Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)


Report on invasive plant species in the Cook Islands


Appendix 15. Invasive and potentially invasive species present on other southern Cook Islands but not on Ma‘uke

Scientific Name

Common Names

Present on:

Acacia aulacocarpa English: brown salwood, brush ironbark wattle, hickory wattle Mangaia
Acacia auriculiformis English: Papuan wattle, auri, earleaf acacia, northern black wattle, ear-pod wattle; Other: ākasia (Cook Islands); tuhkehn pwelmwahu (Pohnpei) Rarotonga, Mangaia
Acacia farnesiana English: Ellington curse, klu, sweet acacia; French: acacia jaune, cassie; Other: titima (Cook Islands); vaivai vaka-vatona, vaivai vakavotona, ban baburi, oki (Fiji); aroma, popinac, kandaroma (Guam, CNMI); kolu (Hawai'i); te kaibakoa (Kiribati); debena (Nauru) Rarotonga, Aitutaki

Acacia mearnsii

English: black wattle; French: acacia noir; Other: ākasia (Cook Islands) Rarotonga
Albizia lebbeck English: siris-tree, rain tree, East Indian walnut, kokko, woman's-tongue tree, soros-tree, raom tree ; French: bois noir; Other: ‘arapitia (Cook Islands (Miti‘aro)); trongkon-mames, tronkon mames, mamis (Guam); kalaskas, trongkon-kalaskas (CNMI–Chamorro); schepil kalaskas (CNMI–Carolinian); ukall ra ngebard (Palau); gumorningabchey; ngumorrningobchey (Yap); 'ohai (Hawai‘i); vaivai, vaivai ni vavalangi, vaivai ni vavalagi (Fiji); tamaligi pa’epa’e (Samoa); kasia (Tonga) Rarotonga, Miti'aro
Annona glabra English: pond apple, alligator apple, bullock's heart, cherimoyer; French: annone des marais, corossolier des marais; Other: uto ni mbulumakau, uto ni bulumakau, kaitambo, kaitambu (Fiji) Rarotonga
Antigonon leptopus English: Mexican creeper, mountain rose, Confederate vine, chain-of-love, hearts on a chain, love-vine, coral bells, coral vine, queen’s jewels, kadena de amor, corallita; Other: dilngau (Palau); rohsapoak (Pohnpei) Rarotonga, Aitutaki, 'Atiu
Ardisia crenata English: hen's eyes, Hilo holly, coral berry, Australian holly, scratchthroat; French: arbre à noël Rarotonga
Aristolochia littoralis English: Dutchman's pipe, calico flower; Other: mokorā (Cook Islands); fue paipa holani (Tonga) Mangaia
Arundo donax English: giant reed, Spanish reed, wild cane; French: canne de Provence, grand roseau; Other: ngasau ni vavalangi (Fiji); fiso palagi, fiso papalagi (Samoa); kaho folalahi (Tonga) Rarotonga
Asparagus densiflorus English: asparagus fern, sprengeri fern, smilax, regal fern Rarotonga
Asparagus setaceus English: ornamental asparagus, climbing asparagus fern, plumosa; French: asperge plumeuse; Other: remu (Cook Islands); taupo ‘ou (Tonga) Rarotonga, Aitutaki, 'Atiu, Mangaia, Miti'aro

Axonopus compressus

English: blanket grass, carpetgrass; Other: kambutu ni vavalangi (Fiji) Rarotonga

Axonopus fissifolius

English: caratao grass, narrow-leaved carpetgrass Rarotonga

Azadirachta indica

English: neem, nim, margosa Rarotonga

Bauhinia purpurea

English: purple orchid tree; purple butterfly tree, pink butterfly tree (Fiji); French: fleurs pourpres Rarotonga?

Bauhinia variegata

English: orchid tree; mountain ebony, butterfly tree (Fiji); French: bois de boeuf, sabot boeuf, arbre de Saint-Thomas Rarotonga
Bothriochloa bladhii English: blue grass, Australian beardgrass, Caucasian bluestem; Other: desum (Palau); latoka grass, thamboni grass (Fiji) Aitutaki
Bryophyllum delagoense English: chandelier plant Rarotonga
Bryophyllum pinnatum English: life plant, air plant, resurrection plant, Canterbury bells, cathedral bells, Mexican love plant; Spanish: hoja del aire; Other: ngāngā‘ere toka (Cook Islands); bulatawamudu (Fiji); ‘oliwa ku kahakai (Hawai'i); teang (Kiribati); kibilia (Marshall Islands); tupu he lau, tupu noa (Niue); pagi (Samoa); pipi vao (Tonga) Rarotonga, Aitutaki, Mangaia

