidenhair fern Pteridaceae fern
Agapanthus praecox English: African-lily, agapanthus Liliaceae herb high risk
Ageratina riparia English: spreading mistflower, creeping croftonweed, river eupatorium Asteraceae herb high risk
Aglaonema commutatum English: Philippine evergreen Araceae herb evaluate*
Agrostis stolonifera English: creeping bentgrass, marsh bent, redtop bentgrass Poaceae grass high risk
Ailanthus altissima English: tree of heaven, varnishtree Simaroubaceae tree high risk
Ajuga reptans English: ajuga, blue bugle, bugleweed, common bugle Lamiaceae herb high risk
Albizia chinensis English: Chinese albizia, silktree Fabaceae tree high risk
Aleurites moluccana English: candlenut; Palauan: sakan Euphorbiaceae tree high risk
Alstonia macrophylla English: devil-tree Apocynaceae tree high risk
Alternanthera caracasana English: mat chaff flower Amaranthaceae herb
Alternanthera philoxeroides English: alligator weed Amaranthaceae herb high risk
Alternanthera pungens English: khaki weed Amaranthaceae herb high risk
Anacardium occidentale English: cashew Anacardiaceae tree low risk
Anagallis arvensis English: bird's-eye, poor-man's weatherglass, scarlet pimpernel Primulaceae herb
Andropogon bicornis English: West Indian foxtail grass Poaceae grass
Andropogon gayanus English: gamba grass, tambuki grass Poaceae grass high risk
Andropogon glomeratus English: bush beardgrass, bushy bluestem Poaceae grass
Andropogon virginicus English: broomsedge, yellow bluestem, whisky grass Poaceae grass high risk
Anredera cordifolia English: Madeira vine, mignonette vine, lamb's tails Basellaceae vine
Araujia sericifera English: moth plant, moth catcher, white bladder flower Ascelepiadaceae vine
Archontophoenix alexandrae English: Alexandra palm, king palm Arecaceae tree high risk
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana English: bangalow palm, piccabeen palm Arecaceae tree evaluate*
Archontophoenix tuckeri Arecaceae tree evaluate*
Ardisia crenata English: hen's eyes, Hilo holly, coral berry, Australian holly, scratchthroat Myrsinaceae shrub high risk
Ardisia elliptica English: shoebutton ardisia Myrsinaceae shrub high risk
Argemone ochroleuca English: pale Mexican poppy, prickly poppy, white thistle Papaveraceae herb
Argyreia nervosa English: elephant creeper, Hawaiian baby woodrose , silver morning glory, woolly morning glory Convolvulaceae vine evaluate*
Aristida adscensionis English: annual bristle grass, six weeks needgle grass, six-weeks three-awn Poaceae grass
Aristolochia littoralis English: Dutchman's pipe, calico flower Aristolochiaceae vine high risk
Aristolochia odoratissima English: duck, swan Aristolochiaceae herb
Aristolochia ringens English: gaping Dutchman's pipe Aristolochiaceae herb evaluate*
Arrhenatherum elatius English: false oatgrass, French ryegrass, tall oatgrass Poaceae grass
Arthrostemma ciliatum English: arthrostemma, everblooming eavender Melastomataceae herb
Arundinaria graminea English: bamboo Poaceae grass
Asparagus asparagoides English: bridal-veil creeper, smilax asparagus Liliaceae herb
Asparagus falcatus Liliaceae herb high risk
Asparagus plumosus English: asparagus fern Liliaceae vine
Asparagus setaceus English: ornamental asparagus, climbing asparagus fern, plumosa Liliaceae vine high risk
Austroeupatorium inulifolium Asteraceae herb
Avena barbata English: barbed oat, bearded oat, slender oat Poaceae grass
Avena fatua English: common wild oat, spring wild oat, spring wild oat, wild oat Poaceae grass
Axonopus fissifolius English: caratao grass, narrow-leaved carpetgrass Poaceae grass high risk
Axonopus micay Poaceae grass
Azadirachta indica English: neem, nim, margosa Meliaceae tree evaluate*
Azolla filiculoides English: azolla, large mosquito fern Azollaceae aquatic fern
Azolla pinnata English: mosquito fern, ferny azolla, water velvet Azollaceae aquatic fern
Baccharis halimifolia English: consumption weed, groundsel tree, Sea Island myrtle Asteraceae shrub high risk
Barleria prionitis English: barleria, porcupine flower Acanthaceae shrub
Batis marina English: pickleweed, saltwort, turtleweed Batacaeae herb
Bidens bipinnata English: bipinnate beggar's tick, cobbler's pegs, Spanish needle Asteraceae herb
Bidens cynapiifolia English: beggar's tick Asteraceae herb
Blechnum occidentale English: hammock fern, New World midsorus fern Blechnaceae fern
Bocconia frutescens English: bocconia, plume-poppy, tree poppy, tree celandine, parrotweed Papaveraceae shrub
Bothriochloa decipiens English: pitted bluegrass Poaceae grass
Bothriochloa pertusa English: hurricane grass, Indian couch grass, pitted beardgrass, pitted bluestem Poaceae grass
Bouteloua aristidoides English: needle grama Poaceae grass high risk
Bouteloua disticha Poaceae grass
Brassica napus English: annual rape, canola Brassicaceae herb high risk
Brillantaisia lamium Acanthaceae herb high risk
Briza maxima English: big quaking grass, great quaking grass, large quaking grass Poaceae grass
Briza minor English: lesser quaking grass, little quaking grass, shiverygrass Poaceae grass
Bromus catharticus English: rescue grass Poaceae grass
Bromus diandrus English: bronchograss, great brome, ripgut brome, ripgut grass Poaceae grass
Bromus hordeaceus English: lop grass, soft brome, soft chess Poaceae grass
Bromus madritensis English: compact brome, Madrid brome, Spanish brome, wall brome Poaceae grass
Bromus rubens English: foxtail brome, foxtail chess, red brome Poaceae grass
Bryophyllum daigremontianum English: devil's backbone, Mexican hat plant, mother of millions Crassulaceae herb
Buddleja asiatica English: dog tail Scrophulariaceae shrub high risk
Cabomba caroliniana English: Carolina fanwort, Carolina water-shield, fish-grass, Washington-plant Cabombaceae herb high risk
Caesalpinia decapetala English: cat's claw, Mysore thorn, Mauritius thorn, wait-a-bit Fabaceae shrub high risk
Caesalpinia sappan English: Brazilwood, sappan, sappanwood Fabaceae shrub
Callaeum macropterum English: hillyhock, hollyhock Malpighiaceae herb? evaluate*
Calophyllum antillanum English: Alexandrian laurel, beauty leaf, Santa Maria tree Clusiaceae tree
Calopogonium caeruleum English: calopo, calopogonium, jicama Fabaceae herb
Calotropis procera English: calotropis, rubber bush, apple of Sodom, mudar, madar Ascelepiadaceae shrub high risk
Carallia brachiata Rhizophoraceae tree evaluate*
Cardiospermum grandiflorum English: balloon vine; heart seed Sapindaceae vine high risk
Cardiospermum halicacabum English: balloon vine, heart pea, love-in-a-puff Sapindaceae vine high risk
Carex longii English: Long's sedge Cyperaceae sedge
Carex muskingumensis English: Muskingum sedge Cyperaceae sedge high risk
Carludovica palmata English: Panama hat plant Cyclanthaceae shrub
Carmona retusa English: Fukien tea, Philippine tea, scorpionbush Boraginaceae tree
Carpobrotus edulis English: ice plant, pigface, hottentot fig Aizoaceae succu-lent high risk
Castilla elastica English: Panama rubber tree, Mexican rubber tree, uletree Moraceae tree high risk
Casuarina cunninghamiana English: river oak, river she-oak, small cone ironwood Casuarinaceae tree high risk
Casuarina glauca English: swamp oak, saltmarsh ironwood, longleaf ironwood, gray sheoak Casuarinaceae tree high risk
Cayaponia glandulosa Cucurbitaceae vine
Cecropia obtusifolia English:  trumpet tree, guarumo Cecropiaceae tree
Cecropia peltata English: trumpet tree Cecropiaceae tree high risk
Cedrela odorata English: cigar box cedar, Mexican cedar, West Indian cedar, Spanish cedar Meliaceae tree evaluate*
Celtis sinensis English: Chinese hackberry, Japanese hackberry Ulmaceae tree
Cenchrus ciliaris English: buffelgrass, African foxtail grass, anjan grass Poaceae grass high risk
Cenchrus pilosus Poaceae grass
Ceratophyllum demersum English: coontail, hornwort Ceratophyllaceae aquatic herb
Cereus uruguayensis English: hedge cactus, Peruvian apple, spiny tree cactus Cactaceae cactus
Cestrum auriculatum English: orange cestrum Solanaceae shrub
Cestrum diurnum English: inkberry, day jessamine, day cestrum, China berry Solanaceae shrub
Cestrum nocturnum English: night-flowering cestrum, night-flowering jasmine, queen (or lady) of the night Solanaceae shrub high risk
Cestrum parqui English: green cestrum, willow-leaved jessamine, Chilean cestrum, green poison-berry Solanaceae shrub high risk
Chamaesyce hyssopifolia English: hyssop-leaf sandma Euphorbiaceae herb
Chamaesyce ophthalmica English: Florida hammock sandmat Euphorbiaceae herb
Chasmanthium latifolium English: broadleaf chasmanthium, Indian woodoats Poaceae grass high risk
Chloris divaricata English: slender chloris, star grass, star windmill grass Poaceae grass
Chloris gayana English: Rhodes grass Poaceae grass high risk
Chlorophytum comosum English: ribbonplant, spider ivy, spiderplant Liliaceae herb high risk
Chromolaena squalida Asteraceae shrub
Chrysobalanus icaco English: coco plum, icaco Chrysobalanaceae shrub
Chrysophyllum oliviforme English: satin leaf, wild star-apple, damson plum Sapotaceae tree high risk
Chrysopogon zizanioides English: cuscus grass, khus-khus, vetiver grass Poaceae grass low risk**
Chukrasia tabularis English: Burmese almondwood, chickrassy, Chittagong wood Meliaceae tree
Cinchona pubescens English: quinine tree, red cinchona Rubiaceae tree high risk
