Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)


Report on invasive plant species on Niue following Cyclone Heta


Appendix 1.


Table 5. Species that are invasive elsewhere in similar ecosystems but are not known to be present on Niue

Scientific Name

Common Names (abridged)

Family

Habit

Abutilon indicum English: abutilon, Indian abutilon, Indian mallow Malvaceae shrub
Abutilon theophrasti English: abutilon-hemp, butterprint, buttonweed, China-jute, Indian-mallow, Tientsin-jute, velvetleaf, velvetweed Malvaceae herb
Acacia aulacocarpa English: brown salwood, brush ironbark wattle, hickory wattle; Other: ākasia (Cook Islands) Fabaceae tree
Acacia auriculiformis English: Papuan wattle, auri, earleaf acacia, northern black wattle, ear-pod wattle; Other: ākasia (Cook Islands) Fabaceae tree
Acacia boliviana English: Bolivian wattle Fabaceae shrub
Acacia confusa English: Formosa koa, Formosa acacia Fabaceae tree
Acacia crassicarpa English: northern wattle, Papua New Guinea red wattle; Other: ākasia (Cook Islands) Fabaceae tree
Acacia farnesiana English: Ellington curse, klu, sweet acacia; Other: titima (Cook Islands); kolu (Hawai'i) Fabaceae shrub
Acacia glauca English: redwood Fabaceae tree
Acacia longifolia English: Sydney golden wattle, golden wattle, long-leaved wattle, long-leaved acacia, sallow wattle, coast wattle, golden rods Fabaceae tree
Acacia mangium English: mangium, brown salwood, black wattle, hickory wattle; Other: ākasia (Cook Islands) Fabaceae tree
Acacia mearnsii English: black wattle; Other: ākasia (Cook Islands) Fabaceae tree
Acacia melanoxylon English: Australian blackwood, blackwood acacia Fabaceae tree
Acacia nilotica English: prickly acacia, black thorn, Egyptian thorn, Nile acacia, algaroba, babul, gum arabic tree Fabaceae tree
Acacia sinuata English: chikakai, piquant sappan, sappan, soap pod Fabaceae shrub
Acalypha alopecuroides English: foxtail copperleaf Euphorbiaceae herb
Acanthocereus tetragonus English: barbed-wire cactus, sword-pear, triangle cactus Cactaceae succulent
Acmella uliginosa   Asteraceae herb
Adiantum raddianum English: delta maidenhair fern Pteridaceae fern
Aeschynomene americana   Fabaceae herb
Aeschynomene indica English: budda pea, curly-indigo, hard sola, Indian joint-vetch, kat sola, northern joint-vetch, sensitive jointed vetch, sensitive vetch Fabaceae herb
Agave americana English: American aloe, century plant Agavaceae succulent
Agave sisalana English: sisal, sisal hemp; Other: malina (Hawai'i) Agavaceae succulent
Ageratina riparia English: spreading mistflower, creeping croftonweed, river eupatorium; Other: hamakua pamakani (Hawai‘i) Asteraceae herb
Ailanthus altissima English: tree of heaven, varnishtree Simaroubaceae tree
Ajuga reptans   Lamiaceae herb
Albizia chinensis English: Chinese albizia, silktree; Other: ‘arapitia (Cook Islands); tamaligi uliuli, tamaligi ena‘ena (Samoa) Fabaceae tree
Albizia lebbeck English: siris-tree, rain tree, East Indian walnut, kokko, woman's-tongue tree, soros-tree, raom tree; Other: ‘arapitia (Cook Islands (Miti‘aro)); 'ohai (Hawai‘i); tamaligi pa’epa’e (Samoa); kasia (Tonga) Fabaceae tree
Alstonia macrophylla English: devil-tree Apocynaceae tree
Alternanthera caracasana English: mat chaff flower Amaranthaceae herb
Alternanthera philoxeroides English: alligator weed Amaranthaceae herb
Alternanthera pungens English: khaki weed Amaranthaceae herb
Alternanthera sessilis English: joyweed, sessile joyweed; Other: mata kura (Cook Islands (‘Atiu)); fisi‘i‘anoa (Tonga) Amaranthaceae herb
Amaranthus cruentus English: bush greens, purple amaranth, red amaranth, red shank Amaranthaceae herb
Amaranthus dubius English: amaranth, spleen amaranth Amaranthaceae herb
Amaranthus hybridus English: green amaranth, green pigweed, hybrid amaranth, slim amaranth, smooth amaranth, smooth pigweed Amaranthaceae herb
Amaranthus interruptus English: amaranth Amaranthaceae herb
Amaranthus spinosus English: edlebur, needle burr, spiny amaranth, thorny pigweed; Other: pakai kuku (Hawai‘i) Amaranthaceae herb
Ammannia auriculata   Lythraceae herb
Anagallis arvensis English: bird's-eye, poor-man's weatherglass, red chickweed, scarlet pimpernel, shepherd's-weatherglass Primulaceae herb
Andropogon gayanus English: gamba grass, tambuki grass Poaceae grass
Andropogon glomeratus English: bush beardgrass, bushy bluestem Poaceae grass
Andropogon virginicus English: broomsedge, yellow bluestem, whisky grass Poaceae grass
Araujia sericifera English: moth plant, moth catcher, white bladder flower Ascelepiadaceae vine
Archontophoenix alexandrae English: Alexandra palm, king palm Arecaceae tree (palm)
Ardisia crenata English: hen's eyes, Hilo holly, coral berry, Australian holly, scratchthroat Myrsinaceae shrub
Ardisia elliptica English: shoebutton ardisia; Other: venevene tinitō (Cook Islands); ati popa‘a, atiu (French Polynesia); togo vao (Samoa) Myrsinaceae shrub
Argyreia nervosa English: elephant creeper, Hawaiian baby woodrose , silver morning glory, woolly morning glory Convolvulaceae vine
Aristolochia odoratissima English: duck, swan Aristolochiaceae herb
Arthrostemma ciliatum English: arthrostemma, everblooming eavender Melastomataceae herb
Arundinaria graminea   Poaceae grass
Arundo donax English: giant reed, Spanish reed, wild cane; Other: fiso palagi (Samoa); kaho folalahi (Tonga) Poaceae grass
Asclepias curassavica English: bastard ipecac, blood flower, bloodflower milkweed, butterfly weed, false ipecac, milkweed; Other: tirika, tiare moko (Cook Islands); laulele, lauhele, nu‘umela, pua ‘anuhe (Hawai‘i); pepetoa, vaomumu, vao fualele (Samoa); lou pepe, tu‘ulapepe (Tonga) Asclepiadaceae herb
Asparagus densiflorus English: asparagus fern, sprengeri fern, smilax, regal fern Liliaceae herb
Austroeupatorium inulaefolium Asteraceae herb
Averrhoa bilimbi English: bilimbi, cucumber tree, tree cucumber, tree sorrel Oxalidaceae tree
Axonopus micay   Poaceae grass
Azadirachta indica English: neem, nim, margosa Meliaceae tree
Baccharis halimifolia English: consumption weed, eastern baccharis, groundsel bush, groundsel tree, Sea Island myrtle, sea myrtle, silverling, tree groundsel, waterbrush Asteraceae shrub
Bacopa procumbens   Scrophulariaceae herb
Barleria lupulina English: hophead, Philippine violet Acanthaceae shrub
Barleria prionitis English: barleria, porcupine flower Acanthaceae shrub
Bauhinia acuminata English: dwarf white bauhinia Fabaceae tree