Calliandra haematocephala

English: red powder puff; French: pompon Rarotonga

Calliandra surinamensis

English: Surinamese stickpea Rarotonga
Callisia fragrans English: fragrant inch plant, basketplant, spironema Aitutaki, 'Atiu

Calotropis gigantea

English: calotrope, crown flower, madar; French: mercure végétal, mudar; Other: pua-kalaunu (Hawai'i); tahinu (French Polynesia) Rarotonga

Cardiospermum grandiflorum

English: balloon vine; heart seed; Other: kopūpū takaviri? (Cook Islands) Rarotonga

Cardiospermum halicacabum

English: balloon vine, heart pea, love-in-a-puff; Other: wa niu, vo niu (Fiji); vinivinio (French Polynesia), poniu, haleakai‘a, ‘inalua, pohuehue uka (Hawai'i) Miti'aro
Carludovica palmata English: Panama hat plant; French: carludovique palmée; Spanish: chidra, palma de sombrero, palma jipijapa, toquilla; Other:  Panamā (Cook Islands) Rarotonga, 'Atiu
Cecropia obtusifolia English:  trumpet tree, guarumo; Other: rau-māniota (Cook Islands) Rarotonga
Cedrela odorata English: cigar box cedar, Mexican cedar, West Indian cedar, Spanish cedar, Barbados cedar; French: cèdre acajou, cèdre des barbares; Spanish: cedro cubano (Galapagos Is.); Other: sita hina (Tonga) Rarotonga, ‘Atiu

Cestrum diurnum

English: inkberry, day jessamine, day cestrum, China berry; Other: ariki-va‘ine (Cook Islands); thauthau (Fiji); tinta ‘n-China, tentanchinu, tintan China (Guam, CNMI); makahala (Hawai'i); sugi vao, suni vao (Samoa); vaitohi (Tonga) Rarotonga, Mangaia

Cestrum nocturnum

English: night-flowering cestrum, night-flowering jasmine, queen (or lady) of the night; Other: teine o le po, ali‘i o le po (American Samoa and Samoa); tiare ariki-va‘ine, ariki-va‘ine (Cook Islands); thauthau, thauthau ni mbongi, kara (Fiji); dama-de-noche (Guam); ‘ala aumoe, kupaoa, onaona Iapana (Hawai‘i); joñoul ru awa (Marshall Islands); iki he po (Niue); lakau po‘uli (Tonga) Rarotonga, Mangaia
Chloris barbata English: swollen fingergrass, purpletop chloris (Australia), airport grass (Fiji); Other: mau’u lei (Hawai'i) Rarotonga

Cinnamomum camphora

English: camphor tree, camphor laurel; French: camphre, camphrier Rarotonga

Cinnamomum verum

English: cinnamon tree; French: cannelier de Ceylan; Other: ochod ra ngebard (Palau). tinamoni, tigamoni (American Samoa and Samoa) Rarotonga, Miti'aro
Clerodendrum chinense English: Honolulu rose, stickbush, glory bower; Other: losa Honolulu, losa Onolulu (American Samoa and Samoa); pītate māma‘o, tiare tupapaku? (Cook Islands); pikake hohono, pikake wauke (Hawai'i) Rarotonga
Clitoria ternatea English: butterfly pea, Asian pigeonwings; French: honte; Other: buikike, bukike, paokeke, bukike paokeke, capa de la reina, kapa de la raina (Guam); putitainubia (CNMI); pepe (Niue); latoela, nawa (Fiji), paipa (Tonga) Rarotonga
Cortaderia selloana English: pampas grass, silver pampas grass, Uruguayan pampas grass Rarotonga
Costus speciosus English: crepe ginger, crape ginger, wild ginger, Malay ginger, canereed; Other: isebsab (Palau) Rarotonga, 'Atiu
Cryptostegia madagascariensis English: Madagascar rubber vine Rarotonga, 'Atiu, Mangaia
Cuscuta campestris English: golden dodder, field dodder, five-angled dodder; Other: tiaea (Cook Islands (Mangaia)); navereverelangi, wa vereverelangi, wa lawala, wa mbosuthu, wa ndanga, wa tikaivu, ndithangi (Fiji) Rarotonga, Mangaia
Cyperus involucratus English: umbrella sedge, umbrella plant, dwarf papyrus grass; Other: ‘ahu‘awa haole, pu‘uka‘a haole (Hawai‘i) Rarotonga, Aitutaki
Derris elliptica English: derris; Other: tuba, bagin (Guam); oop, op (Kosrae); dub (Palau); up (Chuuk, Pohnpei); peinuhp, uhp, upanai, upanyap, upkesetik (Pohnpei); yuub (Yap); nduva, duva ni vavalagi, nduva ni vavalangi (Fiji) Rarotonga
Desmodium tortuosum English: Florida beggarweed, Spanish clover, dixie ticktrefoil Mangaia
Digitaria violascens English: smooth crabgrass, violet crabgrass; Other: sau (Palau) Rarotonga
Duranta erecta English: duranta, golden dewdrop, pigeon-berry, sky-flower; Other: ‘olive (Tonga) Rarotonga

