Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)


Report on invasive plant species in Kiribati


Appendix 3.  Invasive species by location

Table 3.   Invasive species present on Butaritari

Scientific Name

Common Names

Family

Habit

Amaranthus dubius amaranth, spleen amaranth; te uekeueke, te mota (Kiribati) Amaranthaceae herb
Asclepias curassavica bastard ipecac, blood flower, bloodflower milkweed, butterfly weed, false ipecac, milkweed Asclepiadaceae herb
*Asystasia gangetica Chinese violet, Philippine violet, coromandel Acanthaceae herb
*Bambusa spp. bamboo; te kaibaba (Kiribati) Poaceae tree
Bidens pilosa beggars tick, Spanish needle, cobbler's pegs Asteraceae herb
Blechum pyramidatum green shrimp plant Acanthaceae herb
Bryophyllum pinnatum life plant, air plant, resurrection plant, Canterbury bells, cathedral bells, Mexican love plant; te ang (Kiribati), te kabekau (Kiribati (Butaritari)) Crassulaceae succulent
*Canna indica canna, canna lily, Indian shot; te riti (Kiribati) Cannaceae herb
Casuarina equisetifolia casuarina, ironwood, Australian pine, she-oak, horsetail tree, beefwood; pientri (pinetree), b ukam (bluegum on some atolls), nidil, nid (needle on some atolls), te burukam, te katurina (Kiribati) Casuarinaceae tree
Catharanthus roseus Cape periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle, old-maid, rose periwinkle, rosy periwinkle) Apocynaceae herb
Cenchrus echinatus burgrass, sand-bur, southern sandbur, Mossman River grass (Australia); ; te anti, te kateketeke, te uteute ae kateketeke (Kiribati) Poaceae grass
Chamaesyce hirta asthma plant, garden spurge, pill-bearing spurge, hairy spurge Euphorbiaceae herb
Chamaesyce hypericifolia beach spurge, graceful spurge Euphorbiaceae herb
Chamaesyce prostrata creeping splurge, prostrate spurge, red caustic creeper; te tarai (Kiribati) Euphorbiaceae herb
Conyza bonariensis flax-leaf fleabane, hairy fleabane, hairy horseweed, wavy-leaf fleabane Asteraceae herb
Cyperus compressus flat sedge Cyperaceae sedge
Cyperus rotundus nut grass, nutsedge, purple nutsedge, cocograss; te mumute (Kiribati) Cyperaceae sedge
Datura metel datura, downy thorn-apple, Hindu datura, Hindu thorn-apple, hoary thorn-apple, horn-of-plenty, jimson-weed, purple thorn-apple; te uri ni tiana (Kiribati) Solanaceae herb
Delonix regia flame tree, flamboyant, poinciana; te kaitetua (Kiribati) Fabaceae tree
Dentella repens te uteute n Imatang (Kiribati (Butaritari)) Rubiaceae herb
Eleocharis geniculata te maunei Cyperaceae sedge
Eleusine indica goosegrass, wiregrass, goose foot, crow's foot, bullgrass; te uteute, te uteute na banabana (Kiribati) Poaceae grass
+Eragrostis amabilis Bug's egg grass, Japanese love grass, love grass (Fiji, Guam), female grass (Kiribati); te uteute n aine, te uteute te aine (Kiribati) Poaceae grass
Euphorbia cyathophora dwarf poinsettia, fire-on-the-mountain, Mexican fire plant, painted spurge, wild poinsettia; te kabekau (Kiribati) Euphorbiaceae herb
Eustachys petraea   Poaceae grass
*Gloriosa superba climbing-lily, creeping-lily, flame-lily, glory-lily, gloriosa lily Liliaceae herb
Hemigraphis reptans   Acanthaceae herb
Ipomoea violacea moonflower; te ruku (Kiribati, native) Convolvulaceae vine
Kyllinga nemoralis white kyllinga, whitehead spikesedge, whitewater sedge Cyperaceae sedge
*Lantana camara te kaibuaka, lantana Verbenaceae shrub
Leucaena leucocephala leucaena, wild tamarind, lead tree; ; te kaitetua (Kiribati) Fabaceae tree
+Ludwigia octovalvis willow primrose, false primrose, yellow willow herb; te mam (Kiribati) Onagraceae herb
Oldenlandia corymbosa   Rubiaceae herb
Passiflora foetida love-in-a-mist, wild passion fruit, passionflower, stinking passionflower; te biku (Kiribati) Passifloraceae vine
Pennisetum polystachion mission grass, feathery pennisetum Poaceae grass
Phyllanthus amarus te kaimatu (Kiribati) Euphorbiaceae herb
Physalis angulata annual ground cherry, bladder cherry (Solomon Islands), wild cape gooseberry (Fiji); te baraki, te bin (Kiribati) Solanaceae herb
Physalis peruviana Cape gooseberry, goldenberry, gooseberry-tomato, Peruvian ground-cherry, Peruvian-cherry Solanaceae shrub
Pilea microphylla artillery plant, gunpowder plant, pistol plant, rockweed Urticaceae herb
Pluchea carolinensis sour bush; te kaikare, te karei (Kiribati) Asteraceae shrub
Pluchea indica Indian fleabane, Indian pluchea, Indian camphorweed Asteraceae shrub
Portulaca oleracea pigweed, purslane; te boi (Kirbati) Portulacaceae herb
*Pseuderanthemum carruthersii false eranthemum; te iaro (Kiribati) Acanthaceae shrub
Ricinus communis castor bean, castor-oil plant Euphorbiaceae shrub
Russelia equisetiformis coralplant, fountainplant; te kaibaun (Kiribati) Scrophulariaceae shrub
*Sansevieria trifasciata bowstring hemp, mother-in-laws tongue Agavaceae herb
Senna occidentalis antbush, coffee senna; te katia (Kiribati) Fabaceae shrub
Sida rhombifolia arrow-leaf sida, Cuban jute, Paddy's lucerne, Queensland-hemp, teaweed Malvaceae shrub
Spermacoce assurgens buttonweed Rubiaceae herb
Spermacoce ernstii   Rubiaceae herb
Stachytarpheta cayennensis blue rat's tail, dark-blue snakeweed, false verbena, nettleleaf velvetberry; te uti (Kiribati) Verbenaceae herb
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis bastard vervain, blue porterweed, Brazilian tea, Jamaica vervain, joee, light blue snakeweed; te uti (Kiribati) Verbenaceae herb
Synedrella nodiflora Cinderella weed (Australia), porter bush, pig grass (Solomon Islands, Vanuatu), synedrella; Asteraceae herb
*Tecoma stans yellow bells, yellow-elder, yellow trumpetbush; nei Karairai (Kiribati) Bignoniaceae small tree
*Tradescantia spathacea oyster plant, boat plant, boat lily, moses in a boat; te ruru ni (Kiribati) Commelinaceae herb
Tridax procumbens coat buttons, tridax daisy, wild daisy (Fiji, Guam) Asteraceae herb
Turnera ulmifolia yellow alder, sage rose, West Indian holly, ramgoat dashalong: te kakainea (Kiribati) Turneraceae shrub
+Vernonia cinerea ironweed, little ironweed, vernonia Asteraceae herb
Wedelia trilobata wedelia, trailing daisy, Singapore daisy, creeping ox-eye Asteraceae herb

*Cultivated or, if not seen, most likely in cultivation
+Native or early introduction
Reported present by Fosberg et al. (1979)


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