Bauhinia purpurea English: purple orchid tree; purple butterfly tree Fabaceae tree
Bauhinia variegata English: orchid tree; mountain ebony Fabaceae tree
Bidens alba English: beggar’s tick, Spanish needle, cobbler's pegs, romerillo; Other: ki, ki nehe, ki pipili, nehe (Hawai‘i) Asteraceae herb
Bidens cynapiifolia   Asteraceae herb
Blainvillea gayana Asteraceae herb
Bocconia frutescens English: bocconia, plume-poppy, tree poppy, tree celandine, parrotweed Papaveraceae shrub
Boehmeria macrophylla English: African jolanettle, false nettle Urticaceae herb
Boerhavia coccinea English: boerhavia, hog weed, hog feed, red spiderling, wineflower, tar vine; Other: mata pavo, patagon Nyctaginaceae herb
Brachiaria eruciformis English: sweet signal grass Poaceae grass
Brillantaisia lamium Acanthaceae herb
Brugmansia suaveolens   Solanaceae shrub
Bryophyllum delagoense English: chandelier plant Crassulaceae succulent
Buddleja asiatica English: dog tail; Other: huelo ‘ilio (Hawai'i) Scrophulariaceae shrub
Buddleja davidii English: orange eye, butterfly bush, summer lilac Scrophulariaceae shrub
Buddleja madagascariensis English: butterfly bush, smoke bush Scrophulariaceae shrub
Caesalpinia decapetala English: cat's claw, Mysore thorn, Mauritius thorn, wait-a-bit; Other: puakelekino (Hawai'i) Fabaceae shrub
Cajanus scarabaeoides English: peanut grass (Fiji), tropical clover (Fiji) Fabaceae vine
Calamus spp. English: rattan Arecaceae vine (palm)
Calliandra haematocephala English: red powder puff Fabaceae shrub
Calliandra surinamensis English: Surinamese stickpea Fabaceae tree
Callisia fragrans English: fragrant inch plant, basketplant, spironema Commelinaceae herb
Calophyllum antillanum English: Alexandrian laurel, Antilles calophyllum, beauty leaf, calaba, galba, Indian laurel, kamani, Santa Maria tree Clusiaceae tree
Calotis lappulacea English: bur daisy, yellow daisy burr Asteraceae herb
Calotropis procera English: calotropis, rubber bush, apple of Sodom, mudar, madar, king’s crown, roostertree Ascelepiadaceae shrub
Calyptocarpus vialis   Asteraceae herb
Cardiospermum grandiflorum English: balloon vine; heart seed; Other: kopūpū takaviri? (Cook Islands) Sapindaceae vine
Carmona retusa English: Fukien tea, Philippine tea, scorpionbush Boraginaceae tree
Carpobrotus edulis English: ice plant, pigface, hottentot fig Aizoaceae succulent
Castilla elastica English: Panama rubber tree, Mexican rubber tree, uletree; Other: pulu mamoe (American Samoa) Moraceae tree
Casuarina cunninghamiana English: river oak, river she-oak, small cone ironwood Casuarinaceae tree
Casuarina glauca English: swamp oak, saltmarsh ironwood, longleaf ironwood, gray sheoak Casuarinaceae tree
Cecropia obtusifolia English:  trumpet tree, guarumo; Other: rau-māniota (Cook Islands) Cecropiaceae tree
Cecropia peltata English: trumpet tree Cecropiaceae tree
Cedrela odorata English: cigar box cedar, Mexican cedar, West Indian cedar, Spanish cedar, Barbados cedar; Other: sita hina (Tonga) Meliaceae tree
Cenchrus brownii English: burgrass, burr grass, sand-bur, slimbristle sandbur Poaceae grass
Centaurea melitensis English: Maltese cockspur, Maltese star thistle, Napa thistle, yellow star thistle Asteraceae herb
Centaurium spicatum English: spiked centaury Gentianaceae herb
Centratherum punctatum   Asteraceae herb
Cestrum auriculatum   Solanaceae shrub
Cestrum diurnum English: inkberry, day jessamine, day cestrum, China berry; Other: ariki-va‘ine (Cook Islands); makahala (Hawai'i); sugi vao, suni vao (Samoa); vaitohi (Tonga) Solanaceae shrub
Cestrum parqui English: green cestrum, willow-leaved jessamine, Chilean cestrum, green poison-berry Solanaceae shrub
Chamaecrista mimosoides English: Japanese tea Fabaceae herb
Chamaesyce thymifolia English: red caustic creeper, thyme-leafed spurge Euphorbiaceae herb
Chenopodium ambrosioides English: American wormseed, bluebush, Jerusalem tea, Mexican tea, Spanish-tea, wormseed Chenopodiaceae herb
Chenopodium murale English: Australian-spinach, green fat hen, nettle-leaf goosefoot, salt-green, sowbane Chenopodiaceae herb
Chloris divaricata English: slender chloris, star grass, star windmill grass Poaceae grass
Chloris radiata English: plush-grass, radiate fingergrass Poaceae grass
Chloris virgata English: feather finger grass, feathered chloris, feathertop Rhodes grass, feathery Rhodes grass, oldland grass, sweet grass Poaceae grass
Chlorophytum comosum English: ribbonplant, spider ivy, spiderplant Liliaceae herb
Chromolaena odorata English: chromolaena, Siam weed, triffid weed, bitter bush, Jack in the bush Asteraceae shrub
Chrysobalanus icaco English: coco plum, icaco Chrysobalanaceae shrub
Chrysophyllum oliviforme English: satin leaf, wild star-apple, damson plum Sapotaceae tree
Chukrasia tabularis English: Burmese almondwood, chickrassy, Chittagong wood Meliaceae tree
Cinchona pubescens English: quinine tree, red cinchona Rubiaceae tree
Cinnamomum burmannii English: padang cassia Lauraceae tree
Cinnamomum camphora English: camphor tree, camphor laurel Lauraceae tree
Cinnamomum verum English: cinnamon tree; Other: tinamoni, tigamoni (American Samoa and Samoa) Lauraceae tree
Cirsium vulgare English: spear thistle, Scotch thistle, bull thistle, black thistle, plume thistle; Other: pua kali (Hawai'i) Asteraceae herb
Cissus nodosa English: grape ivy Vitaceae vine
Citharexylum caudatum English: juniper berry Verbenaceae tree
Citharexylum gentryi   Verbenaceae tree
Citharexylum spinosum English: fiddlewood Verbenaceae tree
Clausena excavata English: clausena Rutaceae tree
Cleome gynandra English: African spider-flower, bastard-mustard, cat's-whiskers, spider wisp, wild spider flower; Other: honohina, ‘ili‘ohu (Hawai‘i) Capparaceae herb
Cleome spinosa English: spiny spider-flower Capparaceae herb
Clerodendrum japonicum English: glorybower Lamiaceae shrub
Clerodendrum paniculatum English: pagoda plant, pagoda flower Lamiaceae shrub
Clerodendrum quadriloculare English: bronze-leaved clerodendrum; Other: losa, losa Fiti (American Samoa and Samoa) Lamiaceae shrub
Clidemia hirta English: Koster’s curse, soap bush; Other: la‘au lau mamoe (Samoa) Melastomataceae shrub
Clitoria laurifolia English: laurel-leaf pigeonwings Fabaceae shrub
Clitoria ternatea English: butterfly pea, Asian pigeonwings; Other: paipa (Tonga) Fabaceae vine
Clusia rosea English: signature tree, autograph tree, copey, Scotch attorney, pitchapple Clusiaceae tree