Egeria densa

English: egeria, leafy elodea, dense waterweed Rarotonga
Eichhornia crassipes English: water hyacinth; French: jacinthe d'eau; Other: riri vai (Cook Islands (Mangaia)); mbekambekairanga, ndambendambe ni nga, jal khumbe, bekabekairaga, dabedabe ne ga, jal khumbe (Fiji); bung el ralm (Palau) Rarotonga, Mangaia
Erigeron karvinskianus English: Mexican daisy, seaside daisy, daisy fleabane Rarotonga

Ficus benjamina

English: weeping fig, baka, Java fig, weeping fig ; Other: ‘ovava fisi (Tonga) Rarotonga
Ficus elastica English: India rubber tree, rubber plant; Other: rapa (Cook Islands); komunokí (Palau); rapah (Pohnpei); gak‘iynigoma (Yap) Rarotonga, 'Atiu
Ficus macrophylla English: Moreton Bay fig Rarotonga
Flacourtia rukam English: Indian plum, Indian prune, governor’s plum; French: prunier café, prunier de Chine, prunier malgache; Other: filimoto (Fiji, Futuna, Samoa and American Samoa, Tonga) Rarotonga
Flemingia strobilifera English: luck plant, wild hops; French: sainfoin du bengale; Other: besungelaiei (Palau) Rarotonga, 'Atiu
Furcraea foetida English: Mauritius hemp, sisal, maguey, giant cabuya; French: aloès vert, chanvre de Maurice; Other: piāni, rōpiāni (Cook Islands); malina (Hawai‘i (Ni‘ihau)); toua (Niue); faumalila, fau malila (Tonga) Rarotonga, Aitutaki, Mangaia
Gmelina arborea English: gmelina, white teak, white beech; Spanish: melina; Other: yemane (Fiji, Philippines) Rarotonga, ‘Atiu

Gomphocarpus physocarpus

English: balloon plant, bladderbush Rarotonga

Grevillea banksii

English: kahili flower, Banks grevillea; Other: ha‘iku, kahili (Hawai‘i); ‘oka pua ‘ula‘ula (Hawai‘i (Ni‘ihau)) Rarotonga
Grevillea robusta English: silk oak, silky oak, he oak, silver oak, spider flower; Other: ‘oka kilika, ha‘iku ke‘oke‘o (Hawai'i), oke‘ (Tonga) Rarotonga, ‘Atiu, Mangaia
Hedychium gardnerianum English: kahili ginger; Other: kōpī (Cook Islands); cevuga dromodromo (Fiji); kahili, ‘awapuhi kahili (Hawai‘i); sinter weitahta (Pohnpei) Rarotonga, Mangaia
Hippobroma longiflora English: star of Bethlehem, fetia, madamfate; Other: pua hōkū (Hawai'i) Rarotonga, Aitutaki, Mangaia
Hylocereus undatus English: night-blooming cereus, strawberry pear, red pitaya, dragon fruit, pitahaya; French: pitaya, pitahaya rouge; Spanish: flor de Caliz; Other: paniniokapunahou, papipi pua (Hawai'i) Rarotonga
Hyptis pectinata English: comb hyptis, comb bushmint, mint weed, purple top; French: fausse menthe; Spanish: poleo o iso (Galapagos); Other: miri tītā (Cook Islands (‘Atiu)); tamole ni veikau, tamoli ni vavalangi, timothi ni vavalangi, wavuwavu, ndamoli, ben tulsia (Fiji); mumutun lahe, mumutun palaoan, mumutan ademelon (Guam); vao mini (Samoa) Rarotonga, Aitutaki, 'Atiu, Mangaia, Miti'aro
Ipomoea aquatica English: aquatic morning glory, swamp cabbage, water spinach, ung-choi, kang kong; French: liseron d'eau, patate aquatique; Other: aseri, seeri, seri (Chuuk); rukau taviri? (Cook Islands); ota karisa, ota karisi, wa kumala, ndrinikava, luve ne tombithi (Fiji), akankong, cancon, kangkun, kangkung, kankan (Guam); te kang kong (Kiribati); lorenzo (Nauru), kangum, kangkum (Palau); ‘umala vai (Samoa); kangkong (Ulithi, Yap); kangking, kongkong (Yap) Rarotonga
Jacaranda mimosifolia English: jacaranda Rarotonga
Justicia carnea English: pink plume-flower, pink jacobinia Rarotonga
Lablab purpureus English: hyacinth bean, lablab, bonavist, Egyptian kidney bean, dolichos; French: dolique, dolique d'Egypte, pois nourrice; Other: ndralawa, natomba, tomba (Fiji); cheribilla apaka, chuchumeko (Guam--Chamorro); papapa, pi (Hawai'i); pini lae puaka (Tonga) Rarotonga