Cinnamomum burmannii English: padang cassia Lauraceae tree
Cinnamomum camphora English: camphor tree, camphor laurel Lauraceae tree high risk
Cirsium vulgare English: spear thistle, Scotch thistle, bull thistle, black thistle, plume thistle Asteraceae herb high risk
Cissus discolor English: climbing begonia, rex begonia vine, trailing begonia Vitaceae vine evaluate*
Cissus nodosa English: grape ivy Vitaceae vine high risk
Cissus rotundifolia English: Arabian wax cissus, Venezuelan treebine Vitaceae vine high risk
Citharexylum caudatum English: juniper berry Verbenaceae tree
Citharexylum gentryi Verbenaceae tree
Citharexylum spinosum English: fiddlewood Verbenaceae tree high risk
Clausena excavata English: clausena Rutaceae tree
Clerodendrum chinense English: Honolulu rose, stickbush, glory bower Lamiaceae shrub
Clerodendrum japonicum English: glorybower Lamiaceae shrub
Clerodendrum macrostegium English: velvetleaf glorybower Lamiaceae shrub
Clitoria laurifolia English: laurel-leaf pigeonwings Fabaceae shrub
Clusia rosea English: signature tree, autograph tree, copey, Scotch attorney, pitchapple Clusiaceae tree evaluate*
Cnidoscolus aconitifolius English: cabbage star, tree spinach Euphorbiaceae tree
Coccinia grandis English: ivy gourd, scarlet-fruited gourd Cucurbitaceae vine high risk
Copaifera langsdorffii English: copaiba, Langsdorf's copaifera Fabaceae tree evaluate*
Cordia alliodora English: laurel, Ecuador laurel, salmwood, Spanish elm Boraginaceae tree
Cordia curassavica English: black sage Boraginaceae shrub
Cordia dichotoma English: clammy cherry, fragrant manjack, Indian cherry, sebesten Boraginaceae tree
Cordia glabra English: broad-leaved cordia Boraginaceae tree
Cortaderia jubata English: jubata grass, Andean pampas grass, purple pampas grass Poaceae grass high risk
Cortaderia selloana English: pampas grass, silver pampas grass, Uruguayan pampas grass Poaceae grass high risk
Corymbia citriodora English: lemon-scented gum Myrtaceae tree high risk
Corynocarpus laevigatus English: New Zealand laurel, karakara nut Corynocarpaceae tree
Costus afer English: spiral ginger Costaceae herb
Costus dubius Costaceae herb high risk
Costus pulverulentus Spanish: caŮa agria, chile de perro, pito de perro Costaceae herb
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora English: autumn gold, garden montbretia, montbretia Iridaceae herb
Crotalaria goreensis English: gamba pea, Gambia pea Fabaceae shrub
Crotalaria lanceolata English: lance crotalaria, lance-leaf crotalaria, lanceleaf rattlebox Fabaceae shrub
Crotalaria linifolia English: narrow-leaved crotalaria Fabaceae herb
Crotalaria longirostrata English: castanet plant Fabaceae shrub
Crotalaria quinquefolia English: rattlepod Fabaceae herb
Crotalaria verrucosa English: blue-flower rattlepod, tooth-leaf rattlepod Fabaceae herb
Cryptostegia grandiflora English: rubber vine, India rubber vine, Palay rubbervine Ascelepiadaceae vine high risk
Cupaniopsis anacardioides English: carrotwood, tuckeroo Sapindaceae tree evaluate*
Cuphea hyssopifolia English: false heather, Mexican heather Lythraceae herb evaluate*
Cuscuta campestris English: golden dodder, field dodder, five-angled dodder Cuscutaceae vine high risk
Cyathea cooperi English: Australian tree fern Cyatheaceae fern high risk
Cymbalaria muralis English: coliseum ivy, ivy-leaf toadflax, Kenilworth ivy, pennywort Scrophulariaceae herb
Cyperus cyperoides Cyperaceae sedge
Cyperus digitatus English: digitate cyperus Cyperaceae sedge
Cyperus esculentus English: chufa, earth almond, nutgrass, tigernut, watergrass, yellow nut grass, yellow nutsedge Cyperaceae sedge
Cyperus sanguinolentus Cyperaceae sedge
Cyrtostachys renda English: lipstick palm, maharajah palm, sealing wax palm Arecaceae tree evaluate*
Dactylis glomerata English: barnyard grass, cocksfoot, cockspur, orchard grass Poaceae grass evaluate*
Dalbergia latifolia English: Indian rosewood, Indian blackwood, Malabar rosewood, shisham Fabaceae tree evaluate*
Dalbergia sissoo English: Indian dalbergia, Indian rosewood, sissoo, shisham Fabaceae tree high risk
Datura ferox English: fierce thorn-apple, large thorn-apple, long-spine thorn-apple Solanaceae herb high risk
Datura inoxia English: angel's-trumpet, downy thorn-apple, Indian-apple, sacred datura Solanaceae herb high risk
Datura stramonium English: datura, jimsonweed, moonflower, purple thorn-apple, thorn-apple Solanaceae herb evaluate*
Delairea odorata English: German ivy, Italian ivy, cape ivy Asteraceae vine high risk
Derris malaccensis English: New Guinea creeper Fabaceae vine
Desmodium adscendens English: strongback, tick clover, tick trefoil, tropical clover Fabaceae shrub
Desmodium nicaraguense Fabaceae shrub low risk
Desmodium scorpiurus English: scorpion ticktrefoil Fabaceae herb evaluate*
Desmodium uncinatum English: silverleaf desmodium, Spanish clover, Spanish tick-clover Fabaceae herb high risk
Dianella caerulea English: blue flax-lily Liliaceae herb evaluate*
Dichanthium aristatum English: Angleton bluestem, awned dichanthium, bluestem, Wilder grass Poaceae grass
Dichanthium caricosum English: angleton grass, Antigua haygrass, Nadi bluegrass, roadside bluestem Poaceae grass
Dichrostachys cinerea English: aroma, Kalahari Christmas tree, Chinese lantern tree, sickle bush, marabou-thorn, marabķ, Sen Domeng, Saint Domingue, acacia Saint Domingue Fabaceae shrub high risk
Digitalis purpurea English: digitalis, foxglove, purple foxglove Scrophulariaceae herb high risk
Digitaria eriantha English: common finger grass, digit grass, pangola grass, woolly finger grass Poaceae grass
Digitaria henryi Poaceae grass
Digitaria horizontalis English: Jamaican crabgrass Poaceae grass
Digitaria insularis English: cottongrass, sourgrass, feather-top grass Poaceae grass
Digitaria longiflora English: wire crabgrass Poaceae grass
Digitaria sanguinalis English: crab finger grass, hairy crabgrass, large crabgrass, manne terrestre, panic sanguin, summer grass Poaceae grass
Dillenia suffruticosa English: shrubby dillenia, shrubby simpoh Dilleniaceae shrub/ tree evaluate*
Dypsis lutescens English: areca palm, butterfly palm, cane palm, golden-yellow palm, yellow butterfly palm, yellow palm Arecaceae tree evaluate*
Echinochloa esculenta English: Japanese barnyard millet, Japanese millet Poaceae grass high risk
Echinochloa glabrescens Poaceae grass
Echinochloa oryzoides English: early barnyard grass Poaceae grass
Echinochloa polystachya English: aleman grass, carib grass, creeping rivergrass Poaceae grass high risk
Echinochloa stagnina English: barnyard grass, burgu grass, hippo grass, long-awn water grass Poaceae grass evaluate*
Egeria densa English: egeria, leafy elodea, dense waterweed Hydrocharitaceae aquatic herb high risk
Eleocharis acicularis English: needle spike-rush, needle spikesedge, slender spikerush Cyperaceae sedge
Elettaria cardamomum English: cardamom Zingiberaceae herb
Eleusine coracana English: caracan millet, finger millet, ragi, ragi millet Poaceae grass evaluate*
Emex australis English: doublegee, spiny emex, three-corner Jack Polygonaceae herb high risk
Enterolobium cyclocarpum English: devil's ear, earpod tree, elephant's ear, monkeysoap Fabaceae tree evaluate*
Equisetum ramosissimum subsp. debile English: branched scouringrush Equisetaceae fern
Eragrostis curvula English: African lovegrass, Boer love grass, weeping lovegrass Poaceae grass
Eragrostis elliottii English: field lovegrass Poaceae grass high risk
Eragrostis elongata English: clustered lovegrass (Australia) Poaceae grass
Eragrostis japonica English: Japanese lovegrass, pond lovegrass Poaceae grass
Eragrostis minor English: little love grass Poaceae grass
Eragrostis parviflora English: small flower love grass Poaceae grass
Eragrostis pectinacea English: Carolina love grass, pectinate lovegrass, tufted love grass Poaceae grass
Eragrostis scabriflora English: Fijian lovegrass Poaceae grass
Eragrostis superba English: Massai lovegrass, sawtooth love grass, Wilman love grass Poaceae grass
Eragrostis tenuifolia English: elastic grass, love grass Poaceae grass high risk
Eragrostis tremula Poaceae grass
Eragrostis unioloides English: Chinese love grass, Chinese lovegrass Poaceae grass
Eremochloa ophiuroides English: centipede grass Poaceae grass high risk
Erigeron karvinskianus English: Mexican daisy, seaside daisy, daisy fleabane Asteraceae herb high risk
Eriochloa polystachya English: Carib grass, Caribbean cup grass Poaceae grass
Eriochloa punctata English: Louisiana cupgrass Poaceae grass
Erodium cicutarium English: alfilaria, heron's-bill, pin clover, red-stem filaree, stork's-bill Geraniaceae herb
Erythrina corallodendrum English: coraltree Fabaceae shrub/ tree evaluate*
Erythrina subumbrans English: December tree Fabaceae tree evaluate*
Eucalyptus camaldulensis English: Murray red gum, red gum, river gum, river red gum Myrtaceae tree
Eucalyptus globulus English: blue gum, southern blue gum Myrtaceae tree high risk
Eucalyptus grandis English: flooded gum, rose gum Myrtaceae tree high risk
Eucalyptus paniculata English: black ironbark, gray ironbark, white ironbark Myrtaceae tree high risk
Eucalyptus robusta English: robust eucalyptus, swamp mahogany Myrtaceae tree evaluate*
Eucalyptus saligna English: Sydney blue gum Myrtaceae tree high risk