Coccinia grandis English: ivy gourd, scarlet-fruited gourd Cucurbitaceae vine
Commelina benghalensis English: Benghal dayflower, dayflower, hairy wandering Jew, wandering Jew; Other: hairy honohono (Hawai‘i); mau'u Tonga (Samoa); kanini, kaningi, musie matala pulu (Tonga) Commelinaceae herb
Conocarpus erectus English: sea mulberry, buttonwood, button mangrove Combretaceae shrub/tree
Conyza aegyptiaca English: fleabane Asteraceae herb
Conyza sumatrensis English: broadleaf fleabane, tall fleabane; Other: pakaka (Tonga) Asteraceae herb
Corchorus olitorius English: Jew's mallow, jute, Nalta jute, tossa jute Tiliaceae herb
Corchorus trilocularis   Tiliaceae herb
Cordia alliodora English: laurel, Ecuador laurel, salmwood, Spanish elm; Other: kotia (Samoa, Tonga) Boraginaceae tree
Cordia curassavica English: black sage Boraginaceae shrub
Cordia glabra English: broad-leaved cordia Boraginaceae tree
Cortaderia jubata English: jubata grass, Andean pampas grass, purple pampas grass Poaceae grass
Cortaderia selloana English: pampas grass, silver pampas grass, Uruguayan pampas grass Poaceae grass
Corynocarpus laevigatus English: New Zealand laurel, karakara nut Corynocarpaceae tree
Cosmos caudatus English: cosmos Asteraceae herb
Cotula australis Engllish: bachelor's-button, carrotweed, common cotula, Australian brass buttons Asteraceae herb
Crotalaria incana English: fuzzy rattlepod, woolly rattlepod; Other: kūkaehoki, kolomona (Hawai‘i) Fabaceae shrub
Crotalaria linifolia English: narrow-leaved crotalaria Fabaceae herb
Crotalaria quinquefolia English: rattlepod Fabaceae herb
Crotalaria retusa English: devil-bean, wedge-leaf crotalaria, wedge-leaf rattlepod; Other: piini? (Tonga) Fabaceae herb
Crotalaria spectabilis English: rattlebox, showy crotalaria, showy rattlebox, showy rattlepod; Other: kolomona (Hawai‘i); ha'apai (Tonga) Fabaceae herb
Crotalaria zanzibarica English: curara-pea Fabaceae herb
Cryptostegia grandiflora English: rubber vine, India rubber vine, Palay rubbervine Ascelepiadaceae vine
Cryptostegia madagascariensis English: Madagascar rubbervine Ascelepiadaceae vine
Cucumis dipsaceus English: hedgehog cucumber, hedgehog gourd, teasel gourd Cucurbitaceae herb
Cupaniopsis anacardioides English: carrotwood, tuckeroo Sapindaceae tree
Cuphea carthagenensis English: Columbian cuphea, Colombian waxweed, tarweed; Other: laau fau moti (Samoa) Lythraceae herb
Cuscuta cassytoides   Cuscutaceae herb
Cyathea cooperi English: Australian tree fern Cyatheaceae fern
Cyathula prostrata English: cyathula; Other: mata kura (Cook Islands (Miti'aro?); tolomo'unga (Tonga) Amaranthaceae herb
Cymbopogon refractus English: barbwire grass, soap grass; Other: aretu monoi, aretu noanoa (French Polynesia) Poaceae grass
Cyperus cyperinus English: long-headed sedge; Other: mue mue, mou upo tutu (French Polynesia) Cyperaceae sedge
Cyperus difformis English: dirty-Dora, one-arm sedge, rice sedge, small-flower umbrella-plant, variable flat sedge Cyperaceae sedge
Cyperus distans English: slender cyperus Cyperaceae sedge
Cyperus haspan   Cyperaceae sedge
Cyperus iria English: grasshopper’s cyperus, rice flat sedge, umbrella sedge; Other: mou, mou hairi (French Polynesia) Cyperaceae sedge
Cyperus ligularis English: rocket sedge, swamp flatsedge Cyperaceae sedge
Cyperus pilosus   Cyperaceae sedge
Cyrtococcum patens   Poaceae grass
Cyrtococcum trigonum English: short-leaf cyrtococcum grass Poaceae grass
Dactylis glomerata English: barnyard grass, cocksfoot, cockspur, orchard grass Poaceae grass
Dalbergia sissoo English: Indian dalbergia, Indian rosewood, sissoo, shisham Fabaceae tree
Datura ferox English: fierce thorn-apple, large thorn-apple, long-spine thorn-apple Solanaceae herb
Datura inoxia English: angel's-trumpet, downy thorn-apple, Indian-apple, sacred datura, thorn-apple Solanaceae herb
Datura stramonium English: datura, jimsonweed, moonflower, purple thorn-apple, thorn-apple; Other: lā’au hānō, kīkānia, kīkānia haole (Hawai‘i) Solanaceae herb
Delairea odorata English: German ivy, Italian ivy, cape ivy Asteraceae vine
Dentella repens   Rubiaceae herb
Derris elliptica English: derris Fabaceae vine
Desmanthus virgatus English: slender mimosa, virgate mimosa Fabaceae shrub
Desmodium gangeticum   Fabaceae herb
Desmodium heterophyllum English: hetero, Spanish clover Fabaceae herb
Desmodium intortum English: beggarlice, green-leaf desmodium Fabaceae herb
Desmodium nicaraguense   Fabaceae shrub
Desmodium scorpiurus   Fabaceae herb
Desmodium tortuosum English: Florida beggarweed, Spanish clover, dixie ticktrefoil Fabaceae herb
Dichrostachys cinerea English: aroma, Kalahari Christmas tree, Chinese lantern tree, sickle bush, marabou-thorn, marabú Fabaceae shrub
Digitaria bicornis English: southern crabgrass Poaceae grass
Digitaria eriantha English: common finger grass, digit grass, pangola grass, woolly finger grass Poaceae grass
Digitaria fuscescens English Y grass; Other: creeping kūkaepua‘a (Hawai‘i) Poaceae grass
Digitaria horizontalis   Poaceae grass
Digitaria insularis English: cottongrass, sourgrass, feather-top grass Poaceae grass
Digitaria sanguinalis English: crab finger grass, hairy crabgrass, large crabgrass, manne terrestre, panic sanguin, summer grass Poaceae grass
Dillenia suffruticosa English: shrubby dillenia, shrubby simpoh Dilleniaceae shrub/tree
Diplotaxis muralis English: wall rocket Brassicaceae herb
Drymaria cordata English: drymaria, tropical chickweed, West Indian chickweed; Other: pipili, pilipili (Hawai‘i) Caryophyllaceae herb
Duranta erecta English: duranta, golden dewdrop, pigeon-berry, sky-flower; Other: ‘olive (Tonga) Verbenaceae shrub
Echinochloa polystachya English: aleman grass, carib grass, creeping rivergrass Poaceae grass
Echinochloa stagnina English: barnyard grass, burgu grass, hippo grass, long-awn water grass Poaceae grass
Elaeocarpus angustifolius English: blue fig, blue marble tree, quandong (Australia); Other: apatua, siapoatua, siapatua (American Samoa and Samoa) Elaeocarpaceae tree
Eleocharis dulcis English: Chinese water-chestnut, ground-chestnut, waternut; Other: utu utu (Samoa) Cyperaceae sedge
Eleocharis geniculata English: spikerush Cyperaceae sedge
Elephantopus mollis English: elephantopus, elephant’s foot, tobacco weed; Other: tapuvae ‘erepani, tapuae ‘erepani, vaevae ‘erepani, tapua ‘erepani? (Cook Islands); lata hina, lau veveli (Tonga) Asteraceae herb