Lantana camara

English: lantana; Other: latana (American Samoa and Samoa); tātarāmoa papa‘ā (Cook Islands); tātarāmoa (Cook Islands, French Polynesia); kauboica, kaumboitha, mbonambulumakau, mbona ra mbulumakau, tokalau, waiwai, lanitana (Fiji); tarataramoa, taratara hamoa (French Polynesia); latora moa (French Polynesia (Tahiti)); lakana, la‘au kalakala, lanakana (Ni‘ihau), mikinolia hihiu, mikinolia hohono, mikinolia kuku (Hawai‘i); ros fonacni (Kosrae); te kaibuaka, te kaibuaja (Kiribati); migiroa (Nauru), landana, rantana, rahndana, tukasuweth (Pohnpei); talatala, talatala talmoa (Tonga) Rarotonga, 'Atiu
Leptospermum scoparium English: New Zealand tea; manuka (New Zealand) Rarotonga
Leucaena leucocephala English: leucaena, wild tamarind, lead tree; French: graines de lin, faux-acacia, faux mimosa (New Caledonia); Other: lopa Samoa, fua pepe (American Samoa and Samoa); nītō, mara‘inu (Cook Islands); vaivai, vaivai ni vavalangi, vaivai dina, balori (Fiji); atiku (French Polynesia (Marquesas)); ipel-ipel (Galapagos); tangantangan, tangan-tangan, talantayan (Guam, CNMI, Marshall Islands); talntangan (CNMI); koa haole, lili-koa, ekoa (Hawai‘i); te kaitetua (Kiribati); tuhngantuhngan, rohbohtin (Kosrae); tavahi kaku (Niue); pepe (Niue and Samoa); telentund (Palau); lusina (Samoa); siale mohemohe (Tonga); cassis (Vanuatu); ganitnityuwan tangantan (Yap); namas (from Ecoport, source not given) Rarotonga, Aitutaki, 'Atiu, Mangaia
Licuala grandis English: ruffled fan palm; French: palmier-cuillère Rarotonga?
Macfadyena unguis-cati English: cat's-claw climber Rarotonga
Melicoccus bijugatus English: Spanish lime Rarotonga, ‘Atiu

Merremia peltata

English: merremia; Other: fue vae (American Samoa), fue lautetele (American Samoa and Samoa); fidau, fitau, fitaw, fitay (Chuuk); kūrima (Cook Islands (‘Atiu)); wa mbula, wa bula, wa damu, wa ndamu, viliyawa, wiliviwa, veliyana, wiliao (Fiji); pohue (French Polynesia); lagon, lagoun, lagun (Guam); pala, pul, para, puhlah (Kosrae); fue, fue vao, fue kula (Niue); kebeas (Palau); ceul, lohl, iol, yol, yool (Pohnpei); abui, grobihi, arosumou (Solomon Islands); fue mea (Tonga); wachathal (Yap) Rarotonga, Aitutaki, 'Atiu, Miti'aro

Merremia tuberosa

English: wood rose, Spanish arborvine, yellow morning-glory; French: liane-à-tonelle, liane-jaune; Other: alarrak (Saipan); pilikai (Hawai‘i) Rarotonga

Mimosa diplotricha

English: giant sensitive plant, nila grass; French: grande sensitive, sensitive gèante; Other: pikika‘a papa‘ā (Cook Islands (Aitutaki)); vao fefe palagi (American Samoa and Samoa), wa ngandrongandro levu, wa ngandrongandro ni wa ngalelevu, co gadrogadro (Fiji); mechiuaiuu (Palau); limemeihr laud (Pohnpei); singbiguin sasa (Saipan); la'au fefe tele, la'au fefe palagi (Samoa); Aitutaki

