Plant Threats to Pacific Ecosystems

PIER plant species present on Kao Island listed by scientific name

A product of the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER)

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This table lists invasive and potentially invasive plant species profiled by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER) that occur on Kao Island. It includes those of environmental concern (including those that are probably of threat only to islands with high elevations) as well as agricultural and ruderal weeds.  Each species is linked by its scientific name to an individual write-up containing relevant information.

The information in this table is based on the supporting data and may not represent the current situation. Note also there may be discrepancies among data presented at geographic resolutions (e.g., island vs. island group vs. country-territory-state levels), depending upon the reliability of the data at each level.

Species are listed in alphabetic order.  You can browse this list or use the "find" function on your web browser to search by scientific name.

Can't find it here?  Check the list of synonyms for other names (the more common synonyms are included below) or search other lists and databases available on the Internet.

Stumped by botanical terms?  Here are links to a brief glossary and a search engine for botanical terms.

Scientific name (+Family) Often-used other Latin names Habit Primarily a threat
at high elevations?
Abrus precatorius   (Fabaceae) Glycine abrus L. vine No
Aleurites moluccana   (Euphorbiaceae) Aleurites moluccanus (L.) Willd.; Aleurites remyi Sherff; Aleurites trilobus J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.; Jatropha moluccana L. tree No
Casuarina equisetifolia   (Casuarinaceae) Casuarina litorea L. ex Fosberg & Sachet tree No
Centella asiatica   (Apiaceae) Hydrocotyle asiatica L.; Hydrocotyle erecta L. f. herb No
Desmodium heterocarpon   (Fabaceae) Desmodium ovalifolium (Prain) Wall. ex Merr.; Desmodium polycarpon (Poir.) DC.; Meibomia heterocarpos (L.) Kuntze herb No
Digitaria ciliaris   (Poaceae) Digitaria adscendens (Kunth) Henrard grass No
Eleocharis geniculata   (Cyperaceae)   sedge No
Eleusine indica   (Poaceae) Cynosurus indicus L.; Eleusine japonica Steud. grass No
Hoya australis   (Apocynaceae) Hoya dalrympliana F. Muell. vine No
Imperata conferta   (Poaceae)   grass No
Imperata cylindrica   (Poaceae) Imperata arundinacea Cyr. grass No
Lindernia crustacea   (Linderniaceae)   herb No
Oplismenus compositus   (Poaceae) Panicum compositum L. grass No
Paspalum conjugatum   (Poaceae)   grass No
Paspalum scrobiculatum   (Poaceae) Paspalum cartilagineum Presl. [=Paspalum scrobiculatum L. var. bispicatum Hack.]; Paspalum orbiculare G. Forst. grass No
Passiflora foetida   (Passifloraceae)   vine No
Spathoglottis plicata   (Orchidaceae)   herb No
Trema orientalis   (Cannabaceae) Trema cannabina Lour.; Trema cannabinum Lour.; Trema orientale (L.) Blume; Trema tomentosum (Roxb.) H. Hara tree No
Triumfetta rhomboidea   (Malvaceae) Triamfetta bartramia L. shrub No

Need more info?  Have questions?  Comments?  Information to contribute?  Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was last regenerated on 12MAY2013.