Eucalyptus torelliana English: cadaga, cadaghi Myrtaceae tree evaluate*
Eugenia brasiliensis English: Brazilian cherry, Brazilian plum, grumichama, Spanish cherry Myrtaceae tree
Euphorbia amygdaloides English: wood spurge Euphorbiaceae herb high risk
Euphorbia heterophylla English: Mexican fireplant, milkweed, painted euphorbia, painted spurge, paintedleaf, wild spurge Euphorbiaceae herb high risk
Euterpe oleracea English: assai palm, cabbage palm Arecaceae tree evaluate*
Festuca arundinacea English: alta fescue, reed fescue, tall fescue Poaceae grass
Festuca rubra English: creeping fescue, red fescue Poaceae grass
Ficus altissima English: lofty fig, false banyan, council tree Moraceae tree
Ficus benghalensis English: banyan, Indian banyan, vada tree Moraceae tree evaluate*
Ficus macrophylla English: Moreton Bay fig Moraceae tree evaluate*
Ficus natalensis Moraceae tree evaluate*
Ficus nota English: tibig Moraceae tree
Ficus rubiginosa English: rusty-leaved fig, Port Jackson fig, littleleaf fig Moraceae tree high risk
Filicium decipiens English: fern tree, soapberry Sapindaceae tree evaluate*
Fimbristylis aestivalis English: summer fimbry Cyperaceae sedge
Fimbristylis umbellaris English: globular fimbristylis Cyperaceae sedge
Flacourtia indica English: batoko-plum, governor's-plum, Indian-plum, Madagascar-plum, ramontchi Flacourtiaceae tree
Flacourtia jangomas English: Indian-plum, runeala-plum Flacourtiaceae tree
Flindersia brayleyana English: Queensland maple, silkwood Rutaceae tree low risk
Foeniculum vulgare English: fennel Apiaceae herb high risk
Fuirena ciliaris Cyperaceae sedge
Funtumia elastica English: African rubber tree, silkrubber Apocynaceae tree high risk
Furcraea foetida English: Mauritius hemp, sisal, maguey, giant cabuya Agavaceae succu-lent
Furcraea hexapetala English: Cuban hemp, hemp Agavaceae succu-lent
Galactia tenuiflora English: Florida hammock milkpea Fabaceae vine
Gazania rigens var. leucolaena English: trailing gazania Asteraceae herb high risk
Gmelina arborea English: gmelina, white teak, white beech Lamiaceae tree evaluate*
Gomphocarpus physocarpus English: balloon plant, balloon cottonbush, bladderbush, wild cotton Ascelepiadaceae shrub high risk
Grevillea banksii English: kahili flower, Banks grevillea Proteaceae tree high risk
Grevillea robusta English: silk oak, silky oak, he oak, silver oak, spider flower Proteaceae tree evaluate*
Grewia asiatica English: phalsa Tiliaceae tree
Guadua angustifolia English: guadua Poaceae grass
Gymnocoronis spilanthoides English: Senegal tea, temple plant Asteraceae herb high risk
Haematoxylum campechianum English: logwood, bloodwood tree, campeachy wood, campeche Fabaceae tree evaluate*
Harungana madagascariensis English: harungana Clusiaceae tree
Hedera helix English: English ivy, ivy Araliaceae vine high risk
Hedychium flavescens English: yellow ginger, cream ginger Zingiberaceae herb
Hedychium gardnerianum English: kahili ginger Zingiberaceae herb high risk
Helianthus annuus English: sunflower Asteraceae herb high risk
Heliocarpus popayanensis English: moho, white moho Tiliaceae tree high risk
Hemarthria altissima English: Batavian quick grass, halt grass, limpo grass, red quick, red swamp grass, snake grass, swamp couch Poaceae grass
Hibiscus diversifolius English: swamp hibiscus Malvaceae herb
Hibiscus sabdariffa English: Indian sorrel, Jamaica sorrel, Jamaican sorrel, red sorrel, rosella, roselle, sorrel Malvaceae herb
Hiptage benghalensis English: hiptage Malpighiaceae shrub high risk
Homalanthus populifolius English: native bleeding-heart Euphorbiaceae tree
Hordeum murinum English: false barley, mouse barley, wall barley Poaceae grass
Hovenia dulcis English: Chinese raisintree, Japanese raisintree Rhamnaceae tree
Hura crepitans English: sandbox tree Euphorbiaceae tree
Hydrilla verticillata English: hydrilla, Florida elodea, water thyme Hydrocharitaceae aquatic herb high risk
Hydrocotyle bonariensis English: pennywort, kurnell curse, large-leaved pennywort Apiaceae herb
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides English: water pennywort Apiaceae herb high risk
Hydrolea zeylanica Hydrophyllaceae aquatic herb
Hygrophila polysperma English: East Indian hygrophila, Indian swampweed, Miramar weed Acanthaceae aquatic herb high risk
Hylocereus costaricensis English: Costa Rica nightblooming cactus Cactaceae succu-lent
Hylocereus polyrhizus English: pitahaya Cactaceae succu-lent
Hylocereus undatus English: night-blooming cereus, strawberry pear, red pitaya, dragon fruit, pitahaya Cactaceae succu-lent
Hymenachne amplexicaulis English: hymenachne, trompetilla, West Indian marsh grass Poaceae grass high risk
Hyparrhenia rufa English: jaragua grass, thatching grass Poaceae grass high risk
Hypericum androsaemum English: amber, sweet amber, tutsan Clusiaceae shrub high risk
Hypericum canariense English: Canary Islands St. Johnswort Clusiaceae shrub high risk
Hypericum perforatum English: goatweed, Klamath weed, St. John's-wort Clusiaceae herb high risk
Hypochoeris radicata English: hairy catís ear, gosmore Asteraceae herb
Hyptis brevipes Lamiaceae herb
Hyptis mutabilis English: tropical bushmint Lamiaceae herb
Hyptis rhomboidea English: knobweed Lamiaceae herb
Hyptis sidifolia Lamiaceae herb
Hyptis suaveolens English: stinking Roger, wild spikenard, chan Lamiaceae herb high risk
Ilex cassine English: dahoon, dahoon holly Aquifoliaceae shrub/ tree evaluate*
Ilex paraguariensis English: Brazilian tea, mate, Paraguay tea, Paraguayan tea, yerba mate Aquifoliaceae tree high risk
Indigofera spicata English: creeping indigo Fabaceae herb evaluate*
Indigofera suffruticosa English: indigo Fabaceae shrub high risk
Inga spectabilis English: silky inga Fabaceae tree
Ischaemum indicum English: batiki blue grass (Fiji) Poaceae grass
Jasminum dichotomum English: Gold Coast jasmine Oleaceae vine
Jasminum fluminense English: Brazilian jasmine Oleaceae vine high risk
Juglans neotropica English: Andean walnut, Ecuador walnut Juglandaceae tree
Juncus acutus English: sharp rush, spiny rush Juncaceae rush high risk
Justicia carnea English: pink plume-flower, pink jacobinia Acanthaceae shrub
Kalanchoe beharensis Crassulaceae herb evaluate*
Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi English: lavender scallops Crassulaceae herb
Koelreuteria elegans English: Chinese rain tree, flame gold, golden rain tree Sapindaceae tree evaluate*
Kunzea ericoides English: tree manuka, tree manuba, kanuka (New Zealand), burgan, white teatree Myrtaceae tree
Kyllinga polyphylla English: Navua sedge Cyperaceae sedge
Lablab purpureus English: hyacinth bean, lablab, bonavist, Egyptian kidney bean, dolichos Fabaceae vine evaluate*
Laccospadix australasica Arecaceae tree evaluate*
Lagarosiphon major English: African elodea, African oxygen weed, lagarosiphon, oxygen weed Hydrocharitaceae aquatic herb
Lagurus ovatus English: hare's-tail, hare's-tail grass Poaceae grass high risk
Lantana montevidensis English: creeping lantana, purple lantana, small lantana, trailing lantana weeping lantana Verbenaceae herb high risk
Leersia hexandra English: cutgrass Poaceae grass
Lemna spp. English: duckweed Lemnaceae aquatic herb
Leonotis nepetifolia English: lionís tail, lionís ear, Christmas candlestick Lamiaceae herb high risk
Lepidium ruderale English: peppergrass Brassicaceae herb high risk
Leptochloa chinensis English: Asian sprangletop, red sprangletop Poaceae grass
Leptochloa fusca English: Malabar sprangletop, Mexican sprangletop Poaceae grass
Leptochloa mucronata English: red sprangletop Poaceae grass
Leptochloa panicea English: mucronate sprangletop, red sprangletop, sprangle top Poaceae grass
Leptospermum laevigatum English: Australian myrtle, Australian tea tree, coast teatree Myrtaceae shrub/ tree
Leptospermum polygalifolium English: tea tree Myrtaceae shrub
Leptospermum scoparium English: New Zealand tea, manuka (New Zealand) Myrtaceae tree high risk
Leucaena trichodes Fabaceae tree
Licuala grandis English: ruffled fan palm Arecaceae tree
Ligustrum japonicum English: Japanese privet Oleaceae shrub evaluate*
Ligustrum lucidum English: Chinese wax-leaf privet, tree privet Oleaceae shrub/ tree evaluate*
Ligustrum robustum English: tree privet, wild privet Oleaceae shrub/ tree
Ligustrum sinense English: Chinese privet Oleaceae shrub/ tree high risk
Limnocharis flava English: sawah-flower rush, sawah-lettuce, velvetleaf, yellow bur-head Limnocharitaceae herb
Linum usitatissimum English: flax, linseed Linaceae herb high risk
Liriope spicata English: creeping lilyturf, creeping liriope Liliaceae herb high risk
Litsea glutinosa English: Indian laurel Lauraceae tree
Litsea monopetala English: yati Lauraceae tree
Lolium multiflorum English: Italian ryegrass Poaceae grass high risk
Lolium perenne English: English ryegrass, perennial ryegrass Poaceae grass
Lolium temulentum English: bearded darnel, bearded ryegrass, darnel, poison darnel, poison ryegrass Poaceae grass
Lophostemon confertus English: brush box, Brisbane box, vinegar tree Myrtaceae tree low risk
Ludwigia adscendens English: water primrose Onagraceae herb
Ludwigia longifolia English: longleaf primrose-willow Onagraceae herb
Ludwigia peruviana English: ludwigia, Peruvian primrose, water primrose Onagraceae herb high risk