Elettaria cardamomum English: cardamom Zingiberaceae herb
Emex australis English: doublegee, spiny emex, three-corner Jack Polygonaceae herb
Emex spinosa   Polygonaceae herb
Emilia coccinea English: Flora’s paintbrush, tasselflower Asteraceae herb
Emilia fosbergii Other: pualele (Hawai‘i) Asteraceae herb
Episcia cupreata English: episcia, flame violet Gesneriaceae herb
Eragrostis cilianensis English: gray love grass, stinkgrass Poaceae grass
Eragrostis elongata English: clustered lovegrass (Australia) Poaceae grass
Eragrostis pilosa English: hairy love grass, Indian love grass, soft lovegrass Poaceae grass
Eragrostis tenuifolia English: elastic grass, love grass Poaceae grass
Eragrostis tremula   Poaceae grass
Eragrostis unioloides   Poaceae grass
Erechtites hieraciifolius English: American burnweed, American fireweed, burnweed, fireweed, Malayan groundsel, pilewort Asteraceae herb
Erechtites valerianifolia English: Brazilian fireweed, fireweed, fireweed daisy, Ceylon thistle; Other: fua lele, pua lele (Samoa); fisi puna (Tonga) Asteraceae herb
Eremochloa ophiuroides English: centipede grass Poaceae grass
Erigeron bellioides   Asteraceae herb
Erigeron karvinskianus English: Mexican daisy, seaside daisy, daisy fleabane Asteraceae herb
Eriochloa procera   Poaceae grass
Eryngium foetidum English: false coriander, shadow-beni, stinkweed Apiaceae herb
Euphorbia helioscopia English: sun spurge Euphorbiaceae herb
Euphorbia peplus English: petty spurge Euphorbiaceae herb
Eustachys petraea   Poaceae grass
Fallopia convolvulus English: black bindweed, wild buckwheat Polygonaceae herb
Ficus altissima English: lofty fig, false banyan, council tree Moraceae tree
Ficus benghalensis English: banyan, Indian banyan, vada tree; Other: pulu (Samoa) Moraceae tree
Ficus benjamina English: weeping fig, baka, Java fig, weeping fig, Benjamin tree; Other: ‘ovava Fisi (Tonga) Moraceae tree
Ficus macrophylla English: Moreton Bay fig Moraceae tree
Ficus microcarpa English: Chinese banyan, Malayan banyan, Indian laurel Moraceae tree
Ficus nota English: tibig Moraceae tree
Ficus rubiginosa English: rusty-leaved fig, Port Jackson fig, littleleaf fig Moraceae tree
Filicium decipiens English: fern tree, soapberry Sapindaceae tree
Fimbristylis autumnalis English: slender fimbristylis Cyperaceae sedge
Fimbristylis littoralis English: grass-like fimbristylis, lesser fimbristylis Cyperaceae sedge
Flacourtia indica English: batoko-plum, governor's-plum, Indian-plum, Madagascar-plum, ramontchi Flacourtiaceae tree
Flacourtia rukam English: Indian plum, Indian prune, governor's plum; Other: filimoto (American Samoa, Fiji, Futuna, Samoa and Tonga) Flacourtiaceae tree
Flemingia macrophylla Fabaceae tree
Flemingia strobilifera English: luck plant, wild hops Fabaceae shrub
Flindersia brayleyana English: Queensland maple, silkwood Rutaceae tree
Fuirena umbellata   Cyperaceae sedge
Funtumia elastica English: African rubber tree, silkrubber; Other: pulu vao (Samoa) Apocynaceae tree
Furcraea hexapetala English: Cuban hemp, hemp Agavaceae succulent
Galinsoga parviflora English: gallant soldier, small-flower galinsoga, yellow weed Asteraceae herb
Galinsoga quadriradiata English: hairy galinsoga, Peruvian daisy Asteraceae herb
Gamochaeta pensylvanica English: Pennsylvania cudweed Asteraceae herb
Gamochaeta purpurea English: purple cudweed Asteraceae herb
Gmelina arborea English: gmelina, white teak, white beech Lamiaceae tree
Gmelina asiatica English: badhara bush, Asiatic beechberry, oval-leafed gmelina Lamiaceae shrub
Gmelina elliptica   Lamiaceae shrub
Gomphocarpus physocarpus English: balloon plant, balloon cottonbush, bladderbush, wild cotton Ascelepiadaceae shrub
Gomphrena celosioides English: gomphrena weed Amaranthaceae herb
Gomphrena serrata   Amaranthaceae herb
Grevillea banksii English: kahili flower, Banks grevillea; Other: ha‘iku, kahili (Hawai‘i); ‘oka pua ‘ula‘ula (Hawai‘i (Ni‘ihau)) Proteaceae tree
Grewia asiatica English: phalsa Tiliaceae tree
Gymnocoronis spilanthoides English: Senegal tea, temple plant Asteraceae herb
Haematoxylum campechianum English: logwood, bloodwood tree, campeachy wood, campeche Fabaceae tree
Harungana madagascariensis English: harungana Clusiaceae tree
Hedera helix English: English ivy, ivy Araliaceae vine
Hedychium coronarium English: white ginger, butterfly lily, ginger lily, garland flower; Other: teuila paepae (American Samoa and Samoa); kōpī teatea, re‘a teatea (Cook Islands); thevunga (Tonga); ‘awapuhi ke‘oke‘o (Hawai‘i) Zingiberaceae herb
Hedychium gardnerianum English: kahili ginger; Other: kōpī (Cook Islands); kahili, ‘awapuhi kahili (Hawai‘i) Zingiberaceae herb
Helianthus argophyllus English: silverleaf sunflower; Other: siola'a (Samoa) Asteraceae herb
Heliocarpus popayanensis English: moho, white moho Tiliaceae tree
Heliotropium indicum English: Indian heliotrope, turnsole Boraginaceae herb
Heliotropium procumbens var. depressum   Boraginaceae herb
Hemigraphis reptans   Acanthaceae herb
Heterocentron subtriplinervium English: pearl flower Melastomataceae herb
Hevea brasiliensis English: hevea, Brazilian rubber tree, Para rubber tree Euphorbiaceae tree
Hippobroma longiflora English: star of Bethlehem, fetia, madamfate; Other: pua hōkū (Hawai‘i) Campanulaceae herb
Hiptage benghalensis English: hiptage Malpighiaceae shrub
Homalanthus populifolius English: native bleeding-heart Euphorbiaceae tree
Hovenia dulcis English: Chinese raisintree, Japanese raisintree Rhamnaceae tree
Hura crepitans English: sandbox tree Euphorbiaceae tree
Hydrocotyle bonariensis English: pennywort, kurnell curse, large-leaved pennywort Apiaceae herb
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides English: water pennywort Apiaceae herb
Hymenachne amplexicaulis English: hymenachne, trompetilla, West Indian marsh grass Poaceae grass
Hyparrhenia rufa English: jaragua grass, thatching grass Poaceae grass
Hypericum androsaemum English: amber, sweet amber, tutsan Clusiaceae shrub
Hypericum canariense English: Canary Islands St. Johnswort Clusiaceae shrub
Hypericum perforatum English: goatweed, Klamath weed, St. John's-wort Clusiaceae herb
Hypochoeris glabra English: smooth cats-ear Asteraceae herb
Hypochoeris radicata English: hairy cat’s ear, gosmore Asteraceae herb
Hyptis capitata English: knobweed; Other: maa uupo (French Polynesia) Lamiaceae herb
