Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)


Report on invasive plant species in Kiribati


Appendix 3.  Invasive species by location

Table 2.   Invasive species present on Abemama

Scientific Name

Common Names

Family

Habit

Agave sisalana sisal, sisal hemp; te robu, te rob' (Kiribati) Agavaceae succulent
Amaranthus dubius amaranth, spleen amaranth; te uekeueke, te mota (Kiribati) Amaranthaceae herb
Bryophyllum pinnatum life plant, air plant; te ang (Kiribati), te kabekau (Kiribati (Butaritari)) Crassulaceae succulent
Casuarina equisetifolia casuarina, ironwood, Australian pine, she-oak, horsetail tree, beefwood; pientri (pinetree), b ukam (bluegum on some atolls), nidil, nid (needle on some atolls), te burukam, te katurina (Kiribati) Casuarinaceae tree
*Catharanthus roseus Cape periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle, old-maid, rosy periwinkle) Apocynaceae herb
Cenchrus ciliaris burgrass, sand-bur, southern sandbur, Mossman River grass (Australia); ; te anti, te kateketeke, te uteute ae kateketeke (Kiribati) Poaceae grass
Chamaesyce hirta asthma plant, garden spurge, pill-bearing spurge, hairy spurge Euphorbiaceae herb
Chamaesyce hypericifolia beach spurge, graceful spurge Euphorbiaceae herb
Chamaesyce prostrata creeping splurge, prostrate spurge; te tarai (Kiribati) Euphorbiaceae herb
Chloris barbata swollen fingergrass, purpletop chloris (Australia), airport grass (Fiji) Poaceae grass
Cynodon dactylon Bermuda grass, giant Bermuda grass, bahama grass, couch grass, Indian doab, grama, devilgrass, couchgrass, balama grass Poaceae grass
Cyperus compressus flat sedge Cyperaceae sedge
Cyperus rotundus nut grass, nutsedge, purple nutsedge; te mumute (Kiribati) Cyperaceae sedge
Datura metel datura, downy thorn-apple, jimson-weed, purple thorn-apple; te uri ni tiana (Kiribati) Solanaceae herb
Dentella repens te uteute n Imatang (Kiribati (Butaritari)) Rubiaceae herb
Eleusine indica goosegrass, wiregrass, goose foot, crow's foot, bullgrass; te uteute, te uteute na banabana (Kiribati) Poaceae grass
+Eragrostis amabilis Bug's egg grass, Japanese love grass, love grass (Fiji, Guam), female grass (Kiribati); te uteute n aine, te uteute te aine (Kiribati) Poaceae grass
Euphorbia cyathophora dwarf poinsettia, fire-on-the-mountain, Mexican fire plant, painted spurge, wild poinsettia; te kabekau (Kiribati) Euphorbiaceae herb
Eustachys petraea Poaceae grass
*Gloriosa superba climbing-lily, creeping-lily, flame-lily, glory-lily, gloriosa lily Liliaceae herb
*Ipomoea aquatica aquatic morning glory, swamp cabbage, water spinach, ung-choi, kang kong; te kang kong, te ruku (Kiribati) Convolvulaceae aquatic herb
*Lantana camara te kaibuaka, lantana Verbenaceae shrub
Leucaena leucocephala leucaena, wild tamarind, lead tree; ; te kaitetua (Kiribati) Fabaceae tree
+Ludwigia octovalvis willow primrose, false primrose, yellow willow herb; te mam (Kiribati) Onagraceae herb
Malvastrum coromandelianum false mallow, prickly malvastrum Malvaceae herb
Ocimum basilicum te marou, sweet basil Lamiaceae herb
Phyllanthus amarus te kaimatu (Kiribati) Euphorbiaceae herb
Physalis angulata annual ground cherry; te baraki, te bin (Kiribati) Solanaceae herb
Portulaca oleracea pigweed, purslane; te boi (Kirbati) Portulacaceae herb
*Pseuderanthemum carruthersii false eranthemum; te iaro (Kiribati) Acanthaceae shrub
Russelia equisetiformis coralplant, fountainplant; te kaibaun (Kiribati) Scrophulariaceae shrub
Sida rhombifolia arrow-leaf sida, Queensland-hemp, teaweed Malvaceae shrub
Solanum torvum prickly solanum, devil's fig, turkeyberry Solanaceae shrub
Spermacoce assurgens buttonweed Rubiaceae herb
Spermacoce ernstii buttonweed Rubiaceae herb
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis bastard vervain, blue porterweed, Brazilian tea, Jamaica vervain, joee, light blue snakeweed; te uti (Kiribati) Verbenaceae herb
Tecoma stans yellow bells, yellow-elder, yellow trumpetbush; nei Karairai (Kiribati) Bignoniaceae small tree
Tridax procumbens coat buttons, tridax daisy, wild daisy (Fiji, Guam) Asteraceae herb
Turnera ulmifolia yellow alder, sage rose, West Indian holly; te kakainea (Kiribati) Turneraceae shrub
Urochloa subquadripara brachiaria, green summer grass, tropical signalgrass, cori grass Poaceae grass
+Vernonia cinerea ironweed, little ironweed, vernonia Asteraceae herb

*Cultivated or, if not seen, most likely in cultivation
+Native or early introduction
Reported present by Fosberg et al. (1979)


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