Luffa acutangula English: angled loofah, Chinese okra, dish-cloth gourd, ribbed gourd, ribbed loofah, ridged gourd, silk gourd, sinkwa towelsponge, sinqua melon, vegetable sponge Cucurbitaceae herb
Luzula sylvatica English: great wood-rush Juncaceae rush high risk
Lycium chinense English: Chinese boxthorn, Chinese desert-thorn, Chinese matrimony vine, Chinese wolfberry, wolfberry Solanaceae shrub
Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium English: currant tomato Solanaceae herb
Lygodium japonicum English: Japanese climbing fern Schizaeaceae fern
Lysimachia fortunei Primulaceae herb high risk
Macaranga mappa English: bingabing Euphorbiaceae tree
Macaranga tanarius English: parasol leaf tree Euphorbiaceae tree
Macfadyena unguis-cati English: cat's-claw climber Bignoniaceae vine high risk
Maesopsis eminii English: umbrella tree, musizi Rhamnaceae tree evaluate*
Malachra alceifolia English: malachra Malvaceae herb
Malvastrum tomentosum Malvaceae shrub
Manihot glaziovii English: CearŠ rubber tree Euphorbiaceae tree
Marrubium vulgare English: common horehound, horehound, white horehound Lamiaceae herb high risk
Marsilea minuta English: small water clover Marsiliaceae herb
Marsilea quadrifolia English: European water clover Marsiliaceae herb
Medinilla cummingii English: medinilla Melastomataceae shrub evaluate*
Medinilla heterophylla Melastomataceae vine high risk
Medinilla magnifica English: chandelier tree, showy melastome, showy medinilla, Malaysian orchid Melastomataceae shrub high risk
Medinilla scortechinii Melastomataceae herb evaluate*
Medinilla venosa English: holdtight Melastomataceae shrub
Melaleuca nesophila Myrtaceae shrub high risk
Melastoma candidum English: Asian melastome, Indian rhododendron, Malabar melastome Melastomataceae tree high risk
Melastoma sanguineum English: fox-tongued melastoma, red melastome Melastomataceae shrub/ tree
Melica transsilvanica Poaceae grass high risk
Melicoccus bijugatus English: Spanish lime Sapindaceae tree
Melinis repens English: Natal redtop, Natal grass, red Natal grass, Holme's grass, blanketgrass Poaceae grass
Memecylon floribundum Melastomataceae shrub
Mentha pulegium English: European pennyroyal, pennyroyal Lamiaceae herb
Merremia aegyptia English: hairy merremia, hairy woodrose; Hawaiian: koali kua hulu, kuahulu Convolvulaceae vine
Merremia tuberosa English: wood rose, Spanish arborvine, yellow morning-glory Convolvulaceae vine high risk
Merremia vitifolia Convolvulaceae vine
Metrosideros excelsa English: New Zealand Christmas tree Myrtaceae tree evaluate*
Metrosideros kermadecensis Myrtaceae tree evaluate*
Miconia calvescens English: miconia, velvetleaf, purple plague, bush currant Melastomataceae tree high risk
Microlaena stipoides English: meadow ricegrass, weeping grass Poaceae grass
Mikania cordata English: mile-a-minute Asteraceae vine
Mimosa pigra English: catclaw mimosa, thorny sensitiveplant, giant mimosa, giant sensitive plant, black mimosa, zaraz, dormilona, bashful plant, amourette violet Fabaceae shrub high risk
Mimosa tenuiflora Fabaceae tree high risk
Monochoria hastata English: arrow-leaf monochoria, hastate-leaf pondweed, monochoria Pontederiaceae aquatic herb
Monochoria vaginalis English: cordate monochoria, oval-leaf monochoria, oval-leaf-pondweed, pickerel weed Pontederiaceae aquatic herb
Montanoa hibiscifolia English: montanoa, tree daisy, Anzac flower Asteraceae shrub high risk
Morella cerifera English: bayberry, candleberry, southern bayberry, southern wax-myrtle, wax-myrtle, waxberry Myricaceae tree
Morella faya English: fayatree, firetree, firebush Myricaceae tree high risk
Mucuna pruriens English: cow itch, velvet bean, Bengal bean, Mauritius bean Fabaceae vine high risk
Myoporum laetum English: myoporum, ngaio Myoporaceae tree evaluate*
Myriophyllum aquaticum English: parrot's feather, water feather, Brazilian water milfoil Haloragidaceae aquatic herb high risk
Myriophyllum spicatum English: Eurasian water milfoil, Eurasian watermilfoil, spike watermilfoil Haloragidaceae aquatic herb
Najas graminea English: ricefield waternymph ricefield waternymph Najadaceae aquatic herb
Najas guadalupensis English: common waternymph, Guadalupe waternymph, southern naiad, southern waternymph Najadaceae aquatic herb
Najas marina English: bushy pondweed, holly-leaf naiad, holly-leaf waternymph, holly-leaved waternymph, marine naiad, marine naiad, spiny-leaf naiad, spiny naiad, spiny waternymph, water nymph Najadaceae aquatic herb
Nassella tenuissima English: finestem needlegrass Poaceae grass high risk
Nasturtium microphyllum English: one-row watercress Brassicaceae herb
Neonotonia wightii English: glycine Fabaceae vine high risk
Neyraudia reynaudiana English: Burma reed, cane grass, silk reed Poaceae grass
Nicotiana glauca English: mustard tree, tree tobacco, wild tobacco Solanaceae tree
Noronhia emarginata English: Madagascar olive Oleaceae tree low risk
Ochna kirkii English: Micky Mouse plant, birdís-eye bush Ochnaceae shrub
Ochna serrulata English: ochna, Mickey-Mouse plant, birdís-eye bush Ochnaceae shrub high risk
Ochna thomasiana English: bird's-eye bush, Mickey Mouse plant Ochnaceae shrub high risk
Odontonema cuspidatum English: cardinal flower, fire spike, mottled toothedthread Acanthaceae shrub high risk
Odontonema tubaeforme English: fire spike Acanthaceae shrub
Olea europaea English: olive Oleaceae tree evaluate*
Olyra latifolia English: bambou tibi, carrycillo Poaceae grass
Operculina ventricosa English: paper rose, St. Thomas lidpod Convolvulaceae vine
Oplismenus burmannii Poaceae grass
Ossaea marginata Melastomataceae shrub
Ottelia alismoides English: duck lettuce, water plantain ottelia Hydrocharitaceae aquatic herb
Ottelia ovalifolia English: swamp lily (Australia) Hydrocharitaceae aquatic herb
Ottochloa nodosa English: slender panic grass Poaceae grass
Oxyspora paniculata English: oxyspora, bristletips Melastomataceae shrub
Paederia foetida English: stink vine, skunk vine Rubiaceae vine high risk
Panicum antidotale English: blue panic grass, giant panic grass, Texas grass Poaceae grass
Panicum bisulcatum English: blackseed panic Poaceae grass
Panicum brevifolium English: shortleaf panic grass Poaceae grass
Panicum capillare English: old-witch grass, tickle grass, tumbleweed, witchgrass Poaceae grass
Panicum decompositum English: Australian millet, umbrella grass Poaceae grass
Panicum dichotomiflorum English: bluegrass, fall panic grass, fall panicum, smooth witchgrass Poaceae grass
Panicum miliaceum English: broomcorn millet, hog millet, millet panic, panic millet, proso millet Poaceae grass
Panicum polygonatum English: Bolivian panicgrass Poaceae grass
Panicum virgatum English: Blackwell switch grass, switchgrass Poaceae grass high risk
Paraserianthes lophantha English: brush wattle, plume albizia, plume acacia, stink bean Fabaceae shrub/ tree
Parkinsonia aculeata English: parkinsonia, Jerusalem thorn, horse-bean, retama Fabaceae tree high risk
Parthenium hysterophorus English: bitterweed, carrot grass, false ragweed, feverfew, parthenium weed, ragweed parthenium, whitetop, Santa Maria Asteraceae herb high risk
Paspalum dilatatum English: paspalum, dallis grass, water grass Poaceae grass high risk
Paspalum fimbriatum English: fimbriate paspalum, winged paspalum, Panama paspalum, Panama crowngrass, Columbia grass Poaceae grass
Paspalum notatum English: Bahia grass Poaceae grass high risk
Paspalum plicatulum English: brownseed paspalum, circularfruited birdseed Poaceae grass
Paspalum setaceum English: bullgrass, hairy bead grass, thin paspalum Poaceae grass
Paspalum urvillei English: Vasey grass Poaceae grass
Paspalum vaginatum English: biscuit grass, knot grass, knottweed, salt grass, saltwater couch, saltwater paspalum, seashore grass, seashore paspalum, silt grass, swamp couch Poaceae grass high risk
Passiflora alata English: wild passion fruit, wingstem passionflower Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora caerulea English: blue passion flower Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora coccinea English: scarlet passion flower, red passion flower, red granadilla Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora incarnata English: purple passion-flower, red-flowered poka, apricot-vine, maypop, maypop passionflower Passifloraceae vine high risk
Passiflora laurifolia English: yellow granadilla, belle apple, yellow water-lemon Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora ligularis English: sweet granadilla, yellow passionfruit Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora maliformis English: hard-shelled passionfruit, sweet calabash, sweet cup Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora pulchella English: two-lobed passion flower, wingleaf passionfruit Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora rubra English: red passionfruit, Dutchman's laudanum Passifloraceae vine high risk
Passiflora tarminiana English: banana poka, banana passionfruit, bananadilla Passifloraceae vine
Paulownia tomentosa English: paulownia, princess-tree, Chinese empress tree, karri-tree Scrophulariaceae tree high risk
Pennisetum clandestinum English: kikuyu grass, kikuyo Poaceae grass high risk
Pennisetum glaucum English: bajra, bulrush millet, burr bristle grass, catís tail grass, cattail millet, pearl millet, yellow bristle grass, yellow foxtail Poaceae grass