Hyptis mutabilis English: tropical bushmint Lamiaceae herb
Hyptis pectinata English: comb hyptis, comb bushmint, mint weed, purple top; Other: miri tītā (Cook Islands (‘Atiu)); vao mini (Samoa) Lamiaceae herb
Impatiens walleriana English: garden impatiens, balsam, busy lizzy, bizzy-lizzie, patient lucy; sultan’s flower Balsaminaceae herb
Imperata conferta English: plume grass Poaceae grass
Imperata cylindrica English: blady grass, cogon grass, satintail Poaceae grass
Indigofera linifolia   Fabaceae herb
Inga edulis English: ice cream bean Fabaceae tree
Ipomoea alba English: moonflower; Other: koali pehu (Hawai‘i), fue sina, fue to (Samoa) Convolvulaceae vine
Ipomoea hederifolia English: ivy-leaf morning glory, star ipomoea, trompillo Convolvulaceae vine
Ipomoea obscura   Convolvulaceae vine
Ipomoea ochracea   Convolvulaceae vine
Ipomoea purpurea English: common morning-glory, tall morning-glory Convolvulaceae herb
Isachne globosa   Poaceae grass
Ischaemum polystachyum English: paddle grass Poaceae grass
Ischaemum rugosum English: muraina grass, wrinkle duck-beak, saramatta grass Poaceae grass
Ischaemum timorense English: centipede grass, stalkleaf murainagrass, lucuntu grass Poaceae grass
Jasminum fluminense English: Brazilian jasmine Oleaceae vine
Jatropha gossypiifolia English: bellyache bush, cotton-leaved physic nut Euphorbiaceae shrub
Juncus spp. English: rush Juncaceae rush
Justicia carnea English: pink plume-flower, pink jacobinia Acanthaceae shrub
Justicia procumbens   Acanthaceae herb
Khaya senegalensis English: African mahogany, Senegal mahogany Meliaceae tree
Koanophyllon solidaginoides   Asteraceae herb?
Koelreuteria elegans English: Chinese rain tree, flame gold, golden rain tree Sapindaceae tree
Kunzea ericoides English: tree manuka, tree manuba, kanuka (New Zealand), burgan, white teatree Myrtaceae tree
Kyllinga melanosperma   Cyperaceae sedge
Kyllinga polyphylla English: Navua sedge; Other: tuise tele, tuise fiti (Samoa) Cyperaceae sedge
Lantana montevidensis English: creeping lantana, purple lantana, small lantana, trailing lantana weeping lantana Verbenaceae herb
Leersia hexandra English: cutgrass Poaceae grass
Leonotis nepetifolia English: lion’s tail, lion’s ear, Christmas candlestick Lamiaceae herb
Lepidium ruderale English: peppergrass Brassicaceae herb
Lepidium sativum English: garden cress Brassicaceae herb
Leptospermum polygalifolium   Myrtaceae shrub
Leptospermum scoparium English: New Zealand tea; manuka (New Zealand) Myrtaceae tree
Leucas lavandulifolia   Lamiaceae herb
Licuala grandis English: ruffled fan palm Arecaceae tree (palm)
Ligustrum spp. English: privet Oleaceae shrubs/ trees
Limonia acidissima English: elephant-apple, Indian wood-apple, wood-apple Rutaceae tree
Lindernia antipoda   Scrophulariaceae herb
Lindernia crustacea Other: moomai pere, haehaa, mataura (French Polynesia) Scrophulariaceae herb
Lindernia nummulariifolia   Scrophulariaceae herb
Litsea glutinosa English: Indian laurel Lauraceae tree
Lobelia zeylanica English: white root Campanulaceae herb
Lolium multiflorum English: Italian ryegrass Poaceae grass
Lophostemon confertus English: brush box, Brisbane box, vinegar tree Myrtaceae tree
Ludwigia hyssopifolia   Onagraceae herb
Ludwigia longifolia English: longleaf primrose-willow Onagraceae herb
Ludwigia octovalvis English: willow primrose, false primrose, yellow willow herb; Other: tiēmu (Cook Islands); pītōrea (Cook Islands (Ngaputoru and Mangaia), French Polynesia (leeward Society Islands); kāmole, alohalua, kāmole lau li‘i, kāmole lau nui (Hawai‘i); laavai, mautofu vao, fua samasama (Samoa) Onagraceae herb
Ludwigia peruviana English: ludwigia, Peruvian primrose, water primrose Onagraceae herb
Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium English: currant tomato Solanaceae herb
Lygodium palmatum English: Hartford fern, American climbing fern, creeping fern, Windsor fern Schizaeaceae fern
Maesopsis eminii English: umbrella tree, musizi Rhamnaceae tree
Malachra alceifolia English: malachra Malvaceae herb
Malva parviflora English: cheeseweed, Egyptian mallow, little mallow, small-flower mallow Malvaceae herb
Malvastrum americanum English: Indian Valley false mallow Malvaceae herb
Marrubium vulgare English: common horehound, horehound, white horehound Lamiaceae herb
Martynia annua English: devil's claw, iceplant, small-fruit devil's claw, tiger's-claw Martyniaceae herb
Medicago lupulina English: black medic, hop-clover, nonesuch, yellow trefoil Fabaceae herb
Medicago polymorpha English: burr medic, California bur-clover, hairy medic, toothed bur-clover, toothed medic Fabaceae herb
Medinilla cummingii English: medinilla Melastomataceae shrub
Medinilla magnifica English: chandelier tree, showy melastome, showy medinilla, Malaysian orchid Melastomataceae shrub
Medinilla venosa English: holdtight Melastomataceae shrub
Melaleuca quinquenervia English: melaleuca, cajeput, paper bark tree, punk tree Myrtaceae tree
Melastoma candidum English: Asian melastome, Indian rhododendron, Malabar melastome Melastomataceae tree
Melastoma sanguineum English: fox-tongued melastoma, red melastome Melastomataceae shrub/tree
Melicoccus bijugatus English: Spanish lime Sapindaceae tree
Melinis repens English: Natal redtop, Natal grass, red Natal grass, Holme's grass, blanketgrass; Other: salapona (Tonga) Poaceae grass
Melochia corchorifolia   Sterculiaceae herb
Melochia umbellata   Sterculiaceae shrub
Memecylon floribundum Melastomataceae shrub
Merremia bracteata Other: ambui (Solomon Islands) Convolvulaceae vine
Merremia hirta   Convolvulaceae vine
Merremia pacifica   Convolvulaceae vine
Merremia umbellata English: yellow wood rose Convolvulaceae vine
Miconia calvescens English: miconia, velvetleaf, purple plague, bush currant Melastomataceae tree
Microlaena stipoides English: meadow ricegrass, weeping grass Poaceae grass
Mikania scandens English: climbing hempweed, climbing hempvine Asteraceae vine
Mimosa pigra English: catclaw mimosa, thorny sensitiveplant, giant mimosa, giant sensitive plant, black mimosa, zaraz, dormilona, bashful plant, amourette violet Fabaceae shrub
Mitracarpus hirtus English: tropical girdlepod Rubiaceae herb
Montanoa hibiscifolia English: montanoa, tree daisy, Anzac flower Asteraceae shrub
Morella cerifera English: bayberry, candleberry, southern bayberry, southern wax-myrtle, wax-myrtle, waxberry Myricaceae tree
Morella faya English: fayatree, firetree, firebush Myricaceae tree