Muntingia calabura

English: jam tree, strawberry tree, Jamaican cherry, Singapore cherry, Panama cherry, Panama berry, ornamental cherry, calabura, sirsen; French: bois ramier; Other: venevene (Cook Islands (Penrhyn)); capulin (Fiji, French Polynesia); manzanilla, mansanita, manzanita (Guam, CNMI), budo (Palau, Yap) Rarotonga

Murraya paniculata

English: orange jessamine, satin-wood, Chinese box, Hawaiian mock orange; Other: tiare ‘ānani (Cook Islands, French Polynesia) Rarotonga, 'Atiu, Mangaia
Odontonema tubaeforme English: fire spike, cardinal flower; Other: totoē (American Samoa and Samoa) Rarotonga, Mangaia
Operculina ventricosa English: paper rose, St. Thomas lidpod; Other: alalag (Guam); palulu (Samoa); fue hina (Tonga) Rarotonga
Opuntia spp. English: prickly pear; Other: lengua de vaca (Guam) Rarotonga, Aitutaki
Paraserianthes lophantha English: brush wattle, plume albizia, plume acacia, stink bean Rarotonga
Paspalum urvillei English: Vasey grass; French: herbe de Vasey, paspalum d'Urville; Other: tinikarāti (Cook Islands (Mangaia)) Rarotonga, Mangaia
Passiflora foetida English: love-in-a-mist, wild passion fruit, passionflower, stinking passionflower; French: passiflore; Spanish: bedoca (Galapagos Is.); Other: pasio vao (American Samoa and Samoa); bombom (Chuuk), sou, loliloli ni kalavo, qaranidila (Fiji); pohapoha (Hawai‘i); lani wai (Hawai‘i (Ni‘ihau)); tea biku (Kiribati); vine vao (Niue); kudamono (Palau); pompom, pwomwpwomw (Pohnpei); kinahulo‘ atdao, dulce (Saipan); vaine ‘initia (Tonga); tomates (Yap) Rarotonga

Pennisetum purpureum

English: elephant grass, napier grass, merker grass; French: herbe éléphant, fausse canne à sucre; Spanish: pasto elefante; Other: ‘erepani (Cook Islands (‘Atiu)); acfucsracsracsr (Kosrae); bokso (Palau); puk-soh (Pohnpei); vao bovi (Samoa) Rarotonga, 'Atiu, Mangaia

Pennisetum setaceum

English: fountain grass Rarotonga
Phyllostachys bissetii English: running bamboo Mangaia

Phyllostachys nigra

English: black bamboo; French: bambou noir Rarotonga
Pistia stratiotes English: water lettuce, tropical duckweed; French: laitue d'eau, pistie; Other: lechuguita de agua, repollo de agua , apon-apon, apoe-apoe, beo-cai, chawk Rarotonga
Platycerium bifurcatum English: elkhorn fern, staghorn fern Rarotonga
Quisqualis indica English: Rangoon creeper Rarotonga
Ricinus communis English: castor bean, castor-oil plant; French: ricin; Spanish: higuerilla; Other: lama palagi, lama papalagi (American Samoa and Samoa); tuitui papa‘ā (Cook Islands); mbele ni vavalagi, toto ni vavalagi, utouto (Fiji); agaliya (Guam); koli, pa‘aila, ka‘apeha, kamakou, la‘au, ‘aila (Hawai‘i); tuitui, tuitui fua ikiiki (Niue); gelug, maskerekur, uluchula skoki (Palau); lepo, lepohina (Tonga) Rarotonga, 'Atiu, Mangaia

Sanchezia speciosa

English: sanchezia. Rarotonga

Sanchezia parvibracteata

English: sanchezia Rarotonga, Aitutaki, 'Atiu
Schefflera actinophylla English: octopus tree, umbrella tree, ivy palm; French: arbre-pieuvre, arbre ombelle Rarotonga
Senna alata English: candle bush; candelabra bush, Roman candle tree, emperor's candlesticks, ringworm bush (Australia), alcapulco; French: epis d’or, bois dartre, dartres; Other: fa‘i lafa, la‘au fai lafa (American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga); arakak (Chuuk); mbai ni thangi (Fiji); akapuku, andadose, candalaria, take-biha (Guam); mulamula (Niue); kerula besokel, yult (Palau); rakau honuki, truke-n-kili-n-wai, tuhkehn kilin wai, tirakahonuki (Pohnpei); bakau plant (Solomon Islands); te‘elango (Tonga); flay-n-sabouw (Yap) Rarotonga