Pennisetum macrourum English: African feathergrass, bedding grass Poaceae grass high risk
Pennisetum occidentale Poaceae grass
Pennisetum pedicellatum English: annual kyasuwa grass, hairy fountain grass, kayasuwa grass, kyasuwa grass Poaceae grass
Pennisetum petiolare English: petioled fountaingrass Poaceae grass high risk
Pennisetum villosum English: feathertop, long-style feather grass, white foxtail Poaceae grass high risk
Pentalinon luteum English: hammock viper's-tail, lice bush, wild allamanda, wild wist Apocynaceae vine high risk
Persicaria capitata English: pinkhead knotweed, pinkhead smartweed Polygonaceae herb high risk
Persicaria punctata English: arse-smart, dotted smartweed, turkey-troop, water smartweed Polygonaceae herb
Phalaris aquatica English: bulbous Canary grass, Harding grass, Towoomba Canary grass, tuberous canarygrass Poaceae grass
Phalaris brachystachys English: short-spiked canarygrass Poaceae grass
Phalaris minor English: lesser canarygrass, little-seed Canary grass, small Canary grass Poaceae grass
Philadelphus karwinskyanus English: philadelphus, evergreen mock orange, syringa Saxifragaceae shrub
Phleum pratense English: meadow cat's-tail, timothy Poaceae grass
Phoenix dactylifera English: date, date palm, kajoor Arecaceae tree
Phormium tenax English: New Zealand flax, New Zealand hemp, bush flax Agavaceae herb high risk
Phyllanthus acidus English: gooseberry tree, Otaheite gooseberry, Tahiti gooseberry Euphorbiaceae tree
Phyllostachys aurea English: fish-pole bamboo, golden bamboo, walking stick bamboo Poaceae shrub
Phyllostachys bissetii Poaceae shrub
Phyllostachys flexuosa English: drooping timber bamboo Poaceae shrub
Phyllostachys nigra English: black bamboo Poaceae shrub
Phytolacca dioica English: belhambra, packalacca, phytolacca Phytolaccaceae tree high risk
Pimenta dioica English: pimento, allspice Myrtaceae tree high risk
Pimenta racemosa English: bay tree, bay rum tree, bay oil tree, malagueta Myrtaceae tree evaluate*
Pinus elliottii English: slash pine Pinaceae tree evaluate*
Piper aduncum English: spiked pepper Piperaceae shrub/ tree high risk
Piper auritum English: eared pepper, anise piper, Veracruz pepper Piperaceae shrub high risk
Pithecellobium unguis-cati English: blackbead, bread-and-cheese, cat's claw Fabaceae tree
Pittosporum pentandrum English: pittosporum, Taiwanese cheesewood, mamalis Pittosporaceae shrub/ tree
Pittosporum resiniferum English: petroleum nut, resin cheesewood Pittosporaceae tree evaluate*
Pittosporum tobira English: tobira, Japanese pittosporum, Japanese cheesewood, mock orange, Australian laurel Pittosporaceae shrub/ tree evaluate*
Pittosporum undulatum English: Victorian box, Victorian laurel, Australian cheesewood, mock orange, sweet pittosporum, orange pittosporum Pittosporaceae tree high risk
Pittosporum viridiflorum English: cape pittosporum Pittosporaceae tree evaluate*
Platycerium bifurcatum English: elkhorn fern, staghorn fern Selaginellaceae fern
Poa annua English: annual bluegrass, annual meadowgrass, annual poa, goose grass, walkgrass, winter grass Poaceae grass
Podranea ricasoliana English: pandorea, pink trumpet vine, Zimbabwe creeper Bignoniaceae vine evaluate*
Polypogon monspeliensis English: annual beardgrass, beard grass, Montpelier beardgrass, rabbitfoot grass Poaceae grass high risk
Polypogon viridis English: water bent Poaceae grass
Portulaca pilosa English: hairy pigweed Portulacaceae herb
Potamogeton crispus English: curled pondweed, curly pondweed, curly-leaved pondweed, curlyleaf pondweed, river weed Potamogetonaceae aquatic herb
Prosopis glandulosa English: honey mesquite Fabaceae tree
Prosopis juliflora English: algaroba, ironwood, mesquite Fabaceae tree high risk
Prosopis pallida English: algaroba, mesquite Fabaceae tree
Prunus cerasifera English: cherry plum, myrobalan plum Rosaceae tree high risk
Prunus grisea Rosaceae shrub evaluate*
Pseudogynoxys chenopodioides English: Mexican flamevine Asteraceae herb
Psidium guineense English: Brazilian guava, Guinea guava Myrtaceae shrub/ tree high risk
Ptychosperma elegans English: Alexander palm, cabbage palm, solitaire palm Arecaceae tree evaluate*
Ptychosperma macarthurii English: cluster palm, hurricane palm, Macarthur feather palm, Macarthur palm Arecaceae tree high risk
Pyrostegia venusta English: flame vine, flame flower, golden shower, orange trumpet vine Bignoniaceae vine high risk
Rauvolfia vomitoria English: swizzle stick Apocynaceae shrub/ tree high risk
Rhaphiolepis indica English: Indian hawthorn Rosaceae shrub evaluate*
Rhododendron indicum English: evergreen azalea Ericaceae shrub evaluate*
Rhodomyrtus tomentosa English: rose myrtle, downy myrtle, Isenberg bush Myrtaceae shrub high risk
Rhynchospora caduca English: anglestem beaksedge Cyperaceae herb
Richardia brasiliensis English: Mexican clover, richardia, tropical Mexican clover, white-eye Rubiaceae herb
Rivina humilis English: baby pepper, bloodberry, coral berry, rouge plant Phytolaccaceae herb
Rotala indica Lythraceae aquatic herb
Rotala rotundifolia English: dwarf rotala, rotala, roundleaf toothcup Lythraceae aquatic herb
Rottboellia cochinchinensis English: guinea-fowl grass, itchgrass, Kelly grass, kokoma grass, Raoul grass Poaceae grass
Rubus adenotrichos Rosaceae shrub
Rubus alceifolius English: giant bramble Rosaceae shrub high risk
Rubus argutus English: prickly Florida blackberry Rosaceae shrub high risk
Rubus discolor English: Himalaya blackberry Rosaceae shrub high risk
Rubus megalococcus English: Indian toothcup Rosaceae shrub
Rubus moluccanus English: Molucca raspberry, broad leafed bramble, Molucca bramble, eelkek Rosaceae shrub
Rubus niveus English: Ceylon raspberry, hill raspberry, Mysore raspberry Rosaceae shrub
Rubus rosifolius English: roseleaf raspberry, thimbleberry, Mauritius raspberry Rosaceae shrub high risk
Rubus sieboldii English: Molucca raspberry Rosaceae shrub
Rubus ulmifolius English: elm-leaf blackberry Rosaceae shrub
Ruellia brevifolia English: common wild petunia Acanthaceae herb
Ruellia devosiana English: Brazilian wild petunia Acanthaceae herb
Ruellia prostrata English: black weed, bell weed Acanthaceae herb
Rumex brownii English: brown dock, hooked dock, slender dock, swamp dock Polygonaceae herb high risk
Rumex crispus English: curled dock, curly dock, sour dock, yellow dock Polygonaceae herb high risk
Rumex obtusifolius English: bitter dock Polygonaceae herb
Rumex pulcher English: fiddle dock Polygonaceae herb high risk
Sacciolepis interrupta Poaceae grass
Sagittaria latifolia English: broadleaf arrowhead Alismataceae herb
Sagittaria sagittifolia English: arrowhead, Chinese arrowhead, Old World arrowhead, swamp-potato, swan-potato Alismataceae herb
Salvinia cucullata Salviniaceae aquatic fern
Salvinia molesta English: salvinia, water fern, kariba weed, African payal Salviniaceae aquatic fern high risk
Salvinia natans English: floating watermoss Salviniaceae aquatic fern
Sanchezia speciosa English: sanchezia. Acanthaceae shrub
Sapindus saponaria English: soapberry, soaptree, wing-leaf soapberry Sapindaceae tree
Schefflera taiwaniana English: Taiwan dwarf umbrella tree Araliaceae tree evaluate*
Schinus molle English: pepper tree, California pepper tree, Peruvian peppertree, pepperina Anacardiaceae tree high risk
Schinus terebinthifolius English: Christmas-berry, Brazilian pepper, Brazilian holly, Florida holly Anacardiaceae tree high risk
Schizachyrium condensatum English: little bluestem, bush beardgrass Poaceae grass high risk
Schizachyrium scoparium English: little bluestem, prairie beardgrass Poaceae grass
Scleria sumatrensis English: Sumatran scleria Cyperaceae sedge
Senecio madagascariensis English: fireweed Asteraceae herb high risk
Senna multijuga English: false sicklepod, leafy cassia Fabaceae tree
Senna pendula Fabaceae shrub
Senna septemtrionalis English: buttercup bush, yellow shower, laburnum Fabaceae shrub/ tree
Senna tora English: foetid cassia, stinking cassia, Java-bean, sickle senna, sicklepod, Chinese senna, peanut weed, sickle senna Fabaceae shrub high risk
Sesbania punicea English: red sesbania, coffee weed, rattle-pod, sesban, red seine bean, Brazil rattlebox, coffee of the coast, tame acacia, false poinciana, black acacia, purple sesbane Fabaceae shrub high risk
Sesbania sesban English: common sesban, Egyptian rattlepod, Egyptian riverhemp, Egyptian sesban, sesban, sesbania Fabaceae shrub high risk
Setaria barbata English: bristly foxtail grass Poaceae grass
Setaria flavida Poaceae grass
Setaria grisebachii English: Grisebach's bristlegrass Poaceae grass
Setaria macrostachya English: plains bristlegrass Poaceae grass
Setaria palmifolia English: palmgrass, short pitpit, hailans pitpit, broadleaved bristlegrass Poaceae grass high risk
Setaria verticillata Engllish: bristly foxtail Poaceae grass
Sida cordifolia English: country mallow, flannelweed, heart-leaf sida, heartleaf sida, sida Malvaceae shrub high risk
Solandra maxima English: golden cup, cup of gold, chalice vine Solanaceae vine evaluate*
Solanum capsicoides English: cockroach berry, devilís apple, soda apple Solanaceae herb
Solanum linnaeanum English: Apple of Sodom, Sodom-apple Solanaceae shrub