Mucuna pruriens English: cow itch, velvet bean, Bengal bean, Mauritius bean Fabaceae vine
Muntingia calabura English: jam tree, strawberry tree, Jamaican cherry, Singapore cherry, Panama cherry, Panama berry, ornamental cherry, calabura, sirsen; Other: venevene (Cook Islands (Penrhyn)); capulin (French Polynesia) Tiliaceae tree
Neyraudia reynaudiana English: Burma reed, cane grass, silk reed Poaceae grass
Noronhia emarginata English: Madagascar olive Oleaceae tree
Ochna kirkii English: Micky Mouse plant, bird’s-eye bush Ochnaceae shrub
Ochna serrulata English: ochna, Mickey-Mouse plant, bird’s-eye bush Ochnaceae shrub
Ochroma pyramidale English: balsa, corkwood, down tree Bombacaceae tree
Ocimum gratissimum English: wild basil, clove basil, tree basil; Other: miri tītā, miri tūtae puaka, miri nganga‘ere, miri tūpāpaku (Cook Islands); miri papa‘ā, miri taratoni (Cook Islands, French Polynesia); la’au sauga (Samoa) Lamiaceae herb
Oldenlandia pumila   Rubiaceae herb
Olea europaea English: olive; Other: ‘oliwa, ‘oliwa haole (Hawai'i) Oleaceae tree
Olyra latifolia   Poaceae grass
Oplismenus burmannii   Poaceae grass
Opuntia dillenii English: dildo, Eltham indian fig, sweet prickly-pear Cactaceae cactus
Opuntia ficus-indica English: Barbary-fig, Indian-fig, mission cactus, prickly-pear; Other: pānini, pāpipi (Hawai‘i) Cactaceae cactus
Opuntia monacantha English: drooping tree pear, prickly pear; Other: lauaufai va (Samoa) Cactaceae cactus
Opuntia stricta English: erect prickly-pear, southern spineless cactus Cactaceae cactus
Ossaea marginata   Melastomataceae shrub
Oxalis barrelieri Other: a'aa'a'ii, vine (Samoa) Oxalidaceae herb
Oxalis debilis English: pink wood-sorrel, lilac oxalis; Other: ‘ihi pehu (Hawai‘i), ‘ii (Samoa) Oxalidaceae herb
Oxyspora paniculata English: oxyspora, bristletips Melastomataceae shrub
Paederia foetida English: stink vine, skunk vine; Other: maile pilau, maile ka kahiki (Hawai'i). Rubiaceae vine
Panicum decompositum English: Australian millet, umbrella grass Poaceae grass
Panicum polygonatum   Poaceae grass
Panicum repens English: torpedo grass, couch panicum, creeping panic; Other: wainaku grass (Hawai'i) Poaceae grass
Paraserianthes lophantha English: brush wattle, plume albizia, plume acacia, stink bean Fabaceae shrub/tree
Parkinsonia aculeata English: parkinsonia, Jerusalem thorn, horse-bean, retama Fabaceae tree
Parthenium hysterophorus English: bitterweed, carrot grass, false ragweed, feverfew, parthenium weed, whitetop, Santa Maria Asteraceae herb
Paspalum fimbriatum English: fimbriate paspalum, winged paspalum, Panama paspalum, Panama crowngrass, Columbia grass Poaceae grass
Paspalum notatum English: Bahia grass Poaceae grass
Paspalum setaceum   Poaceae grass
Paspalum urvillei English: Vasey grass; Other: tinikarāti (Cook Islands (Mangaia)) Poaceae grass
Passiflora alata English: wild passion fruit, wingstem passionflower Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora caerulea English: blue passion flower Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora coccinea English: scarlet passion flower, red passion flower, red granadilla Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora incarnata English: purple passion-flower, red-flowered poka, apricot-vine, maypop, maypop passionflower Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora ligularis English: sweet granadilla, yellow passionfruit; Other: lemi wai, lani wai, lemona (Hawai‘i) Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora pulchella English: two-lobed passion flower, wingleaf passionfruit Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora rubra English: red passionfruit, Dutchman's laudanum; Other: pōkutekute (Cook Islands (‘Atiu)) Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora suberosa English: wild passionfruit, devil's pumpkin, indigo berry, corky passionflower, corkstem passionflower; Other: huehue haole (Hawai'i) Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora subpeltata English: white passionflower Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora tarminiana English: banana poka, banana passionfruit, bananadilla Passifloraceae vine
Paulownia tomentosa English: paulownia, princess-tree, Chinese empress tree, karri-tree Scrophulariaceae tree
Pennisetum clandestinum English: kikuyu grass, kikuyo Poaceae grass
Pennisetum glaucum English: bajra, bulrush millet, burr bristle grass, cat’s tail grass, cattail millet, mongoose tail grass (Fiji), pearl millet, yellow bristle grass, yellow foxtail Poaceae grass
Pennisetum macrourum English: African feathergrass, bedding grass Poaceae grass
Pennisetum polystachion English: mission grass, feathery pennisetum Poaceae grass
Pennisetum setaceum English: fountain grass Poaceae grass
Pereskia aculeata English: Barbados gooseberry, leafy cactus, lemon vine, pereskia creeper Cactaceae shrub
Persicaria capitata   Polygalaceae herb
Persicaria glabra Other: kāmole (Hawai‘i) Polygonaceae herb
Phaseolus lunatus English: lima bean, butter bean, Burma bean, haricot bean, Madagascar bean, sieva bean, sugar bean; Other: piini ‘ae puaka (Tonga) Fabaceae herb
Philadelphus karwinskyanus English: philadelphus, evergreen mock orange, syringa Saxifragaceae shrub
Phormium tenax English: New Zealand flax, New Zealand hemp, bush flax Agavaceae herb
Phyla nodiflora English: fogfruit, lippia, phyla Verbenaceae herb
Phyllanthus debilis   Euphorbiaceae herb
Phyllanthus tenellus English: long-stalk phyllanthus, Mascarene Island leaf-flower Euphorbiaceae herb
Phyllanthus urinaria   Euphorbiaceae herb
Phyllostachys bissetii   Poaceae shrub
Phyllostachys nigra English: black bamboo Poaceae shrub
Phytolacca octandra Engish: pokeweed, Southern pokeberry, ink weed (Australia) Phytolaccaceae shrub
Pimenta dioica English: pimento, allspice; Other: sipaisi (Tonga) Myrtaceae tree
Pimenta racemosa English: bay rum tree, bay oil tree, malagueta; Other: sinamoni (Tonga) Myrtaceae tree
Pinus elliottii English: slash pine Pinaceae tree
Piper aduncum English: spiked pepper Piperaceae shrub/tree
Piper auritum English: eared pepper, anise piper, Veracruz pepper; Other: ‘ava Tonga (Samoa), kava Hawai‘i (Tonga) Piperaceae shrub
Piriqueta racemosa   Turneraceae herb
Pithecellobium dulce English: Madras thorn, Manila tamarind, sweet inga; Other: 'opiuma (Hawai'i) Fabaceae tree