Senna siamea

English: cassod tree, kassod tree, Siamese cassia, pheasantwood, Thailand shower; French: bois perdrix; Other: kasia (Tonga) ‘Atiu
Sesbania grandiflora English: sesbania, hummingbird tree, sesban, scarlet wisteria tree, corkwood tree; French: agati a grandes fleurs; Other: agati, agathi (Fiji); oufai, ofai, ouai (French Polynesia); katurai (Guam); ohai ke‘oke‘o (Hawai‘i); sepania (Samoa) Rarotonga, Mangaia
Setaria palmifolia English: palmgrass, short pitpit, hailans pitpit, broadleaved bristlegrass; Other: vao ‘ofe‘ofe (Samoa)
Setaria pumila English: foxtail, garden bristle grass, hairy-tail grass, yellow bristlegrass, Queensland pigeon grass (Australia), cat's tail grass (Fiji); French: sétaire glauque Rarotonga, 'Atiu, Mangaia
Solandra maxima English: golden cup, cup of gold, chalice vine; Spanish: copa de oro Rarotonga, Mangaia
Solanum mauritianum English: bugweed, wild tobacco, tree tobacco; Other: rau ‘ava‘ava (Cook Islands); pua nana honua (Hawai'i); pula (Tonga) Rarotonga, Aitutaki
Sphagneticola trilobata English: wedelia, trailing daisy, Singapore daisy, creeping ox-eye; Other: ngesil ra ngebard (Palau); dihpw ongohng, tuhke ongohng (Pohnpei); rosrangrang (Kosrae); ut mõkadkad, ut telia (Marshall Islands); atiat (Puluwat); ate (Tonga) Rarotonga, 'Atiu
Sporobolus indicus English: smutgrass, wiregrass, Indian dropseed; Other: fisihina (Tonga) Rarotonga, Aitutaki
Stenotaphrum secundatum English: buffalo grass, St. Augustine grass; French: chiendent de boeuf; Spanish: pasto San Augustín; Other: ‘aki‘aki haole, mānienie ‘aki‘aki, mānienie ‘aki‘aki haole, mānienie māhikihiki (Hawai‘i) Rarotonga
Tabebuia heterophylla English: pink tecoma, pink trumpet tree, white cedar; Other: calice du pape Rarotonga

Thevetia peruviana

English: yellow oleander, be-still tree, lucky nut; French: oléandre jaune; Other: koneta (Chuuk); venevene (Cook Islands (Mangaia)), ‘enere (Cook Islands (Ma‘uke, Miti‘aro)); nohomalie (Hawai'i); irelepsech (Yap) Rarotonga, Mangaia, Miti'aro

Thunbergia alata

English: black-eyed susan vine; French: suzanne aux yeux noirs Rarotonga

Thunbergia fragrans

English: white lady, white thunbergia, sweet clock-vine; Other: fue hina (Tonga) Rarotonga, Mangaia

Thunbergia grandiflora

English: Bengal trumpet, blue trumpet vine, clock vine, skyvine, large-flowerd thunbergia; Other: bung el etiu (Palau) Rarotonga

Thunbergia laurifolia

English: purple allamanda, laurel-leaved thunbergia, laurel clock vine Rarotonga
Tibouchina urvilleana English: glorybush, lasiandra, princess flower Rarotonga
Toona ciliata English: Australian red cedar, toon, surian, Indian mahogany; Other: wood pikake (Hawai‘i); tuna (Samoa);, sita kula (Tonga) Mangaia
Trema orientalis English: charcoal tree, gunpowder tree; Other: agaunai, banahl, tal amama (CNMI); elodechoel (Palau); uanin (Yap); ndrou, ndroundrou, ndrikanaithembe (Fiji); aere (French Polynesia), mangele, manele, magele (Niue, Samoa, Tonga) Mangaia
Triumfetta semitriloba English: Sacramento bur; Other: dadangsi, masiksik lahe (Guam) Rarotonga, Aitutaki
Urochloa mutica English: California grass, para grass, buffalo grass, Mauritius grass, signal grass; French: herbe de Para; Other: mauku puakatoro (Cook Islands); puakatau (Tonga) (Swarbrick, 1997) Rarotonga, Aitutaki, Miti'aro

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This page revised 22 April 2006