Solanum mauritianum English: bugweed, wild tobacco, tree tobacco Solanaceae shrub
Solanum seaforthianum English: potato creeper, Brazilian nightshade Solanaceae vine high risk
Solanum tampicense English: wetland nightshade, aquatic soda apple Solanaceae aquatic herb
Solanum viarum English: tropical soda apple Solanaceae herb
Spartium junceum English: genet, Spanish broom, weaver's broom Fabaceae shrub high risk
Spermacoce confusa English: river false buttonweed Rubiaceae herb
Spermacoce prostrata English: false buttonweed, prostrate false buttonweed Rubiaceae herb
Spirodela polyrhiza English: giant duckweed, great duckweed, greater duckweed, water flaxseed Lemnaceae aquatic herb
Sporobolus africanus English: African dropseed, Parramatta grass, rat's tail grass, rattail grass, smut grass, tufty grass Poaceae grass
Sporobolus elongatus English: wiregrass, rat-tail dropseed Poaceae grass
Sporobolus natalensis Engllish: giant rat's tail grass Poaceae grass
Sporobolus pyramidatus Engllish: giant rat's tail grass Poaceae grass
Stachytarpheta australis Verbenaceae herb
Stachytarpheta mutabilis English: changeable velvetberry, pink rat tail, pink snakeweed Verbenaceae herb
Stuckenia pectinata English: bushy pondweed, fennel pondweed, fennel-leaved pondweed, pondweed, sago pondweed Potamogetonaceae aquatic herb
Syncarpia glomulifera English: turpentine tree, lustre wood Myrtaceae tree
Syngonium podophyllum English: arrowhead plant, goosefoot plant Araceae vine high risk
Tabebuia rosea English: pink poui, pink tecoma, rosy trumpet tree Bignoniaceae tree evaluate*
Tamarix aphylla English: Athel tamarisk, athel pine, salt-cedar Tamaricaceae shrub high risk
Tamarix gallica English: saltcedar Tamaricaceae tree high risk
Tecoma capensis English: Cape honeysucke Bignoniaceae vine evaluate*
Terminalia myriocarpa English: hollock, jhalna Combretaceae tree
Tetragonia tetragonioides English: New Zealand spinach, warrigal cabbage Azioaceae herb
Tetrastigma pubinerve Vitaceae vine
Tetrastigma voinierianum English: chestnut vine, lizard plant Vitaceae vine
Tetrazygia bicolor English: Florida clover ash Melastomataceae shrub/ tree evaluate*
Themeda arguens English: lesser tasselgrass Poaceae grass
Themeda gigantea English: ulla Poaceae grass
Themeda quadrivalvis English: grader grass, habana grass, kangaroo grass Poaceae grass evaluate*
Themeda villosa English: greater tasselgrass, Lyon's grass Poaceae grass
Thunbergia alata English: black-eyed susan vine Acanthaceae vine
Thunbergia fragrans English: white lady, white thunbergia, sweet clock-vine Acanthaceae vine
Thunbergia laurifolia English: purple allamanda, laurel-leaved thunbergia, laurel clock vine Acanthaceae vine
Tibouchina herbacea English: glorybush, cane ti, tibouchina Melastomataceae shrub high risk
Tibouchina urvilleana English: glorybush, lasiandra, princess flower Melastomataceae shrub high risk
Tillandsia usneoides English: Spanish moss, old man's beard, grandfatherís whiskers, air plant Bromeliaceae bromeliad high risk
Toona ciliata English: Australian red cedar, toon, surian, Indian mahogany Meliaceae tree evaluate*
Topobea parasitica Melastomataceae herb high risk
Tradescantia fluminensis English: small-leaf spiderwort, spiderwort, wandering jew Commelinaceae herb
Tragus berteronianus English: bertero goatgrass, bur grass, carrotseed grass, small carrot-seed grass, spike bur grass Poaceae grass
Triadica sebifera English: Chinese tallow tree, popcorn tree, vegetable tallow, white wax berry, chicken tree, Florida aspen Euphorbiaceae tree high risk
Tribulus cistoides English: puncture vine, caltrop, burrnut, Jamaican feverplant, goatís head Zygophyllaceae herb
Tribulus terrestris English: puncture vine, goat head Zygophyllaceae herb high risk
Triphasia trifolia English: limeberry, lemon China Rutaceae shrub
Triplaris weigeltiana English: long john, long jack Polygonaceae tree
Tripsacum latifolium English: wideleaf gamagrass Poaceae grass
Tripsacum laxum English: Guatemala grass Poaceae grass
Triumfetta semitriloba English: Sacramento bur Tiliaceae shrub
Turbina corymbosa English: turbina, Christmas vine, ololiuqui Convolvulaceae vine
Typha latifolia English: broad-leaf cattail, common cattail, Cooper's reed, giant reed-mace, great cattail, soft flag Typaceae aquatic herb
Ulex europaeus English: gorse, furze, whin Fabaceae shrub high risk
Urochloa brizantha English: bread grass, palisade grass, palisade signalgrass, signal grass, Surinam grass Poaceae grass evaluate*
Urochloa decumbens English: basilisk signal grass, signal grass, Surinam grass Poaceae grass high risk
Urochloa humidicola English: creeping signal grass, koronivia grass Poaceae grass evaluate*
Urochloa mosambicensis English: African liverseed grass, sabi grass Poaceae grass
Urochloa plantaginea English: Alexander grass, marmalade grass, plantain signal grass Poaceae grass
Vallisneria spiralis English: coiled vallisneria, eelgrass, eelweed, ribbon weed, tape grass, tape weed Hydrocharitaceae aquatic herb
Vicia sativa ssp. nigra English: black-pod vetch, common vetch, narrow-leaf vetch, spring vetch Fabaceae herb high risk
Vulpia bromoides English: barren fescue, brome fescue, squirreltail fescue Poaceae grass
Vulpia myuros English: annual fescue, foxtail fescue, rat tail fescue, silvergrass, six weeks grass Poaceae grass
Washingtonia filifera English: California fan palm, California Washingtonia, cotton palm, desert fan palm, petticoat palm, Washington palm Arecaceae tree high risk
Washingtonia robusta English: Mexican fan palm, Mexican Washington palm, Mexican washingtonia, thread palm Arecaceae tree high risk
Waterhousea floribunda English: weeping lilly pilly, weeping myrtle Myrtaceae tree
Xanthium spinosum English: Bathurst burr, prickly burweed, spiny cockleburr Asteraceae herb
Xanthium strumarium English: Australian burr (Cook Islands), California-bur, cocklebur, noogoora burr Asteraceae herb high risk
Xanthosoma robustum Araceae herb evaluate*
Zantedeschia aethiopica English: calla lily, arum lily Araceae herb high risk
Zinnia peruviana Asteraceae herb
Ziziphus mauritiana English: Indian jujube, Chinese date, Chinee apple Rhamnaceae tree high risk

ÜRecommendation from risk assessment, if one has been conducted for this species (see PIER for copies).
*Evaluate further; not enough information or assessment inconclusive.
**Low risk based on sterile cultivars.


Table 2. Other invasive plant species not seen or reported to be present in Palau

Scientific Name

Common Names

Family

Habit

Abutilon grandifolium English: hairy abutilon Malvaceae shrub
Acalypha alopecuroides English: foxtail copperleaf Euphorbiaceae herb
Acanthocereus tetragonus English: barbed-wire cactus, sword-pear, triangle cactus Cactaceae succulent
Acanthospermum australe English: Paraguay bur, Paraguay starbur, sheepbur, spiny bur, star bur Asteraceae herb
Acanthospermum hispidum English: bristly starbur, goat's head, hispid starburr, starburr Asteraceae herb
Acmella oleracea English: para-cress, toothache plant Asteraceae herb
Acmella sodiroi Asteraceae herb
Acmella uliginosa Asteraceae herb
Actinoscirpus grossus Cyperaceae sedge
Adenostemma platyphyllum English: adenostemma Asteraceae herb
Aerva javanica English: aerva, kapok bush, snow bush Amaranthaceae herb
Aeschynomene indica English: budda pea, curly-indigo, Indian joint-vetch, sensitive jointed vetch Fabaceae herb
Ageratina adenophora English: catweed, croftonweed Asteraceae herb
Ageratum houstonianum English: ageratum, blue billygoat weed, flossflower, goatweed Asteraceae herb
Amaranthus blitum English: amaranth, livid amaranth, slender amaranth Amaranthaceae herb
Amaranthus cruentus English: bush greens, purple amaranth, red amaranth, red shank Amaranthaceae herb
Amaranthus hybridus English: green amaranth, green pigweed, smooth amaranth, smooth pigweed Amaranthaceae herb
Amaranthus interruptus English: amaranth Amaranthaceae herb
Amaranthus retroflexus English: common amaranth, redroot amaranth, redroot pigweed, rough pigweed Amaranthaceae herb
Ambrosia artemisiifolia English: bitterweed, common ragweed Asteraceae herb
Ammannia auriculata English: eared redstem Lythraceae herb
Ammannia coccinea English: purple ammania, red stem, toothcup Lythraceae herb
Anoda acerifolia English: anoda Malvaceae herb
Anodendron paniculatum English: Andamanese bowstring plant; French: liane parachute Apocynaceae herb
Antirrhinum orontium English: lesser snapdragon, linearleaf snapdragon Scrophulariaceae herb
Artabotrys hexapetalus English: climbing ilang-ilang, climbing ylang-ylang, lanalana, ylang-ylang Annonaceae shrub
Arundina graminifolia English: bamboo orchid Orchidaceae herb
Begonia cucullata English: clubed begonia Begoniaceae herb
Begonia foliosa English: fuchsia begonia Begoniaceae herb
Begonia fusca Begoniaceae herb
Begonia hirtella English: Brazilian begonia Begoniaceae herb
Blainvillea gayana Asteraceae herb
Boehmeria macrophylla English: African jolanettle, false nettle Urticaceae herb
Boerhavia coccinea English: boerhavia, hog weed, hog feed, red spiderling, wineflower, tar vine Nyctaginaceae herb
Boerhavia erecta English: erect spiderling Nyctaginaceae herb
Borreria verticillata English: shrubby false-buttonweed Rubiaceae herb
Brachiaria eruciformis English: sweet signal grass Poaceae grass