Pittosporum pentandrum English: pittosporum, Taiwanese cheesewood, mamalis Pittosporaceae shrub/tree
Pittosporum tobira English: tobira, Japanese pittosporum, Japanese cheesewood, mock orange, Australian laurel Pittosporaceae shrub/tree
Pittosporum undulatum English: Victorian box, Victorian laurel, Australian cheesewood, mock orange, sweet pittosporum, orange pittosporum Pittosporaceae tree
Pittosporum viridiflorum English: cape pittosporum Pittosporaceae tree
Plantago debilis   Plantaginaceae herb
Platycerium bifurcatum English: elkhorn fern, staghorn fern Selaginellaceae fern
Pluchea carolinensis English: sour bush Asteraceae shrub
Pluchea indica English: Indian fleabane, Indian pluchea, Indian camphorweed Asteraceae shrub
Polygonum dichotomum   Polygonaceae herb
Polygonum minus English: smartweed Polygonaceae herb
Praxelis clematidea English: praxelis Asteraceae herb
Prosopis spp. English: mesquite, algaroba Fabaceae tree
Psidium cattleianum English: strawberry guava, cherry guava, Cattley guava, Chinese guava; Other: tūava papa‘ā (Cook Islands); tuava tinito, tuvava tinito (French Polynesia); waiawi ‘ula‘ula (Hawai'i); ku‘ava (Samoa) Myrtaceae tree
Psidium guineense English: Brazilian guava, Guinea guava Myrtaceae shrub/tree
Ptychosperma macarthurii English: cluster palm, hurricane palm, Macarthur feather palm, Macarthur palm Arecaceae tree (palm)
Pyrostegia venusta English: flame vine, flame flower, golden shower, orange trumpet vine Bignoniaceae vine
Rhodomyrtus tomentosa English: rose myrtle, downy myrtle, Isenberg bush Myrtaceae shrub
Rhynchospora caduca Cyperaceae herb
Rivina humilis English: baby pepper, bloodberry, coral berry, rouge plant; Other: polo (Tonga) Phytolaccaceae herb
Rosa laevigata English: Cherokee rose Rosaceae shrub
Rottboellia cochinchinensis English: guinea-fowl grass, itchgrass, Kelly grass, kokoma grass, Raoul grass Poaceae grass
Rubus adenotrichos   Rosaceae shrub
Rubus alceifolius English: giant bramble Rosaceae shrub
Rubus argutus English: prickly Florida blackberry; Other: ōhelo ‘ele ‘ele (Hawai‘i) Rosaceae shrub
Rubus glaucus English: Andean blackberry, Andean black raspberry Rosaceae shrub
Rubus megalococcus   Rosaceae shrub
Rubus moluccanus English: Molucca raspberry, broad leafed bramble, Molucca bramble, eelkek Rosaceae shrub
Rubus niveus English: Ceylon raspberry, hill raspberry, Mysore raspberry Rosaceae shrub
Rubus rosifolius English: roseleaf raspberry, thimbleberry, Mauritius raspberry; Other: ōla‘a, ākala, ākalakala (Hawai‘i) Rosaceae shrub
Rubus sieboldii English: Molucca raspberry Rosaceae shrub
Rubus spp. English: raspberries, blackberries, brambles Rosaceae shrub
Rubus ulmifolius English: elm-leaf blackberry Rosaceae shrub
Ruellia brevifolia Acanthaceae herb
Ruellia tuberosa English: large bell-flower (Samoa); Other: vaouliuli lautele (Samoa) Acanthaceae herb
Rumex brownii English: brown dock, hooked dock, slender dock, swamp dock Polygonaceae herb
Rumex crispus English: curled dock, curly dock, sour dock, yellow dock Polygonaceae herb
Rumex pulcher English: fiddle dock Polygonaceae herb
Saccharum spontaneum English: wild cane, false sugarcane; Other: to aheo (French Polynesia); vao tolo (Samoa) Poaceae grass
Sacciolepis indica English: glenwood grass Poaceae grass
Sacciolepis interrupta   Poaceae grass
Sanchezia speciosa English: sanchezia. Acanthaceae shrub
Schefflera actinophylla English: octopus tree, umbrella tree, ivy palm Araliaceae tree
Schefflera arboricola English: dwarf brassia, dwarf schefflera, Hawaiian elf schefflera Araliaceae shrub
Schinus molle English: pepper tree, California pepper tree, Peruvian peppertree, pepperina Anacardiaceae tree
Schinus terebinthifolius English: Christmas-berry, Brazilian pepper, Brazilian holly; Other: wilelaiki (Hawai‘i), naniohilo (Hawai‘i (Moloka‘i)) Anacardiaceae tree
Schizachyrium condensatum English: little bluestem, bush beardgrass Poaceae grass
Scoparia dulcis English: scoparia, sweet broom Scrophulariaceae herb
Senecio madagascariensis English: fireweed Asteraceae herb
Senecio quadridentatus English: cotton fireweed Asteraceae herb
Senna bicapsularis English: Christmasbush, moneybush, rambling cassia Fabaceae shrub
Senna hirsuta English: stinking cassia (Fiji) Fabaceae shrub
Senna multiglandulosa   Fabaceae shrub
Senna obtusifolia English: habucha, coffeeweed, sicklepod Fabaceae herb
Senna septemtrionalis English: buttercup bush, yellow shower, laburnum; Other: kolomona, kalamona (Hawai'i) Fabaceae shrub/tree
Senna sophera Other: matui (Tonga) Fabaceae herb
Sesbania cannabina English: canicha, dhaincha, dhunchi, sesbania pea Fabaceae shrub
Sesbania grandiflora English: sesbania, hummingbird tree, sesban, scarlet wisteria tree, corkwood tree; Other: oufai, ofai, ouai (French Polynesia); ohai ke‘oke‘o (Hawai‘i); sepania (Samoa) Fabaceae small tree
Sesbania punicea English: red sesbania, coffee weed, rattle-pod, sesban, red seine bean, Brazil rattlebox, coffee of the coast, tame acacia, false poinciana, black acacia, purple sesbane Fabaceae shrub
Setaria barbata English: bristly foxtail grass Poaceae grass
Setaria italica English: foxtail millet, German millet, Hungarian millet, Italian millet Poaceae grass
Setaria palmifolia English: palmgrass, short pitpit, hailans pitpit, broadleaved bristlegrass; Other: vao ‘ofe‘ofe (Samoa) Poaceae grass
Setaria parviflora English: knotroot bristle grass, knotroot foxtail, perennial foxtail, slender pigeon grass, yellow foxtail; Other: mau‘u Kaleponi (Hawai‘i) Poaceae grass
Setaria pumila English: foxtail, garden bristle grass, hairy-tail grass, yellow bristlegrass, Queensland pigeon grass (Australia), cat's tail grass (Fiji) Poaceae grass
Sida cordifolia English: flannelweed, heart-leaf sida Malvaceae shrub
Sida glomerata Other: mautofu (Samoa) Malvaceae shrub
Sida linifolia   Malvaceae herb
Sida paniculata   Malvaceae shrub
Sida spinosa English: prickly sida, spiny sida Malvaceae herb
Sida urens   Malvaceae shrub
Sidastrum paniculatum   Malvaceae shrub
Sigesbeckia orientalis English: Indian weed, small yellow crown-beard, yellow crown-head; Other: kamika (Cook Islands (Mangaia)), ‘a‘ami‘a (Samoa), kakamika (Tonga, Wallis and Futuna) Asteraceae herb
Sisymbrium erysimoides English: smooth mustard Brassicaceae herb
Sisyrinchium micranthum English: scourweed Iridaceae herb
Solandra maxima English: golden cup, cup of gold, chalice vine Solanaceae vine