Brassica juncea English: Chinese mustard, India mustard, Indian mustard, Oriental mustard Brassicaceae herb
Brassica nigra English: black mustard, true mustard Brassicaceae herb
Brassica rapa English: colbaga, turnip, tyfon, wild turnip Brassicaceae herb
Brickellia diffusa Asteraceae herb
Browallia americana English: bush violet Solanaceae herb
Brugmansia candida English: angel's trumpet, borrachero, white angel's-trumpet Solanaceae tree
Brugmansia suaveolens English: angel's trumpet, night bells, trumpet flower Solanaceae shrub
Cajanus cajan English: Congo pea, pigeon pea, red gram, yellow dhal Fabaceae shrub
Cajanus scarabaeoides English: peanut grass, tropical clover Fabaceae vine
Calotis lappulacea English: bur daisy, yellow daisy burr Asteraceae herb
Calyptocarpus vialis English: straggler daisy Asteraceae herb
Caperonia palustris English: birdeye, Mexican weed, Texas weed Euphorbiaceae herb
Capsella bursa-pastoris English: boursette, case weed, lady's purse, pepper plant, shepherd's purse Brassicaceae herb
Cardamine bonariensis Brassicaceae herb
Cardamine hirsuta English: bitter cress, common bitter cress, hairy bitter cress, hoary bitter cress, wavy bitter cress Brassicaceae herb
Centaurea melitensis English: Maltese cockspur, Maltese star thistle, Napa thistle, yellow star thistle Asteraceae herb
Centaurium spicatum English: spiked centaury Gentianaceae herb
Chenopodium album English: Antigua hay grass, fat hen, goosefoot, lamb's quarters, pigweed, silver grass, white goosefoot Chenopodiaceae herb
Chenopodium ambrosioides English: American wormseed, bluebush, Jerusalem tea, Mexican tea, Spanish-tea, wormseed Chenopodiaceae herb
Chenopodium carinatum English: Tasmanian goosefoot Chenopodiaceae herb
Chenopodium murale English: Australian-spinach, green fat hen, nettle-leaf goosefoot, salt-green, sowbane Chenopodiaceae herb
Citrullus lanatus English: watermelon, wild melon; Palauan: sandiang, suik Cucurbitaceae vine
Citrus limetta English: sweet lemon, sweet lime Rutaceae tree
Citrus limon English: lemon; Palauan: debechel, malchianged Rutaceae tree
Cleome rutidosperma English: fringed spiderflower Capparaceae herb
Cleome spinosa English: spiny spider-flower Capparaceae herb
Commelina benghalensis English: Benghal dayflower, dayflower, hairy wandering Jew, wandering Jew Commelinaceae herb
Conocarpus erectus English: sea mulberry, buttonwood, button mangrove Combretaceae shrub/ tree
Convolvulus arvensis English: bindweed, field bindweed Convolvulaceae herb
Conyza aegyptiaca English: fleabane Asteraceae herb
Conyza leucantha Asteraceae shrub
Conyza sumatrensis English: broadleaf fleabane, tall fleabane Asteraceae herb
Corchorus olitorius English: Jew's mallow, jute, Nalta jute, tossa jute Tiliaceae herb
Corchorus trilocularis English: native jute, three locule corchorus, wild jute Tiliaceae herb
Coronopus didymus English: bittercress, swinecress, wart cress Brassicaceae herb
Cotula australis Engllish: bachelor's-button, carrotweed, common cotula, Australian brass buttons Asteraceae herb
Croton hirtus Euphorbiaceae herb
Cryptotaenia canadensis English: Canadian honewort, honewort, white chervil Apiaceae herb
Cucumis anguria English: gooseberry gourd, West Indian gherkin, wild cucumber Cucurbitaceae herb
Cucumis dipsaceus English: hedgehog cucumber, hedgehog gourd, teasel gourd Cucurbitaceae herb
Cuphea carthagenensis English: Columbian cuphea, Colombian waxweed, tarweed Lythraceae herb
Cuphea ignea English: cigar flower, firecracker plant Lythraceae shrub
Cuphea racemosa English: white cuphea Lythraceae herb
Cuscuta cassytoides English: African dodder Cuscutaceae herb
Cyathula prostrata English: cyathula Amaranthaceae herb
Cyclospermum leptophyllum English: fir-leaved celery, marsh parsley, slender celery Apiaceae herb
Cymbopogon refractus English: barbwire grass, soap grass Poaceae grass
Cyperus gracilis English: McCoy grass, slender sedge, whisker grass, whisker sedge Cyperaceae sedge
Cyperus ligularis English: rocket sedge, swamp flatsedge Cyperaceae sedge
Cyperus surinamensis English: tropical flatsedge Cyperaceae sedge
Cyrtococcum trigonum English: short-leaf cyrtococcum grass Poaceae grass
Dalechampia scandens English: spurgecreeper Euphorbiaceae vine
Desmodium intortum English: beggarlice, green-leaf desmodium Fabaceae herb
Dicliptera chinensis English: Chinese foldwing Acanthaceae herb
Diodia radula English: buttonweed Rubiaceae herb
Diodia sarmentosa English: tropical buttonweed Rubiaceae herb
Diplotaxis muralis English: wall rocket Brassicaceae herb
Drymaria cordata English: drymaria, tropical chickweed, West Indian chickweed Caryophyllaceae herb
Dysphania pumilio English: clammy goosefoot, ridged goosefoot, small crumbweed Chenopodiaceae herb
Eleutheranthera ruderalis Asteraceae herb
Elytraria imbricata English: purple scalystem Acanthaceae herb
Emex spinosa English: devil's thorn, lesser Jack, prickly dock, spiny emex, spiny threecornerjack Polygonaceae herb
Emilia coccinea English: Floraís paintbrush, tasselflower Asteraceae herb
Emilia fosbergii English: Flora's paintbrush, red sow thistle Asteraceae herb
Eragrostis cilianensis English: gray love grass, stinkgrass Poaceae grass
Erechtites valerianifolia English: Brazilian fireweed, fireweed, fireweed daisy, Ceylon thistle Asteraceae herb
Eriocaulon truncatum Eriocaulaceae herb
Eryngium foetidum English: false coriander, shadow-beni, stinkweed Apiaceae herb
Euphorbia helioscopia English: sun spurge Euphorbiaceae herb
Euphorbia lathyris English: caper spurge, gopherplant, moleplant Euphorbiaceae herb
Euphorbia peplus English: petty spurge Euphorbiaceae herb
Fallopia convolvulus English: black bindweed, wild buckwheat Polygonaceae herb
Flaveria trinervia English: clustered yellowtops Asteraceae herb
Fleischmannia pratensis English: purple malva Asteraceae herb
Fleurya interrupta English: hen's nettle Urticaceae herb
Fragaria vesca English: European strawberry, sow-teat strawberry, woodland strawberry Rosaceae herb
Galinsoga parviflora English: gallant soldier, small-flower galinsoga, yellow weed Asteraceae herb
Galinsoga quadriradiata English: hairy galinsoga, Peruvian daisy Asteraceae herb
Gamochaeta pensylvanica English: Pennsylvania cudweed Asteraceae herb
Gamochaeta purpurea English: purple cudweed Asteraceae herb
Gloriosa superba English: climbing-lily, creeping-lily, flame-lily, glory-lily, gloriosa lily Liliaceae herb
Glycine tabacina English: glycine, variable glycine Fabaceae herb
Gomphrena celosioides English: gomphrena weed Amaranthaceae herb
Gomphrena serrata English: gamphrena (Guam) Amaranthaceae herb
Gouania polygama Rhamnaceae herb
Helianthus argophyllus English: silverleaf sunflower Asteraceae herb
Heliotropium ovalifolium English: grey leaf heliotrope Boraginaceae herb
Heterocentron subtriplinervium English: pearl flower Melastomataceae herb
Heterotheca grandiflora English: telegraph weed Asteraceae herb
Hippeastrum puniceum English: amaryllis, Barbados lily, Easter lily Liliaceae herb
Hirschfeldia incana English: bastard rocket, buchan weed, hairy brassica, hoary mustard, shortpod mustard Brassicaceae herb
Hybanthus attenuatus English: greenviolet Violaceae herb
Hypochoeris glabra English: smooth cats-ear Asteraceae herb
Indigofera linifolia Fabaceae herb
Ipomoea alba English: moonflower Convolvulaceae vine
Ipomoea cairica English: Cairo morning glory, coastal morning glory, ivy-leaved morning glory, railroad-creeper Convolvulaceae vine
Ipomoea nil English: blue morning glory Convolvulaceae vine
Ipomoea obscura English: obscure morningglory, small white morningglory Convolvulaceae vine
Ipomoea ochracea English: fence morningglory Convolvulaceae vine
Ipomoea pes-tigridis English: morningglory Convolvulaceae vine
Ipomoea purpurea English: common morning-glory, tall morning-glory Convolvulaceae herb
Juncus tenuis English: path rush, slender rush, soft rush Juncaceae rush
Justicia betonica English: white shrimp plant, squirrel's tail Acanthaceae herb
Justicia procumbens English: waterwillow Acanthaceae herb
Khaya senegalensis English: African mahogany, Senegal mahogany Meliaceae tree
Kyllinga melanosperma Cyperaceae sedge
Leontodon taraxacoides English: rough hawkbit Asteraceae herb
Lepidium sativum English: garden cress Brassicaceae herb
Leucas cephalotes Lamiaceae herb
Limonia acidissima English: elephant-apple, Indian wood-apple, wood-apple Rutaceae tree
Lindernia nummulariifolia Scrophulariaceae herb
Lobelia zeylanica English: white root Campanulaceae herb
Lobularia maritima English: sweet alyssum Brassicaceae herb
Lygodium palmatum English: Hartford fern, American climbing fern, creeping fern, Windsor fern Schizaeaceae fern
Malachra capitata English: malachra, yellow leafbract Malvaceae herb
Malvastrum americanum English: Indian Valley false mallow Malvaceae herb
Malvastrum coromandelianum English: false mallow, prickly malvastrum Malvaceae herb
Malvaviscus arboreus English: Chinese hat, firecracker hibiscus, malvaviscus, sleeping hibiscus, Turk's cap, wax mallow Malvaceae shrub
Martynia annua English: devil's claw, iceplant, small-fruit devil's claw, tiger's-claw Martyniaceae herb
Medicago lupulina English: black medic, hop-clover, nonesuch, yellow trefoil Fabaceae herb
Medicago polymorpha English: burr medic, California bur-clover, hairy medic, toothed bur-clover, toothed medic Fabaceae herb