Solanum capsicoides English: cockroach berry, devil’s apple, soda apple; Other: poro‘iti taratara (Cook Islands); kikania kei, akaaka, akaka (Hawai'i) Solanaceae herb
Solanum mammosum English: nipple fruit Solanaceae shrub
Solanum mauritianum English: bugweed, wild tobacco, tree tobacco; Other: rau ‘ava‘ava (Cook Islands); pua nana honua (Hawai'i); pula (Tonga) Solanaceae shrub
Solanum nigrum English: black-berry night shade (Australia), black nightshade, poisonberry; Other: polokai (Tonga); magalo, polo (Samoa) Solanaceae herb
Solanum seaforthianum English: potato creeper, Brazilian nightshade Solanaceae vine
Solanum viarum English: tropical soda apple Solanaceae herb
Soliva anthemifolia English: dwarf jojo Asteraceae herb
Sonchus arvensis English: corn sow thistle, field sow thistle, perennial sow thistle Asteraceae herb
Sorghum halepense English: Johnson grass, Aleppo grass, Aleppo milletgrass; Other: kola (Tonga) Poaceae grass
Spermacoce confusa English: river false buttonweed Rubiaceae herb
Spermacoce ernstii   Rubiaceae herb
Spermacoce latifolia   Rubiaceae herb
Spermacoce mauritiana   Rubiaceae herb
Spermacoce ocymoides English: purple-leaved button weed Rubiaceae herb
Spermacoce prostrata English: false buttonweed, prostrate false buttonweed Rubiaceae herb
Sphenoclea zeylanica   Sphenocleaceae. herb
Sporobolus elongatus English: wiregrass, rat-tail dropseed Poaceae grass
Sporobolus pyramidalis   Poaceae grass
Stachys arvensis English: staggerweed Lamiaceae herb
Stapelia gigantea English: carrion flower, starfish flower, zulu-giant, giant toad plant Asclepiadaceae succulent
Stellaria media English: chickweed, common chickweed, stickwort Caryophyllaceae herb
Stenotaphrum secundatum English: buffalo grass, St. Augustine grass; Other: ‘aki‘aki haole, mānienie ‘aki‘aki, mānienie ‘aki‘aki haole, mānienie māhikihiki (Hawai‘i) Poaceae grass
Stictocardia tiliifolia English: stictocardia, crimson morning-glory; Other: pilikai (Hawai‘i); tagamimi, palulu (Samoa) Convolvulaceae vine
Struchium sparganophorum   Asteraceae herb
Syncarpia glomulifera English: turpentine tree, lustre wood Myrtaceae tree
Tabebuia heterophylla English: pink tecoma, pink trumpet tree, white cedar Bignoniaceae tree
Tamarix aphylla English: Athel tamarisk, athel pine, salt-cedar Tamaricaceae shrub
Tamarix gallica English: saltcedar Tamaricaceae tree
Tephrosia noctiflora   Fabaceae herb
Terminalia myriocarpa English: hollock, jhalna Combretaceae tree
Tetrazygia bicolor English: Florida clover ash Melastomataceae shrub/tree
Teucrium vesicarium   Lamiaceae herb
Themeda gigantea English: ulla Poaceae grass
Themeda quadrivalvis English: grader grass, habana grass, kangaroo grass Poaceae grass
Thunbergia alata English: black-eyed susan vine Acanthaceae vine
Thunbergia grandiflora English: Bengal trumpet, blue trumpet vine, clock vine, skyvine, large-flowerd thunbergia; Other: palulu (Samoa) Acanthaceae vine
Thunbergia laurifolia English: purple allamanda, laurel-leaved thunbergia, laurel clock vine Acanthaceae vine
Tibouchina herbacea English: glorybush, cane ti, tibouchina Melastomataceae shrub
Tibouchina urvilleana English: glorybush, lasiandra, princess flower Melastomataceae shrub
Timonius timon English: liberal (Palau) Rubiaceae tree
Tradescantia fluminensis English: small-leaf spiderwort, spiderwort, wandering jew Commelinaceae herb
Trema micranthum English: capulin, nettle tree Ulmaceae tree
Trema orientalis English: charcoal tree, gunpowder tree; Other: aere (French Polynesia), mangele, magele (Samoa, Tonga) Ulmaceae tree
Triadica sebifera English: Chinese tallow tree, popcorn tree, vegetable tallow, white wax berry, chicken tree, Florida aspen Euphorbiaceae tree
Tribulus cistoides English: puncture vine, caltrop, burrnut, Jamaican feverplant, goat’s head; Other: nohu, nohunohu (Hawai‘i) Zygophyllaceae herb
Tribulus terrestris English: puncture vine, goat head Zygophyllaceae herb
Trichodesma zeylanicum English: camel bush Boraginaceae herb
Tridax procumbens English: coat buttons, tridax daisy Asteraceae herb
Triphasia trifolia English: limeberry, lemon China Rutaceae shrub
Triplaris weigeltiana English: long john, long jack Polygonaceae tree
Tripsacum latifolium English: wideleaf gamagrass Poaceae grass
Triumfetta semitriloba English: Sacramento bur Tiliaceae shrub
Turbina corymbosa English: turbina, Christmas vine, ololiuqui Convolvulaceae vine
Turnera subulata English: white alder Turneraceae shrub
Turnera ulmifolia English: yellow alder, sage rose Turneraceae shrub
Ulex europaeus English: gorse, furze, whin Fabaceae shrub
Urochloa brizantha English: bread grass, palisade grass, palisade signalgrass, signal grass, Surinam grass Poaceae grass
Urochloa decumbens English: basilisk signal grass, signal grass, Surinam grass Poaceae grass
Urochloa [=Brachiaria] humidicola English: creeping signal grass, koronivia grass Poaceae grass
Urochloa [=Brachiaria] reptans English: creeping panic grass, running grass Poaceae grass
Verbena litoralis Other: ōwī, oī (Hawai‘i); ha‘uōwī, ha‘uōwī (Hawai‘i-Ni‘ihau) Verbenaceae herb
Verbena rigida English: veined verbena Verbenaceae herb
Vicia sativa ssp. nigra English: black-pod vetch, common vetch, narrow-leaf vetch, spring vetch Fabaceae herb
Vigna radiata English: green gram, golden gram, mung, mung bean Fabaceae herb
Vitex parviflora English: small-leaved vitex, smallflower chastetree; Other: molave (Hawai'i) Verbenaceae shrub/tree
Washingtonia filifera English: California fan palm, California Washingtonia, cotton palm, desert fan palm, Washington palm Arecaceae tree (palm)
Washingtonia robusta English: Mexican fan palm, Mexican Washington palm, Mexican washingtonia, thread palm Arecaceae tree (palm)
Waterhousea floribunda English: weeping lilly pilly, weeping myrtle Myrtaceae tree
Wikstroemia indica English: tiebush Thymelacaceae shrub
Xanthium strumarium English: Australian burr (Cook Islands), California-bur, cocklebur, noogoora burr; Other: kikania (Hawai‘i) Asteraceae herb
Yucca aloifolia English: daggerplant, Spanish-bayonet Agavaceae shrub
Zantedeschia aethiopica English: calla lily, arum lily Araceae herb
Zinnia peruviana   Asteraceae herb
Ziziphus jujuba English: Chinese jujube, Chinese date, Chinese plum, common jujube Rhamnaceae tree
Ziziphus mauritiana English: Indian jujube, Chinese date, Chinee apple Rhamnaceae tree

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This page revised 22 April 2006