Medicago rugosa English: gama medic, rugose medick, wrinkled medick Fabaceae herb
Melilotus albus English: Bokhara clover, honey clover, white melilot, white sweet clover Fabaceae herb
Melilotus indicus English: Indian sweet-clover, King Island melilot, small melilot, sour-clover Fabaceae herb
Melochia corchorifolia Sterculiaceae herb
Mentha x piperita English: mint, peppermint Lamiaceae herb
Merremia bracteata Convolvulaceae vine
Merremia dissecta English: noyau vine, white convolvulus creeper Convolvulaceae vine
Merremia hirta Convolvulaceae vine
Merremia quinquefolia Convolvulaceae vine
Mikania scandens English: climbing hempweed, climbing hempvine Asteraceae vine
Nelumbo nucifera English: East Indian lotus, lotus, lotusroot, oriental lotus, sacred lotus Nelumbonaceae aquatic herb
Nicandra physalodes English: apple of Peru, shooflyplant Solanaceae herb
Ocimum basilicum English: basil, common basil, sweet basil; Palauan: rur a ked Lamiaceae herb
Oldenlandia pumila Rubiaceae herb
Opuntia dillenii English: dildo, Eltham indian fig, sweet prickly-pear Cactaceae cactus
Opuntia ficus-indica English: Barbary-fig, Indian-fig, Indian-fig prickly-pear, mission cactus, mission prickly-pear, prickly-pear, smooth mountain prickly-pear, smooth prickly-pear, spineless cactus, tuberous prickly-pear Cactaceae cactus
Opuntia stricta English: erect prickly-pear, southern spineless cactus Cactaceae cactus
Oxalis debilis English: pink wood-sorrel, lilac oxalis Oxalidaceae herb
Oxalis latifolia English: broadleaf woodsorrel, fishtail oxalis, pink shamrock, purple-flowered oxalis, shamrock Oxalidaceae herb
Passiflora subpeltata English: white passionflower Passifloraceae vine
Pectis linifolia Asteraceae herb
Persicaria chinense English: Chinese knotweed, red bush Polygonaceae herb
Persicaria glabra Polygonaceae herb
Persicaria lapathifolia English: curlytop knotweed, pale knotweed, pale persicaria, pale smartweed, pale willow weed, willow weed Polygonaceae herb
Persicaria orientalis English: kiss-me-over-the-garden-gate, lady's thumb, prince's-feather, prince's-plume, princess-feather Polygonaceae herb
Petroselinum crispum English: parsley Apiaceae herb
Phyllanthus tenellus English: long-stalk phyllanthus, Mascarene Island leaf-flower Euphorbiaceae herb
Phyllanthus virgatus English: seed-under-leaf Euphorbiaceae herb
Phytolacca octandra Engish: pokeweed, Southern pokeberry, ink weed (Australia) Phytolaccaceae shrub
Pinus caribaea English: Caribbean pine, Bahamas pine Pinaceae tree
Piper peltatum English: largeleaf fingertree Piperaceae herb
Plantago debilis Plantaginaceae herb
Plantago lanceolata English: buckhorn, buckhorn plantain, English plantain, narrow-leaved plantain, ribgrass, ribwort plantain Plantaginaceae herb
Plantago major English: broadleaf plantain, common plantain, greater plantain Plantaginaceae herb
Polygonum dichotomum Polygonaceae herb
Porophyllum ruderale subsp. Macrocephalum English: poreleaf Asteraceae herb
Priva lappulacea English: cat's tongue, clammy bur, fasten-'pon-coat, styptic bur, velvet bur, velvet burr Verbenaceae herb
Pseudelephantopus spicatus English: false elephant foot Asteraceae herb
Pseudelephantopus spiralis Asteraceae herb
Pteris cretica English: cretan brake Pteridaceae fern
Ranunculus repens English: butter daisy, creeping buttercup, creeping crowfoot Ranunculaceae herb
Raphanus raphanistrum English: jointed charlock, jointed radish, pointer charlock, runch, white charlock, wild radish Brassicaceae herb
Rapistrum rugosum English: bastard cabbage, turnipweed, wrinkled gold-of-pleasure Brassicaceae herb
Rhynchosia minima English: rhynchosia Fabaceae herb
Richardia scabra English: rough Mexican clover Rubiaceae herb
Rorippa indica English: India fieldcress, yellow cress Brassicaceae herb
Roystonea oleracea English: cabbage palm, Caribbee royal palm, royal palm, South American royal palm Arecaceae tree
Roystonea regia English: Cuban royal palm, Florida royal palm, royal palm Arecaceae tree
Salsola tragus English: Russian cactus, Russian thistle, Russian tumbleweed, spineless saltwort, tumbleweed Chenopodiaceae herb
Salvia coccinea English: red salvia, red sage, scarlet sage, Texas sage, tropical sage Lamiaceae herb
Salvia occidentalis English: blue sage, West Indian sage Lamiaceae herb
Sechium edule English: chayote, pipinella Cucurbitaceae vine
Selaginella kraussiana English: Krauss' spike-moss, mat spike-moss, small club moss, spreading club-moss, trailing spike-moss Selaginellaceae fern
Selenicereus macdonaldiae Cactaceae cactus
Senecio quadridentatus English: cotton fireweed Asteraceae herb
Senna bicapsularis English: Christmasbush, moneybush, rambling cassia Fabaceae shrub
Senna didymobotrya English: candelabra tree, peanut butter cassia Fabaceae herb
Senna hirsuta English: stinking cassia (Fiji) Fabaceae shrub
Senna multiglandulosa English: downy senna, buttercup bush Fabaceae shrub
Senna sophera Fabaceae herb
Sesamum indicum English: beni, beniseed, benneseed, sesame Pedaliaceae herb
Setaria italica English: foxtail millet, German millet, Hungarian millet, Italian millet Poaceae grass
Sida ciliaris English: bracted fanpetals, fringed fanpetals Malvaceae herb
Sida glomerata Malvaceae shrub
Sida glutinosa English: smooth fanpetals Malvaceae herb
Sida linifolia English: balai grand, flaxleaf fanpetals Malvaceae herb
Sida urens English: balai-zortie, ortie long, ortie-razier, tropical fanpetals Malvaceae shrub
Sidastrum micranthum Malvaceae shrub
Sidastrum paniculatum English: cadillo liso Malvaceae shrub
Sisymbrium altissimum English: tall hedge mustard, tall rocket, tall sisymbrium, tumble mustard Brassicaceae herb
Sisymbrium erysimoides English: smooth mustard Brassicaceae herb
Sisymbrium irio English: London rocket Brassicaceae herb
Sisymbrium officinale English: hedge mustard Brassicaceae herb
Sisyrinchium micranthum English: scourweed Iridaceae herb
Solanum elaeagnifolium English: silver leaf nightshade Solanaceae herb
Solanum mammosum English: nipple fruit Solanaceae shrub
Solanum pseudocapsicum English: false Jerusalem cherry, Jerusalem cherry, Madeira cherry, Madeira winter-cherry, winter-cherry Solanaceae shrub
Solanum quitoense English: naranjilla Solanaceae shrub
Solanum robustum English: shrubby nightshade Solanaceae shrub
Solidago canadensis English: Canada goldenrod Asteraceae herb
Soliva anthemifolia English: dwarf jojo Asteraceae herb
Sonchus arvensis English: corn sow thistle, field sow thistle, perennial sow thistle Asteraceae herb
Sonchus asper English: prickly sow thistle, rough sow thistle, spiny sow thistle Asteraceae herb
Sonchus oleraceus English: annual sow thistle, common sow thistle, hare's-lettuce, milk thistle, sow thistle Asteraceae herb
Sorghum arundinaceum English: common wild sorghum Poaceae grass
Sphenoclea zeylanica English: chickenspike, gooseweed, hollowstem, wedgewort Sphenocleaceae. herb
Spondias purpurea English: hog plum, jocote, purple mombin, red mombin, Spanish plum Anacardiaceae tree
Stachys arvensis English: staggerweed Lamiaceae herb
Stachys crenata English: mouse's ear, small-flowered stachys Lamiaceae herb
Stellaria media English: chickweed, common chickweed, stickwort Caryophyllaceae herb
Striga angustifolia Scrophulariaceae herb
Struchium sparganophorum Asteraceae herb
Stylosanthes hamata English: Caribbean stylo, Caribbean stylo, cheesytoes, verano Fabaceae herb
Stylosanthes humilis English: Townsville lucerne, Townsville stylo Fabaceae herb
Stylosanthes scabra English: seca, shrubby stylo Fabaceae herb
Stylosanthes viscosa English: seca, shrubby stylo Fabaceae herb
Tagetes patula English: French marigold, stinkweed, wild marigold Asteraceae herb
Talinum fruticosum English: Ceylon-spinach, Philippine-spinach, Surinam-purslane, waterleaf Portulacaceae herb
Talinum paniculatum English: fame flower, jewels of Opar, pink baby's-breath Portulacaceae herb
Taraxacum officinale English: common dandelion, dandelion, lion's-tooth Asteraceae herb
Tephrosia glomeruliflora English: pink tephrosia Fabaceae shrub
Tephrosia noctiflora Fabaceae herb
Teucrium vesicarium Lamiaceae herb
Trianthema portulacastrum English: black pig weed, desert horse-purslane, giant pig weed, horse-purslane Aizoaceae herb
Trichodesma zeylanicum English: camel bush Boraginaceae herb
Trimezia steyermarkii Iridaceae herb
Verbascum virgatum English: virgate mullein, wand mullein Scrophulariaceae herb
Verbena bonariensis English: purpletop, South American vervain, tall verbena Verbenaceae herb
Verbena litoralis English: seashore vervain Verbenaceae herb
Verbena rigida English: veined verbena Verbenaceae herb
Vernonia patula Asteraceae herb
Vigna radiata English: green gram, golden gram, mung, mung bean Fabaceae herb
Waltheria indica English: boater bush, buff coat, leather coat, monkey bush, sleepy morning, velvet leaf, waltheria Sterculiaceae shrub
Wikstroemia indica English: tiebush Thymelacaceae shrub
Wikstroemia ridleyi English: gimlette, Malay poisons Thymelacaceae shrub
Yucca aloifolia English: daggerplant, Spanish-bayonet Agavaceae shrub
Ziziphus jujuba English: Chinese jujube, Chinese date, Chinese plum, common jujube Rhamnaceae tree
Zornia curvata Fabaceae herb

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This page new 8 April 2009